title:
 
Global Approximations to Cost and Production Functions using Artificial Neural Networks
publication:
 
IJCIS
volume-issue:   2 - 2
pages:   132 - 139
ISSN:
  1875-6883
DOI:
  doi:10.2991/ijcis.2009.2.2.4 (how to use a DOI)
author(s):
 
Efthymios G. Tsionas, Panayotis G. Michaelides, Angelos T. Vouldis
publication date:
 
June 2009
keywords:
 
Neural networks, Econometrics, Production and Cost Functions, RTS, TFP.
abstract:
 
The estimation of cost and production functions in economics relies on standard specifications which are less than satisfactory in numerous situations. However, instead of fitting the data with a pre-specified model, Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) let the data itself serve as evidence to support the model’s estimation of the underlying process. In this context, the proposed approach combines the strengths of economics, statistics and machine learning research and the paper proposes a global approximation to arbitrary cost and production functions, respectively, given by ANNs. Suggestions on implementation are proposed and empirical application relies on standard techniques. All relevant measures such as Returns to Scale (RTS) and Total Factor Productivity (TFP) may be computed routinely.
copyright:
 
© Atlantis Press. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
full text: