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The GIS Application of Marine Protected Area Site Selection, in Trenggalek, East Java Province
part of series:
  Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
  doi:10.2991/icge-16.2017.52 (how to use a DOI)
Dhira K. Saputra, Sukandar Sukandar, H. Muliawati, Citra Satrya U., Wahyu P. Pratama, Anthon Andrimida
corresponding author:
Dhira K. Saputra
publication date:
May 2017
Coastal conservation, environmental planning, GIS, mangrove, coral reef
Marine Protected Area (MPA) is one of the best tools for maintaining coastal fisheries sustainability. District of Trenggalek, which has 96 km coastline and 57 small islands, categorized as one of most productive coastal areas in Southern coast of East Java. On the other hand, the demand of MPA in this region become urgent as the decline on its coastal natural resources in recent years. Methods used in this research include: site suitability analysis using GIS multi-criteria analysis, divided into three criteria: ecology, socio-cultural and economy. Ecological survey and data ground check conducted in three locations, Bay of Panggul (Panggul), Bay of Sumbreng (Munjungan) and Bay of Prigi (Watulimo). Focus Group Discussion (FGD) with key stakeholders to obtain more precise information, continued with set of scoring and weighting (data analysis) to obtain MPA's site suitability and category. The results show high suitability areas for MPA includes Wonocoyo, Munjungan, Karanggandu and Karanggongso. Each site has a high value in ecological criteria (ecosystem and biodiversity), social criteria (social acceptance) and economic criteria (importance to species and value for marine tourism).
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