Journal of Nonlinear Mathematical Physics

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905 articles

The Structure of Gelfand-Levitan-Marhenko Type Equations for Delsarte Transmutation Operators of Linear Multidimensional Differential Operators and Operator Pencils. Part 1.

Jolanta GOLENIA, Anatoliy K PRYKARPATSKY, Yarema A PRYKARPATSKY
Pages: 73 - 87
An analog of Gelfand-Levitan-Marchenko integral equations for multi- dimensional Delsarte transmutation operators is constructed by means of studying their differentiageometric structure based on the classical Lagrange identity for a formally conjugated pair of differential operators. An extension of...

Nonlinear-Integral-Equation Construction of Orthogonal Polynomials

Carl M. Bender, E. Ben-Naim
Pages: 73 - 80
The nonlinear integral equation P(x) = dyw(y)P(y)P(x + y) is investigated. It is shown that for a given function w(x) the equation admits an infinite set of polynomial solutions Pn(x). For polynomial solutions, this nonlinear integral equation reduces to a finite set of coupled linear algebraic equations...

On the Fluid Motion in Standing Waves

Mats Ehrnstrom, Erik Wahlen
Pages: 74 - 86
This paper concerns linear standing gravity water waves on finite depth. We obtain qualitative and quantitative understanding of the particle paths within the wave.

Functional Equations and the Generalised Elliptic Genus

H W BRADEN, K E FELDMAN
Pages: 74 - 85
We give a new derivation and characterisation of the generalised elliptic genus of Krichever-Höhn by means of a functional equation.

Rational Solutions of an Extended Lotka-Volterra Equation

X B HU, P A CLARKSON
Pages: 75 - 83
A series of rational solutions are presented for an extended Lotka-Volterra eqution. These rational solutions are obtained by using Hirota's bilinear formalism and Bäcklund transformation. The crucial step is the use of nonlinear superposition fomula. The so-called extended Lotka-Volterra equation is...

Symmetry reduction and exact solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations. I

WILHELM FUSHCHYCH, ROMAN POPOWYCH
Pages: 75 - 113
Ansatzes for the Navier-Stokes field are described. These ansatzes reduce the Navier-Stokes equations to system of differential equations in three, two, and one independent variables. The large sets of exact solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations are constructed.

Integrability Conditions for n and t Dependent Dynamical Lattice Equations

R YAMILOV, D LEVI
Pages: 75 - 101
Conditions necessary for the existence of local higher order generalized symmetries and conservation laws are derived for a class of dynamical lattice equations with explicit dependence on the spatial discrete variable and on time. We explain how to use the obtained conditions for checking a given equation....

On Some Almost Quadratic Algebras Coming from Twisted Derivations

Daniel LARSSON, Gunnar SIGURDSSON, Sergei D SILVESTROV
Pages: 76 - 87
This paper explores the quasi-deformation scheme devised in [1, 3] as applied to the simple Lie algebra sl2(F) for specific choices of the involved parameters and underlying algebras. One of the main points of this method is that the quasi-deformed algebra comes endowed with a canonical twisted Jacobi...

The Discrete Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation and its Lie Symmetry Reductions

R HERNÁNDEZ HEREDERO, D LEVI
Pages: 77 - 94
The Lie algebra L(h) of symmetries of a discrete analogue of the non-linear Schrödinger equation (NLS) is studied. A five-dimensional subspace of L(h), generated by both point and generalized symmetries, transforms into the five-dimensional point symmtry algebra L(0) of the NLS equation. We use the lowest...

Integrable flows and Bäcklund transformations on extended Stiefel varieties with application to the Euler top on the Lie group SO(3)

Yuri N FEDOROV
Pages: 77 - 94
We show that the m-dimensional Euler­Manakov top on so (m) can be represented as a Poisson reduction of an integrable Hamiltonian system on a symplectic extended Stiefel variety ¯V(k, m), and present its Lax representation with a rational parameter. We also describe an integrable two-valued symplectic...

The Numerical Study of the Solution of the 4 0 Model

S GLADKOFF, A ALAIE, Y SANSONNET, M MANOLESSOU
Pages: 77 - 85
We present a numerical study of the nonlinear system of 4 0 equations of motion. The solution is obtained iteratively, starting from a precise point-sequence of the appropriate Banach space, for small values of the coupling constant. The numerical results are in perfect agreement with the main theoretical...

The Rayleigh Problem for a Third Grade Electrically Conducting Fluid in a Magnetic Field

Tasawar Hayat, Herman Mambili-Mamboundou, Ebrahim Momoniat, Fazal M. Mahomed
Pages: 77 - 90
The influence of a magnetic field on the flow of an incompressible third grade electrically conducting fluid bounded by a rigid plate is investigated. The flow is induced due by the motion of a plate in its own plane with an arbitrary velocity. The solution of the equations of conservation of mass and...

Reducible representations of CAR and CCR with possible applications to field quantization

Marek CZACHOR
Pages: 78 - 84
Reducible representations of CAR and CCR are applied to second quantization of Dirac and Maxwell fields. The resulting field operators are indeed operators and not operator-valued distributions. Examples show that the formalism may lead to a finite quantum field theory.

A Remark on Nonlocal Symmetries for the Calogero­Degasperis­Ibragimov­Shabat Equation

Artur SERGYEYEV, Jan A SANDERS
Pages: 78 - 85
We consider the Calogero­Degasperis­Ibragimov­Shabat (CDIS) equation and find the complete set of its nonlocal symmetries depending on the local variables and on the integral of the only local conserved density of the equation in question. The Lie algebra of these symmetries turns out to be a central...

Amplitude-Dependent Oscillations in Gases

O L de LANGE, J PIERRUS
Pages: 79 - 81
We consider the following question: Suppose part of the boundary of a cavity contaiing a gas is set into oscillation, the damping in the boundary being small. What is the nature of the oscillations in the gas? We treat the low-frequency limit (wavelength much greater than dimensions of the cavity). Experiment...

Symmetry Analysis and Solutions for a Generalization of a Family of BBM Equations

M.S. Bruzon, M. L. Gandarias, J. C. Camacho
Pages: 81 - 90
In this paper, the family of BBM equation with strong nonlinear dispersive B(m,n) is considered. We apply the classical Lie method of infinitesimals. The symmetry reductions are derived from the optimal system of subalgebras and lead to systems of ordinary differential equations. We obtain for special...

The Generalized Version of Dressing Method with Applications to AKNS Equations

Junyi ZHU, Xianguo GENG
Pages: 81 - 89
The generalized dressing method is extended to variable-coefficient AKNS equations, including a variable-coefficient coupled nonlinear Schr¨odinger equation and a variablcoefficient coupled mKdV equation. A general variable-coefficient KP equation is proposed and decomposed into the two 1+1 dimensional...

Inhomogeneous Burgers Lattices

S DE LILLO, V V KONOTOP
Pages: 82 - 87
We study statistical properties of inhomogeneous Burgers lattices which are solved by the discrete Cole­Hopf transformation. Using exact solutions we investigate effect of various kinds of noise on the dynamics of solutions.

Unified approach to Miura, Bäcklund and Darboux Transformations for Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations

P.G. ESTÉVEZ, E. CONDE, P.R. GORDOA
Pages: 82 - 114
This paper is an attempt to present and discuss at some length the Singular Manifold Method. This Method is based upon the Painlevé Property systematically used as a tool for obtaining clear cut answers to almost all the questions related with Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations: Lax pairs, Miura,...

A note on the relationship between rational and trigonometric solutions of the WDVV equations

Andrew RILEY, Ian A B STRACHAN
Pages: 82 - 94
Legendre transformations provide a natural symmetry on the space of solutions to the WDVV equations, and more specifically, between different Frobenius manifolds. In this paper a twisted Legendre transformation is constructed between solutions which define the corresponding dual Frobenius manifolds....

Statistical mechanics of a Class of Anyonic Systems. The Rigorous Approach

Roman GIELERAK, Robert RALOWSKI
Pages: 85 - 91
A class of involutive Wick algebras (called anyonic-type Wick algebras) is selected and some its elementary properties are described. In particular, the Fock representtions of the selected anyonic-type commutation relations are described. For the class of so-called r-yonic systems the question of the...

Symmetry Analysis of Nonlinear PDE with A "Mathematica" Program SYMMAN

Evgenii M. VOROB'EV
Pages: 85 - 89
Computer-aided symbolic and graphic computation allows to make significantly easier both theoretical and applied symmetry analysis of PDE. This idea is illustrated by applying a special "Mathematica" package for obtaining conditional symmetries of the nonlinear wave equation ut = (u ux)x invariant or...

Distinguishing Three-Dimensional Lens Spaces L(7, 1) and L(7, 2) by Means of Classical Pentagon Equation

I G KOREPANOV, E V MARTYUSHEV
Pages: 86 - 98
We construct new topological invariants of three-dimensional manifolds which can, in particular, distinguish homotopy equivalent lens spaces L(7, 1) and L(7, 2). The invariants are built on the base of a classical (not quantum) solution of pentagon equation, i.e. algebraic relation corresponding to a...

Lower Bounds for the Spinless Salpeter Equation

Fabian BRAU
Pages: 86 - 96
We obtain lower bounds on the ground state energy, in one and three dimensions, for the spinless Salpeter equation (Schrödinger equation with a relativistic kinetic energy operator) applicable to potentials for which the attractive parts are in Lp (Rn ) for some p > n (n = 1 or 3). An extension to confining...

On a q-Difference Painlevé III Equation: I. Derivation, Symmetry and Riccati Type Solutions

Kenji KAJIWARA, Kinji KIMURA
Pages: 86 - 102
A q-difference analogue of the Painlevé III equation is considered. Its derivations, affine Weyl group symmetry, and two kinds of special function type solutions are discussed.

Note on operadic non-associative deformations

Eugen PAAL
Pages: 87 - 92
Deformation equation of a non-associative deformation in operad is proposed. Its integrability condition (the Bianchi identity) is considered. Algebraic meaning of the latter is explained.

On Gerstner's Water Wave

David Henry
Pages: 87 - 95
We present a simple approach showing that Gerstner’s flow is dynamically possible: each particle moves on a circle, but the particles never collide and fill out the entire region below the surface wave.

Exact Solutions of DNLS and Derivative Reaction-Diffuson Systems

Jyh-Hao LEE, Yen-Ching LEE, Chien-Chih LIN
Pages: 87 - 98
In this paper, we obtain some exact solutions of Derivative Reaction-Diffusion (DRD) system and, as by-products, we also show some exact solutions of DNLS via Hirota bilinearization method. At first, we review some results about two by two AKNS-ZS system, then introduce Hirota bilinearization method...

Asymptotic Lattices and W-Congruences in Integrable Discrete Geometry

Adam DOLIWA
Pages: 88 - 92
The asymptotic lattices and their transformations are included into the theory of quadrilateral lattices.

Solitons and Deformed Lattices I

Betti HARTMANN, Wojtek J ZAKRZEWSKI
Pages: 88 - 104
We study a model describing some aspects of the dynamics of biopolymers. The models involve either one or two finite chains with a number N of sites that represent the "units" of a biophysical system. The mechanical degrees of freedom of these chains are coupled to the internal degrees of freedom through...

Symmetries of Vector Exterior Differential Systems and the Inverse Problem in Second-Order Ostrograds'kii Mechanics

R.Ya. MATSYUK
Pages: 89 - 97
Symmetries for variational problems are considered as symmetries of vector-valued exterior differential systems. This approach is applied to equations for the classical spinning particle.

Parasupersymmetries and Non-Lie Constants of Motion for Two-Particle Equations

Violeta TRETYNYK
Pages: 90 - 95
We search for hidden symmetries of two-particle equations with oscillator-equivalent potential proposed by Moshinsky with collaborators. We proved that these equations admit hidden symmetries and parasupersymmetries which enable easily to find the Hamiltonian spectra using algebraic methods.

Symbolic Software for the Painlevé Test of Nonlinear Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations

Douglas BALDWIN, Willy HEREMAN
Pages: 90 - 110
The automation of the traditional Painlev´e test in Mathematica is discussed. The package PainleveTest.m allows for the testing of polynomial systems of nonlinear ordinary and partial differential equations which may be parameterized by arbitrary functions (or constants). Except where limited by memory,...

Non­Lie Ansatzes for Nonlinear Heat Equations

Ivan TSYFRA
Pages: 90 - 93
Operators of non­local symmetry are used to construct exact solutions of nonlinear heat equations. A method for finding of new classes of ansatzes reducing nonlinear wave equations to a systems of ordinary differential equations was suggested in [1]. This approach is based on non­local symmetry of differential...

Parasupersymmetric Quantum Mechanics with Arbitrary p and N

Zoya SYMENOH
Pages: 90 - 95
The generalization of parasupersymmetric quantum mechanics generated by an arbitrary number of parasupercharges and characterized by an arbitrary order of paraquantization is given. The relations for parasuperpotentials are obtained. It is shown that parasuperpotentials can be explicitly expressed via...

Peristaltic MHD Flow of Third Grade Fluid with an Endoscope and Variable Viscosity

T Hayat, Ebrahim Momoniat, Fazal M Mahomed
Pages: 91 - 104
This investigation deals with the mechanism of peristaltic transport of a non-Newtonian, incompressible and electrically conducting fluid with variable viscosity and an endoscope effects. The magnetic Reynolds number is taken to be small. The mechanical properties of the material are represented by the...

Coupling Nonlinear Sigma-Matter to Yang-Mills Fields: Symmetry Breaking Patterns

M. Calixto, V. Aldaya, F. F. Lopez-Ruiz, E. Sanchez-Sastre
Pages: 91 - 101
We extend the traditional formulation of Gauge Field Theory by incorporating the (non- Abelian) gauge group parameters (traditionally simple spectators) as new dynamical (nonlinearsigma- model-type) fields. These new fields interact with the usual Yang-Mills fields through a generalized minimal coupling...

Group Invariant Solution and Conservation Law for a Free Laminar Two-Dimensional Jet

D P MASON
Pages: 92 - 101
A group invariant solution for a steady two-dimensional jet is derived by considering a linear combination of the Lie point symmetries of Prandtl's boundary layer equations for the jet. Only two Lie point symmetries contribute to the solution and the ratio of the constants in the linear combination is...

Quantization of Soliton Cellular Automata

Demosthenes ELLINAS, Elena P. PAPADOPOULOU, Yiannis G. SARIDAKIS
Pages: 93 - 99
A method of quantization of classical soliton cellular automata (QSCA) is put forward that provides a description of their time evolution operator by means of quantum cicuits that involve quantum gates from which the associated Hamiltonian describing a quantum chain model is constructed. The intrinsic...

Essential Spectrum Due to Singularity

Pavel KURASOV, Serguei NABOKO
Pages: 93 - 106
It is proven that the essential spectrum of any self-adjoint operator associated with the matrix differential expression

Groups of Order Less Than 32 and Their Endomorphism Semigroups

Peeter PUUSEMP
Pages: 93 - 101
It is proved that among the finite groups of order less than 32 only the tetrahedral group and the binary tetrahedral group are not determined by their endomorphism semigroups in the class of all groups.

Particles and Strings in a 2 + 1-D Integrable Quantum Model

I.G. KOREPANOV
Pages: 94 - 119
We give a review of some recent work on generalization of the Bethe ansatz in the case of 2 + 1-dimensional models of quantum field theory. As such a model, we consider one associated with the tetrahedron equation, i.e. the 2+1-dimensional generalization of the famous Yang­Baxter equation. We construct...

Bispectrality for deformed Calogero­Moser­Sutherland systems

Misha FEIGIN
Pages: 95 - 136
We prove bispectral duality for the generalized Calogero­Moser­Sutherland systems related to configurations An,2(m), Cn(l, m). The trigonometric axiomatics of the Baker­Akhiezer function is modified, the dual difference operators of rational Madonald type and the Baker­Akhiezer functions related to both...

A geometric interpretation of the complex tensor Riccati equation for Gaussian beams

M F DAHL
Pages: 95 - 111
We study the complex Riccati tensor equation DcG + GCG - R = 0 on a geodesic c on a Riemannian 3-manifold. This non-linear equation appears in the study of Gaussian beams. Gaussian beams are asymptotic solutions to hyperbolic equations that at each time instant are concentrated around one point in space....

Burchnall-Chaundy Theory for q-Difference Operators and q-Deformed Heisenberg Algebras

Daniel LARSSON, Sergei D SILVESTROV
Pages: 95 - 106
This paper is devoted to an extension of Burchnall-Chaundy theory on the inteplay between algebraic geometry and commuting differential operators to the case of q-difference operators.

Lie Algebras of Approximate Symmetries

Rafail K. GAZIZOV
Pages: 96 - 101
Properties of approximate symmetries of equations with a small parameter are discussed. It turns out that approximate symmetries form an approximate Lie algebra. A concept of approximate invariants is introduced and the algorithm of their calculating is proposed.

Global Dissipative Solutions of the Generalized Camassa-Holm Equation

Octavian G Mustafa
Pages: 96 - 115
A new approach to the analysis of wave-breaking solutions to the generalized Camassa-Holm equation is presented in this paper. Introduction of a set of variables allows for solving the singularities. A continuous semigroup of dissipative solutions is also built. The solutions have non-increasing H1 energy...

Integrability and Explicit Solutions in Some Bianchi Cosmological Dynamical Systems

J CHAVARRIGA, I A GARCIA
Pages: 96 - 105
The Einstein field equations for several cosmological models reduce to polynomial systems of ordinary differential equations. In this paper we shall concentrate our attention to the spatially homogeneous diagonal G2 cosmologies. By using Darboux's theory in order to study ordinary differential equations...