Proceedings of the Conference on Advances in Communication and Control Systems-2013

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143 articles

PENETRATION PHENOMENON OF LIGHT THROUGH DAILY USE PRODUCTS- MILK AND OIL

Manav Jain, Mohammad Jawaid Siddiqui
Though optical fibres have many advantages, they have noticeable disadvantages as well. So there is a need to look for other alternatives. This paper explores the penetration phenomenon of the light through some daily use products like milk and oil. Some of the light will be absorbed when passed through...

New Multi Level Spreading Codes for DS CDMA Communication

K. USHA, K. JAYA SANKAR
Spreading codes are used to distinguish users and spread the signal to occupy much wider band width than the minimum required band width. Spreading codes are also called as user codes. Walsh, Gold and Kasami codes are the popularly used Binary (2-level) user codes. This paper proposes new multi level...

Dynamic Partial Reconfiguration for Discrete Cosine Transform Computation

Bhavesh Jaiswal, Nagendra Gajjar
Discrete Cosine Transform is one of the most important building blocks for the emerging video coding standard, H.264. In this paper, architecture for DCT computation, a hardware intensive operation, using dynamic partial reconfiguration is proposed. Field programmable gate array (FPGA), due to inherent...

Dynamic Performance Analysis of Three Phase Induction Motor with Single Phasing

Mohamed Samir, Gagan Singh, Nafees Ahmed, Husain Ahmed
Abstract Induction motors are the most widely used among the all available drives. Particularly squirrel cage motor are rugged, cheaper , lighter , smaller, more efficient requiring lower maintenance and can operate in explosive environment. Under normal operating condition machines are used with three...

Design of U Shaped Microstrip Patch Antenna for Dual Band Frequency Application

Paritosh Kumar, M. Chandan, R.K. Prasad
In this paper we present a proposed design for U shaped rectangular micro strip patch antenna. Using proposed antenna design and coaxial feeding techniques at proper position, we receive the resultant bandwidth as a dual band bandwidth. We are using IE3D simulation software for designing and analysis....

Routing Overheads in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks(VANETs)

Swati Arya, Jyoti Tewari
VANETs is a subclass of Mobile ad hoc networks which provides a distinguished approach for Intelligent Transport System .It should be capable to handle high rate, often interrupt in connection .The quality of received wireless signal level degraded due to path-loss from various obstacles in path as a...

Near field Communication

VIBHOR SHARMA, PREETI GUSAIN, PRASHANT KUMAR
Near Field Communication (NFC) technology is being grown up at enormous speed. NFC technology provides the fastest way to communicate two devices with in a fraction of second. This technology has only been implemented on smart phones so far. Like Bluetooth it works only in short range and data transfer...

Tracking System For Atmospheric Data Monitoring Weather Balloon Interfaced With GPS And GSM

Nishant Singh Bisht, Pankaj Tiwari, Shashank Mishra, Rajesh Singh, Pawan Kumar Nanduri
Technology is getting advance day by day and it is providing the better life-style to human-beings. But when it comes to the safety and security of the people, the advancement of technology seems lacking. So as per the security and safety concern, the Global Positioning System (GPS) is a real innovation...

Microstrip Patch Ante nna- A Historical Pe rspe ctive of the Developme nt

B.D. Patel
This paper presents a historical perspective of the development of microstrip antennas. A survey on microst ip antenna papers is conducted to evaluate the evolution of the research activity on the topic since the last 40 years. T he early years of the microstrip technology and microstrip antennas are...

Comparative study of different Parameters of MANET Routing Protocol for different Buffer Size

YASHI RAJVANSHI, SEEMA RAHUL, SANJAY KUMAR MAURYA, SANDIP VIJAY
In this Paper I have taken the different buffer (packet) size for different Routing Protocols and study the different performance matrices where we will get the optimize result and where we will get the worst result i.e. where we get the maximum packets and where packet reception at receiver is minimum..In...

Scheduling Algorithms for Dynamic Spectrum Sharing

Jose Thomas Vembadanthara
The secondary service is able to access the spectrum allocated to primary service through spectrum sharing mechanisms. Cognitive radio technology which enables secondary users to share spectrum with primary users in an opportunistic manner can be implemented for this. Scheduling or resource allocation...

A Hybrid Algorithm Of Gabor Filter and Gaussian Distribution Feature Extraction Techniques for Facial Expression Recognition

Aruna Bhadu, Hardyal Singh Shekhawat, Vijay Kumar, Tarun Kumar
Facial expression recognition is necessary for designing any human-machine interfaces. Facial expression plays an important role in the recognition of human emotions and non verbal communication. Human face is a rich and powerful source of communicative information about human behavior. In this dissertation...

Design of Circularly Polarized Rectangular Patch Antenna with single cut

Prafull Ranjan, Saurabh Mishra
The focus of this paper is on our contributions towards Single feed circularly polarized antennas. Single feed circularly polarized antennas are currently receiving much attention. Circular polarization is beneficial because current and future commercial and military applications require the additional...

Weighted Dynamic Bi-connected Group based Replica Allocation method for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

Sweta Jain, Meenu Chawla, Nitin Gupta
Accessing remote services and data is one of the most important applications in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. Data replication is one of the most popular techniques used to increase data availability by replicating frequently accessed data items locally or nearby. In MANETs, data replication helps to avoid...

DDC and DUC Filters in SDR platforms

RAVI KISHORE KODALI, SEETA RAMI REDDY KONDAPALLI, LAKSHMI BOPPANA
Software Defined Radio (SDR) platforms make use of Digital Down Converter (DDC) and Digital Up Converter (DUC), while performing baseband processing. In this paper, various filters being used in DDC as well as DUC sections of two different SDR platforms, USRPB100 and USRPN210 are considered. A simulation...

Intellegent Traffic Light Control System for Isolated Intersection Using Fuzzy Logic

JAVED ALAM, M. K. PANDEY, HUSAIN AHMED
Traffic is the major problem which every country faces because of the increase in number of vehicles throughout the world, particularly in large urban areas. Therefore the need arises for simulating and optimizing traffic control algorithms to better accommodate this increasing demand. Fuzzy optimization...

Comparing Delay Tolerant Network Routing Protocols for Optimizing L-Copies in Spray and Wait Routing for Minimum Delay

Anjula Mehto, Meenu Chawla
Delay Tolerant Network (DTN) is special type of wireless mobile ad hoc network characterized by intermittent connectivity, long or variable delay, asymmetric data rate and high error rates. In this paper we compare some of the well-known routing protocols namely Epidemic, Spray and Wait (SaW), Probabilistic...

Challanges in Cementing Energy Efficiency Through Smartgrid in INDIA

ANAMIKA SINGH, PIYUSH VERMA
Whether electricity is a chattel or a premium non –core service The more beatifically this’ll justify, will restructure the way of transportation and the use of electricity, resultantly foster the gaining momentum concept called SMARTGRID. The Indian electric grid is suffering from the lack of communication...

Super- efficient Equipment and Appliance developement (SEAD): Global Conjunction in Energy Efficiency

ANAMIKA SINGH, PIYUSH VERMA
Energy Efficiency Policy has been identified as a measure to tackle climate change related issues globally. SEAD is developed to promote the multi-country collaboration and for exchange of information and learnings on energy efficiency. To strengthen and nourish the energy efficiency movement, Government...

Low Cost Robotic Wheel Chair for Disabled People in Developing Countries

Vivek Kaundal, Rajesh Singh, Anant Wadhwa, Shashank Mishra, Aadhar Rastogi
There is a need of a mean of locomotion for people with walking disabilities. While many problems can be answered by crutches but there are some cases where crutches might not be able to resolve the problem completely. The answer is the wheel chair. In today’s time, with the advancement in technology,...

Performance Study of Power Control Method for Chopper Fed Separately Excited DC (Direct Current)-Drive using PSIM

Anant Kumar Verma, Gagan Singh
This paper presents conventional Power control method for Separately Excited DC motor using specifically designed simulation software package PSIM for Power Electronics and motor control. Armature voltage control is preferred because of high efficiency and good speed regulation for dc motors. The speed...

Performance Evaluation of H.264 AVC Using CABAC Entropy Coding For Image Compression

P.S.Jagadeesh Kumar, Gagan Singh
The proposed paper aims in evaluating the performance of H.264/MPEG-4 part 10, “Advanced Video Coding” standard using CABAC entropy coding for compression of different types of images. The performance evaluation is based on the metrics such as compression ratio and PSNR at different bits per pixel (Bpp)....

Bluetooth Protocal and mobile Computing Networks

Susmit Paul
The protocol uses Bluetooth wireless connections as a communications medium. The protocol can be used to transfer various file formats such as image or audio files. The protocol also identifies the language content of the information file. Future work on this protocol involves increasing Bluetooth ranges...

Parameter Estimation of LFM Signal in the Presence of non-Gaussian Noise

Sajjad Malekee, Mahmoud Mayiami, Seyed Reza Haydarinik, Seyed Mohammad Alavi
In this paper, a method is proposed for chirp rate and initial frequency estimation in the presence of non-Gaussian noise. In this approach, the noise is considered a component of signal phase. After extracting the phase of received signal, we estimate the parameters of interest by using the linear estimators....

Make Web Page Instant: By Integrating Web-Cache and Web-Prefetching

Mahesh Manchanda, Neena Gupta
As the Internet continues its exponential growth, two of the major problems that today’s Web users are suffering from are the network congestion and Web Server overloading. Web caching and pre-fetching are well known strategies for improving the performance of Internet systems. Web caching techniques...

Modified iterative sphere decoding algorithm in LTE system

Qin Zhu, Xiao-wen Li
In the long-term evolution (LTE) system, channel equalization makes compensation to restore the original signal, the paper puts forward iteration sphere decoding algorithm which combines traditional sphere decoding and the improved QR based on the conventional QR decomposition detection algorithm. It...

Minitaturize Hexagonal-Shaped Fractal Slot Microstrip Antenna for WLAN Application Using DGS

M. Samreen, Roshni Chaudhari, Shailesh Khant
This paper presents a scheme of designing proportional-derivative (PD) observer for chaotic systems. The proposed design is based on contraction theory approach. For this purpose, co-ordinate transformation of variables are used to avoid derivatives of output in observer. Results are numerically verified...

Error Minimization For Language-Independent Speaker Identification System

Ajay Kumar Mishra, Amit Kaul
In this paper, error of intra-speaker speech of a language-independent speaker identification system is minimized. Well-known Mel Frequency Cepstral coefficients {MFCCs} have been used for feature extraction. The decision threshold is located at the point where the probabilities of both errors are equal....

Design and Analysis Of Extended C-Shaped Microstrip Patch Antenna For Wideband Application

D.K. Srivastava, Diwakar Singh, Amit Kumar Gupta, R.K. Prasad
This paper presents a survey of extended C-shaped Microstrip patch antenna. The extended C-shaped Microstrip antenna is designed and simulated using IE3D software Ver.15.2. The substrate thickness is taken as 1.6 mm, dielectric constant of 4.2, loss tangent of 0.0013. The obtained bandwidth is 31.15%,...

Performance Analysis of Spread Spectrum Techniques

Astha Singh
In this paper we had analyzed the spread spectrum techniques in a broader sense, in context of their performance. Spread spectrum is an increasingly important form of encoding for wireless communications. It can be used to transmit either analog or digital data, using an analog signal. The basic idea...

Electricity Generation through Road Ribs using law of Electromagnetic Induction

Parul Bisht, Rajni Rawat
Recognizing the importance of developing renewable energy resources, the Highways Agency commissioned a preliminary scoping study in 2001 to explore available methods and assess the possibility of renewable energy generation being exploited within the highway network. Among the various means of transportation,...

Ventricular Premature Beat Detection in ECG using Correlation Techniques

Shahanaz Ayub, J. P. Saini
Correlation techniques are used to find whether the electrocardiogram (ECG) is normal or abnormal. These correlation techniques could be further used to detect the type of abnormality present in the abnormal ECG. Reference ECG signals could be stored for all type of abnormalities and the test ECG signal...

A Novel Static Clustering Scheme for Energy-efficient Routing in Wireless Sensor Network

Rakesh Kumar Saini, Sandip Vijay
Low-Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH) is one of the most popular distributed cluster-based routing protocols in wireless sensor networks. Clustering algorithm of the LEACH is simple but offers no guarantee about even distribution of cluster heads over the network. LEACH doesn’t ensure even...

Analyzing Impact of TDMA MAC Framing Structure on Network Throughput for Tactical MANET Waveforms

Bhupendra Suman, LC Mangal, SC Sharma
With the advancement of networking technology it is anticipated to have Internet like functionality in tactical network. However, unlike commercial network the tactical networks operate under severe environment and resources constraints. Moreover, the MANET architecture and shared resources of wireless...

Comparison between Bit Error Rate And Signal To Noise Ratio in OFDM Using LSE Algorithm

Raghav Pandey, Ashwani Awasthi, Vikas Srivastava
In this paper we are going to investigate the performance of Least Squares Error (LSE) Algorithm in OFDM channel estimation. It is based on the energy of pilot tones and data symbols. We first calculate the mean square error (MSE) of the LS channel estimate. LSE algorithm is used to enhance the channel...

Low Cost Hardware Design of a Web Server for Home Automation Systems

Sandeep Patel, Punit Gupta, Mayank Kumar Goyal, Alok Agarwal
In the present scenario the world is moving towards automated systems. To design a hardware which is able to interact via internet is a challenging task in design of any automation system. A new term known as ’Internet of things’ also faces the same kind challenge, of interfacing a dumb electronic terminal...

Tracking of Ballastic Missiles and Velocity Measurement using Frame Distance Manipulation

Vimal Kumar Mishra, Kumar Rajeev Ranjan
In order to measure the velocity of a missile, several models have been discussed in this paper. It deals with the tracking and following of single/multiple missile in a sequence of frames and the velocity of the missile is determined. Algorithms have been developed for improving the image quality, segmenta-...

Lightweight Trust Aggregation Through Lightweight Vibrations for Trust Accumulation in Resource Constraint Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs)

Adarsh Kumar, Krishna Gopal, Alok Aggarwal
Evaluating the trust of participating entities increases the security and collaboration among members. This work presents the trust accumulation schemes using lightweight vibration signals. In all scenarios virtual nodes are considered to create subgroup in close vicinity. It is observed that trust accumulation...

Mobile Applications -Vulnerability Assessment Through the Static and Dynamic Analysis

Sreenivasa Rao Basavala, Narendra Kumar, Alok Aggarwal
In the recent day’s mobile applications usage is increasing by banking and financial institutes, health and hospital management systems such as mobile banking apps, e-commerce apps, news feeds, inpatient and outpatient information, social networking apps and game apps etc. All these mobile applications...

ZIGBEE Based Parameter Monitoring and Controlling System for Induction Machine

Mohit Kumar, Mohnish Sharma, Rishabh Narayan, Sumit Joshi, Sanjay Kumar
Nowadays the automation has become a basic need for the industries. Induction Motors are the nerves of many industries. Hence Industrial automation is required for precise and accurate operation. This paper proposes a wireless control and monitoring system for an induction motor based on Zigbee communication...

Kerberos Based Secure Communication in Wireless Sensor Networks

Kriti Jain, Upasans Bahuguna, Neeti Bisht
The wireless sensor network is an emerging field that combines sensing, computation, and communication into a single tiny device. As sensor networks frame closer towards well-known deployment, security issues become a vital concern. So far, much work has focused on making sensor networks realistic and...

The Role of Information Technology in Knowledge Management

Mitali Chugh, Neeraj Chugh, Agarwal Punia, Agarwal D.K.
Knowledge is a vital resource for corporate competitiveness and there are number of information technology solutions that provide support to knowledge management. One of the relevant issue to be discussed is- Role of IT in success or failure for implementation of KM. The purpose of this study is to explore...

Marker-less Detection of Virtual Objects using Augmented Reality

Prakhar Kapoor, Usama Ghufran, Manan Gupta, Alok Agarrwal
We present marker less camera tracking and user interface methodology for readily inspecting augmented reality (AR) objects in wearable computing applications. Instead of markers, human hand is used as a distinctive pattern that almost all wearable computer users have readily available. We present a...

Artificial Intelligence Applications for Speech Recognition

Raghvendra Priyam, Rashmi Kumari, Videh Kishori Thakur
Artificial intelligence involves two basic ideas. First, it involves studying the thought processes of human beings. Second, it deals with representing those processes via machines (like computers, robots, etc.). One of the main benefits of speech recognition system is that it lets user do other works...

Tracking System For Atmospheric Data Monitoring Weather Balloon Interfaced With GPS And GSM

Nishant Singh Bisht, Pankaj Tiwari, Shashank Mishra, Rajesh Singh
Technology is getting advance day by day and it is providing the better life-style to human-beings. But when it comes to the safety and security of the people, the advancement of technology seems lacking. So as per the security and safety concern, the Global Positioning System (GPS) is a real innovation...

A Probe Feed Multi-band Reconfigurable Slot Patch Antenna

Umesh Kumar, Shalini Sah,, Aijaz Ahmed, M. R. Tripathy
A novel compact reconfigurable multiband antenna is proposed. The antenna is designed with the 40mm x 40mm substrate with the dielectric constant of 10.2 and the thickness of 1.27mm. the substrate used is Roger RT/Duroid 6010. By achieving the switching multiband functionality, this antenna is almost...

Database Development and Comparative Analysis of Isolated, Spoken Hindi Hybrid Paired Words & Spoken Hindi Partially Reduplicated Words Using Endpoint Detection

Varsha Gupta, Anuj Kumar Sharma, Anand Singh
This paper describes the database development of three different types of spoken words Isolated, Spoken Hindi Hybrid Paired Words and Spoken Hindi Partially Reduplicated words. The main focus is on the comparative analysis of these Words by using endpoint detection algorithm. The development is done...

COMPARITIVE STUDY OF RETURN-LOSS FOR SINGLE AND DUAL INSET-FED MICROSTRIP ANTENNA

Ajay Singh, Raj Gusain, S. C. Gupta, Sandip Vijay
A comparison of return-lose for different configuration of inset-fed microstrip patch antenna is shown in this paper. Here single patch of microstrip antenna is fed by single and double inset-microstrip feeds separately in different configurations (i.e. their dimensions are kept same only numbers of...

Performance Analysis of Pre-detection and Post-detection Diversity reception schemes for Mobile Satellite Systems.

Sonika Singh, Sandip Vijay, Gagan Singh
For mobile satellite systems, quality of service and service availability depend on the line-of-sight satellite availability. The satellite visibility is one of the major factors which influence satellite link availability, since the satellite channel behavior is depended on the link conditions between...

Spiral-shaped High Isolated Monopole MIMO/Diversity Antenna for Small Mobile Terminals

Hari Shankar Singh, Gaurav Kumar Pandey, Pradutt Kumar Bharti, Manoj Kumar Meshram
In this paper a spiral-shaped monopole like MIMO/Diversity antenna is proposed for mobile handsets. The proposed MIMO antenna covers the frequency bands LTE700 (777-787), GPS-L1 (1565-1595), and WLAN (2400- 2480). The isolation between ports is below -20dB for LTE, -21dB for GPS-L1, and -18 dB for WLAN...