Journal of African Trade

Articles in Press

Research Article

Considerations for Rules of Origin under the African Continental Free Trade Area

Landry Signé, Payce Madden
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 11 December 2020
Rules of origin are used to determine a product’s eligibility for preferential tariffs under a free trade agreement and have major implications for the extent of trade under the agreement and the growth of regional value chains. Firms choose to comply with rules of origin when the benefits of trading...
Research Article

Prospects and Challenges for Supply Chain Trade under the Africa Continental Free Trade Area☆

Jaime de Melo, Anna Twum
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 25 January 2021
African countries are negotiating the African Continental Free Trade Area with the aim to spearhead global value chain (GVC) trade among African countries as a driver for robust economic growth. This paper evaluates the participation of Sub-Saharan African Regional Economic Communities (RECs) in GVC-related...
Research Article

Rules of Origin across African Regional Trading Agreements: A Landscape with Measures to Address Challenges at Harmonization☆

Julien Gourdon, Dzmitry Kniahin, Jaime de Melo, Mondher Mimouni
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 29 December 2020
To become operational, the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) must harmonize Rules of Origin (ROO) across Africa’s Preferential Trade Agreements (PTAs) along two dimensions: regime-wide rules and product-specific rules. This paper describes and evaluates these ROO across the major multiple-membership...
Research Article

Regional Integration and Trade: Case of COMESA Free Trade Area

Grace Gondwe
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 22 March 2021
This paper examines the factors influencing intra-Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) trade by empirically investigating whether the Free Trade Area (FTA) contributed to trade growth from 1997 to 2015. Gravity models for exports and imports were estimated to identify the factors influencing...
Research Article

Is it Export- or Import-Led Growth? The Case of Kenya

Peter Simiyu Wamalwa, Maureen Sikali Were
In Press, Uncorrected Proof, Available Online: 7 September 2021
The role of exports in promoting economic growth has been widely acknowledged. This paper analyses the link between exports, imports, and growth performance in Kenya using time series data. Despite trade liberalization and export promotion policies pursued over time, Kenya’s export growth has been sluggish,...
Research Article

Environmental Effects of the African Continental Free Trade Agreement: A Computable General Equilibrium Model Approach

Marta Bengoa, Somya Mathur, Badri Narayanan, Hanna C. Norberg
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 30 July 2021
Growth and development in middle- and low-income countries often come at an environmental cost, but is that trade-off always necessary? This study uses a computable general equilibrium model to estimate the macroeconomic and environmental impact of the world’s most significant plurilateral trade agreement,...
Research Article

Reaping the AfCFTA Potential Through Well-Functioning Rules of Origin

Komi Tsowou, Junior Davis
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 10 May 2021
The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) Rules of Origin (RoOs) determine the conditions for the application of the Agreement’s tariff preferences. The effectiveness of existing preferential trade agreements within the continent is undermined by heterogeneous RoO regimes and costly trade facilitation...
Research Article

Effect of China’s Zero-Tariff Treatment under Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) on Export Diversification in Beneficiary Countries in Africa

Zhina Sun, Ehizuelen Michael Mitchell Omoruyi
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 9 July 2021
In this study, we quantitatively assessed the effect of China’s zero-tariff treatment on export diversification in beneficiary countries in Africa. We assessed its overall effect and its effect on particular industries and regions. The results showed that, overall, zero-tariff treatment significantly...
Research Article

Trade Costs and Demand-Enhancing Effects of Agrifood Standards: Consequences for Sub-Saharan Africa

Aristide Djimgou Tchakounte, Dela-Dem Doe Fiankor
In Press, Uncorrected Proof, Available Online: 21 September 2021
Agrifood standards impede trade by increasing compliance costs, but they can also enhance trade by signalling quality. This paper disentangles the trade costs and demand-enhancing effects of two important standards—technical barriers to trade, and sanitary and phytosanitary measures—on (i) global agricultural...
Research Article

Proving Hegel Wrong: Learning the Right Lessons from European Integration for the African Continental Free Trade Area

Andrew Mold
In Press, Uncorrected Proof, Available Online: 30 September 2021
This paper sets out to disprove the German philosopher Hegel’s dictum about people learning nothing from history, by looking at the lessons to be learned for the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) from the European Union’s experience of regional integration. Since its foundation in 1957, European...
Research Article

Common Currency and Intra-Regional Trade in the Central African Monetary Community (CEMAC)

Divine Ngenyeh Kangami, Oluyele Akinkugbe
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 7 June 2021
We applied the threshold autoregressive and difference-in-differences techniques to examine the effects of adopting a common currency on bilateral trade flows between member states of the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC) customs union, over the period from 1980 to 2013. We found...
Research Article

ECOWAS and AfCFTA: Potential Short-Run Impact of a Draft ECOWAS Tariff Offer

Peter Lunenborg, Thomas Roberts
In Press, Uncorrected Proof, Available Online: 17 October 2021
The purpose of this study is to provide an ex ante short-run impact analysis of tariff liberalisation in the context of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) on the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) customs union regarding tariff revenue and import values. To our knowledge,...