Proceedings of the Conference on Advances in Communication and Control Systems-2013

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143 articles

Live EHCPRs System

Deepa Chaudhary, N K Jain
A thinking machine is a system that perceives its environment, learns from it, and interacts with it intelligently as par the requirement in the prevailing situation. Knowledge representation in the EHCPRs system by employing multi encryption will enhance its learning; give better understanding, imagination...

Routing Overheads in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks(VANETs)

Swati Arya, Jyoti Tewari
VANETs is a subclass of Mobile ad hoc networks which provides a distinguished approach for Intelligent Transport System .It should be capable to handle high rate, often interrupt in connection .The quality of received wireless signal level degraded due to path-loss from various obstacles in path as a...

Simulation and Analysis of Controllers of DSTATCOM for Power Quality Improvement

Gunjan Varshney
Power quality is an issue that is becoming increasingly important to electricity consumers at all levels of usage. Sensitive power electronic equipment and non-linear loads are widely used in industrial, commercial and domestic applications leading to distortion in voltage and current waveforms. The...

Low Cost Robotic Wheel Chair for Disabled People in Developing Countries

Vivek Kaundal, Rajesh Singh, Anant Wadhwa, Shashank Mishra, Aadhar Rastogi
There is a need of a mean of locomotion for people with walking disabilities. While many problems can be answered by crutches but there are some cases where crutches might not be able to resolve the problem completely. The answer is the wheel chair. In today’s time, with the advancement in technology,...

Design and Implementation of Wireless Handheld Device For Android Cell Phone

Poonam T. Bedarkar, Shanti Swamy
This paper investigates a portable system for remote monitoring of cardiac activity. In this paper we present a low cost, handheld device with wireless transmission for real time ECG acquisition so that we can archive and visualize both in a mobile phone and a PC. With the recent advance in technology,...

Performance Study of Power Control Method for Chopper Fed Separately Excited DC (Direct Current)-Drive using PSIM

Anant Kumar Verma, Gagan Singh
This paper presents conventional Power control method for Separately Excited DC motor using specifically designed simulation software package PSIM for Power Electronics and motor control. Armature voltage control is preferred because of high efficiency and good speed regulation for dc motors. The speed...

Current Controlled Current-Mode SITO Biquad Universal Filter Using CCTAs

Chetan Chauhan, Ravindra Tomar, S. V. Singh, D. S. Chauhan
This paper presents a current controlled current-mode single input three output (SITO) biquad universal filter employing current conveyor trans-conductance amplifiers (CCTAs) as active element. It consists of two CCTAs, two grounded capacitors and three grounded resistors. The proposed filter simultaneously...

Development of a Planer Microstrip Metametarial Resonator for Wideband Applications

Nitin Kumar, S.C. Gupta
This paper introduces a new, planar microstrip metamaterial resonator, using two circular split-ring resonators, and an array of conducting wires. The structure was simulated from 1MHz to 15GHz showing negative refractive index in several frequency ranges with wideband characteristics. The s-parameter...

Impact of Packet Rate on Routing Protocols In Vehicular Communication System Using realistic movement patterns

Anil Kumar Bisht, Rabindra Singh
Vehicular Ad-hoc Network (VANET) has now been proven as a new emerging technology from the domain of ad-hoc networks that can be used to get better road safety and comfort of the passengers inside the vehicles. However due to mobility constraints and high dynamics, routing the time-critical information...

A Dual Band Microstrip Patch Antanna With Circular Polarization

NAZIA HASAN, S.C. Gupta
This paper proposes design of a microstrip patch antenna having circular polarization. To achieve circular polarization two slots are created at 45o and 135o in ‘X’ shape, at centre of the patch. This antenna has dual band characteristics at 3.6GHz and 3.5GHz, the polarization at 3.6GHz is circular while...

Performance Evaluation of H.264 AVC Using CABAC Entropy Coding For Image Compression

P.S.Jagadeesh Kumar, Gagan Singh
The proposed paper aims in evaluating the performance of H.264/MPEG-4 part 10, “Advanced Video Coding” standard using CABAC entropy coding for compression of different types of images. The performance evaluation is based on the metrics such as compression ratio and PSNR at different bits per pixel (Bpp)....

Stability Analysis of Autopilot Systems For Ballistic Missile Using MATLAB

A.J.ARUN JEYA PRAKASH, M. RAJA, SHIKHA GUPTA, SOORYA KUMAR, YADVENDER SINGH DHILLON
This paper deals with the modelling and stability analysis of the Automatic Flight Control systems for a Ballistic Missile using Matlab. The Root Locus Analysis of the System is programmed in Matlab for four different transfer functions corresponding to different Aerodynamic Coefficients for the Vanguard...

Wireless Sensor Network: Quality of Services Parameters and Analysis

Nikhil Ranjan, Garima Krishna
WSN term can be generally sensed as devices range from laptops, PDAs or mobile phones to very tiny sensing devices. At present, most available wireless sensor devices are significantly controlled in terms of computational power, memory, efficiency and communication capabilities due to economic and technology...

Mobile Agent Migration Strategy using Itinerary Graph and Neural Network

Nripesh Chauhan, Manjeet Singh
Mobile agents (MA) needs to migrate to several host to accomplish its task .Migration strategy is responsible for planning out an optimal migration path ,which ensures mobile agent to complete its task correctly and efficiently at the minimum cost .This paper describe the strategy adopted by a mobile...

Near field Communication

VIBHOR SHARMA, PREETI GUSAIN, PRASHANT KUMAR
Near Field Communication (NFC) technology is being grown up at enormous speed. NFC technology provides the fastest way to communicate two devices with in a fraction of second. This technology has only been implemented on smart phones so far. Like Bluetooth it works only in short range and data transfer...

Performance Analysis of AODV, DYMO and Bellman Routing Protocols in Mobile Ad-Hoc Network

SEEMA RAHUL, SANJAY KUMAR MAURYA, YASHI RAJVANSHI, SANDIP VIJAY
One of the major challenges in wireless ad hoc network is the design of robust routing protocols. The routing protocols are designed basically to established correct and efficient paths between source and destination. In the recent years several routing protocols have been proposed in literature and...

Bluetooth Protocal and mobile Computing Networks

Susmit Paul
The protocol uses Bluetooth wireless connections as a communications medium. The protocol can be used to transfer various file formats such as image or audio files. The protocol also identifies the language content of the information file. Future work on this protocol involves increasing Bluetooth ranges...

Partial Transmit Sequence (PTS)-PAPR Reduction Technique in OFDM Systems with Reduced Complexity

Nikhil Arora, Prem Singh
OFDM systems have the inherent problem of a high peak to average power ratio (PAPR). OFDM Suffers as the no of Sub- carriers operating in the large dynamic range operates in the non-linear region of amplifier due to OFDM suffer the PAPR problem Application of high power amplifiers results in increased...

Virtual Fencing for Animals Managment Using RF Module

Ashita Vermani, Vidhi Rana, Surabhi Govil
This paper presents protecting and maintaining biodiversity. Grazing system employed today demands for new fencing techniques.Here RF module based virtual fencing is proposed. The main object of system aims at whenever the object (animal) tried to cross the range of transmitter, the receiver part will...

Text Security using 2D Cellular Automata Rules

Pratibha Sharma, Niranjan Lal, Manoj Diwakar
This paper deals with the secure transmission of text. Encryption is the most common method for hiding text from unauthorized access. Encryption provides only one level of security during transmission over the channel. The aim of this paper would be to provide 2 levels of security. First level comprises...

Texture Extraction in Video Tracking with Comparison of LBP and DWT

M. Sangam, Niranjan Lal, Manoj Diwakar
Object tracking using mean shift algorithm based on similarity between features of target region and candidate region. Candidate region is the current frame of tracking process. For similarity calculation color histogram and texture features are used. For texture feature extraction there are two methods...

Bandwidth Enhancement With Proximity Coupled Stacked Circular Patch Configuration with Defected Ground Structures for WLAN Applications

Roshni Chaudhari, M. Samreen, S.B. Khant
This paper propose configuration of new wideband microstrip patch antenna for wireless communication such as WLAN. A new novel stacked with circular shape patch is presented with wide impedance bandwidth of 19.14 % is achieved. The antenna structure is designed and simulated. Simulated results for return...

Comparative Analysis of Image Restoration Algorithms Using Safety Window

Sunita Sunita, Chanda Thapliyal
In this paper a comparative performance analysis is carried out among three different clutter removal algorithms such as Max filter, Min filter, and Geometric Mean filter. New algorithms for these three filters with safety window, to reduce the bias, due to the target are proposed in this paper. These...

Design of PD Observers For SPROTT Chaotic Systems

Manish Kumar Vaisnav, Bharat Bhusan Sharma
This paper presents a scheme of designing proportional-derivative (PD) observer for chaotic systems. The proposed design is based on contraction theory approach. For this purpose, co-ordinate transformation of variables are used to avoid derivatives of output in observer. Results are numerically verified...

Minitaturize Hexagonal-Shaped Fractal Slot Microstrip Antenna for WLAN Application Using DGS

M. Samreen, Roshni Chaudhari, Shailesh Khant
This paper presents a scheme of designing proportional-derivative (PD) observer for chaotic systems. The proposed design is based on contraction theory approach. For this purpose, co-ordinate transformation of variables are used to avoid derivatives of output in observer. Results are numerically verified...

A Low Power Dual Modulus Prescaler

Nikhil R. Shimpi, Shilpa P. Kodgire
CMOS refers to both, reduction in size and power consumption. Here, the Dual Modulus Prescaler is to be fabricated in 90 nm technology. It basically comprises of AND logic which controls the pulses produced at the output i.e. 1 or 2 pulses that need to be generated at the output, from 256/257 input pulses...

Comparison of LSB and Subband DCT Technique for Image Watermarking

Yogesh Jadav
Digital Image watermarking is the process of hiding the digital data in the Image. It is used to protect the content of Image by insertion of digital mark into the Image. In this paper Least Significant Bit (LSB) based spatial domain technique and Sub band Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) domain techniques...

Design And Analysis Of Dual Frequency Band E-Shaped Microstrip Patch Antenna

R. K. Prasad, Amit Kumar Gupta, D. K. Srivastava, J. P. Saini
This paper presents the designing and analysis of a E-shaped microstrip patch antenna. Our main aim is to design an antenna structure which can operate in more than one frequency bands which increases the utilization of the antenna in multiple applications. To achieve this aim a E-shaped microstrip patch...

Digital Image Processing of Remotely Sensed Satellite Images for Information Extraction

MINAKSHI KUMAR, R. K. Singh
Remote Sensing (RS) refers to the science of identification of earth surface features by measuring portion of reflected or emitted electromagnetic radiation from earth’s surface by sensors onboard manmade satellites orbiting around the earth. The output of a remote sensing system is usually an image...

Pseudo-chaotic sequence generation by Piece Wise Linear (PWL) maps and dependence of its properties on characteristics of PWL map

Navin Anwani
Chaos, which used to be one of the worst enemies of electrical engineers, is nowadays deliberately employed for secure communication. Such systems employing chaotic sequences are called as Chaotic Communication Systems. For ease of implementation pseudo chaotic sequences, generated by Piece-Wise Linear...

Error Minimization For Language-Independent Speaker Identification System

Ajay Kumar Mishra, Amit Kaul
In this paper, error of intra-speaker speech of a language-independent speaker identification system is minimized. Well-known Mel Frequency Cepstral coefficients {MFCCs} have been used for feature extraction. The decision threshold is located at the point where the probabilities of both errors are equal....

Smart wheel chair for physically handicapped people using tilt sensor and IEEE 802.15.4 standard protocol

Puneet Dobhal, Nishant Singh Bisht, Rajesh Singh, Bhupendra Singh, Shubham Murari
Approximately 6 million people in the world face the problem of disability due to paralysis of various degrees. Paralysis is caused by impairment of nervous system disabling the people from performing various common functions. This paper provides a wireless system that can be used by disabled people...

Design and Analysis Of Extended C-Shaped Microstrip Patch Antenna For Wideband Application

D.K. Srivastava, Diwakar Singh, Amit Kumar Gupta, R.K. Prasad
This paper presents a survey of extended C-shaped Microstrip patch antenna. The extended C-shaped Microstrip antenna is designed and simulated using IE3D software Ver.15.2. The substrate thickness is taken as 1.6 mm, dielectric constant of 4.2, loss tangent of 0.0013. The obtained bandwidth is 31.15%,...

Text Extraction and Recognition from an Image Using Image Processing In Matlab

Adesh Kumar, Pankil Ahuja, Rohit Seth
This project extracts the text from any image, including the famous number plate extraction and recognizes the text written. Text Extraction and recognition in general have quite a lot of relevant application for automatic indexing or information retrieval such document indexing, content-based image...

Simulation And Analysis of 10 Gbps APD Receiver with Dispersion Compensation

Vyas Drasti Atul, Sheetal K Patel, Shailesh B Khant
In this paper, a scheme is suggested to improve the bit error rate. By increasing the length of fiber dispersion increase.. To reduce dispersion, different compensation techniques are used. In this paper, APD receiver is used. There are three things to compensate dispersion such as Dispersion Compensation...

Tracking System For Atmospheric Data Monitoring Weather Balloon Interfaced With GPS And GSM

Nishant Singh Bisht, Pankaj Tiwari, Shashank Mishra, Rajesh Singh, Pawan Kumar Nanduri
Technology is getting advance day by day and it is providing the better life-style to human-beings. But when it comes to the safety and security of the people, the advancement of technology seems lacking. So as per the security and safety concern, the Global Positioning System (GPS) is a real innovation...

Microstrip Patch Ante nna- A Historical Pe rspe ctive of the Developme nt

B.D. Patel
This paper presents a historical perspective of the development of microstrip antennas. A survey on microst ip antenna papers is conducted to evaluate the evolution of the research activity on the topic since the last 40 years. T he early years of the microstrip technology and microstrip antennas are...

Integration of GPS/INS Navigation System with Application of Fuzzy Corrections

M. Raja, Harpreet Singh Sidhu,, N. Adhiyaman,Teja, A.K. Dharma
The integration of GPS/ INS based on Artificial Intelligence is presented.The data from GPS and Inertial Navigation System (INS) are used to construct a structured knowledge base consisting of behavior of INS in some special scenarios of vehicle motion. With the same data, the proposed fuzzy system is...

Design And Simulation of Internal Multiband Planar Inverted- F Antenna For Mobile Terminals

Neha Singh, R.P.S Gangwar
A multiband double L shaped internal PIFA with a parasitic element for wireless terminal is presented. With the proposed design scheme, a 5-band internal antenna that covers WLAN 2.4 GHz/ Bluetooth, WiMAX(2.3-2.4GHz), WiBro(2.30-2.39 GHz),WLAN 5.2 GHz and WLAN 5.8 GHz is simulated using commercial electromagnetic...

Simulation of QPSK Modulation Technique in CDMA System Using Rician Channel

Ashwani Awasthi, Deepak Singh, Vikas Srivastava
This paper presents a study of the QPSK (Quadrature Phase Shift Keying) modulation technique using rician channel in CDMA (Code division multiple access) systems. The selection of good modulation technique is a important factor for analyzing the performance of communication system. The simulated result...

Comparison between Bit Error Rate And Signal To Noise Ratio in OFDM Using LSE Algorithm

Raghav Pandey, Ashwani Awasthi, Vikas Srivastava
In this paper we are going to investigate the performance of Least Squares Error (LSE) Algorithm in OFDM channel estimation. It is based on the energy of pilot tones and data symbols. We first calculate the mean square error (MSE) of the LS channel estimate. LSE algorithm is used to enhance the channel...

Development of Semantic E-Learning Web using Protégé

Akhilesh Dwivedi, Aparna Bawankan
This paper holds a research about the Semantic Web and E-learning along with a proposed model for a Semantically Active E-Learning system. This system makes use of some E-Learning agents, semantic web services, ontologies and properties of ontology. Protégé is used to implement this E-Learning system.

Artificial Intelligence Applications for Speech Recognition

Raghvendra Priyam, Rashmi Kumari, Videh Kishori Thakur
Artificial intelligence involves two basic ideas. First, it involves studying the thought processes of human beings. Second, it deals with representing those processes via machines (like computers, robots, etc.). One of the main benefits of speech recognition system is that it lets user do other works...

Tracking System For Atmospheric Data Monitoring Weather Balloon Interfaced With GPS And GSM

Nishant Singh Bisht, Pankaj Tiwari, Shashank Mishra, Rajesh Singh
Technology is getting advance day by day and it is providing the better life-style to human-beings. But when it comes to the safety and security of the people, the advancement of technology seems lacking. So as per the security and safety concern, the Global Positioning System (GPS) is a real innovation...

A Probe Feed Multi-band Reconfigurable Slot Patch Antenna

Umesh Kumar, Shalini Sah,, Aijaz Ahmed, M. R. Tripathy
A novel compact reconfigurable multiband antenna is proposed. The antenna is designed with the 40mm x 40mm substrate with the dielectric constant of 10.2 and the thickness of 1.27mm. the substrate used is Roger RT/Duroid 6010. By achieving the switching multiband functionality, this antenna is almost...

Database Development and Comparative Analysis of Isolated, Spoken Hindi Hybrid Paired Words & Spoken Hindi Partially Reduplicated Words Using Endpoint Detection

Varsha Gupta, Anuj Kumar Sharma, Anand Singh
This paper describes the database development of three different types of spoken words Isolated, Spoken Hindi Hybrid Paired Words and Spoken Hindi Partially Reduplicated words. The main focus is on the comparative analysis of these Words by using endpoint detection algorithm. The development is done...

Protecting dynamic multicast session in optical networks

L.Nirmala Devi, V.M.Pandhari Pande
Recent advances in wavelength division Multiplexing (WDM) technology are expected to facilitate bandwidth –intensive multicast applications. However, a single fiber (bundle) cut on such a networks can disrupt the transmission of information to several destination nodes on a light tree based multicast...

COMPARITIVE STUDY OF RETURN-LOSS FOR SINGLE AND DUAL INSET-FED MICROSTRIP ANTENNA

Ajay Singh, Raj Gusain, S. C. Gupta, Sandip Vijay
A comparison of return-lose for different configuration of inset-fed microstrip patch antenna is shown in this paper. Here single patch of microstrip antenna is fed by single and double inset-microstrip feeds separately in different configurations (i.e. their dimensions are kept same only numbers of...

DESIGN ANALYSIS OF THREE AND FOUR INSET FEED MICROSTRIP PATCH ANTENNA

Raj Gusain, Ajay Singh, S. C. Gupta, Sandip Vijay
This paper presents comparison of three and four feed microstrip patch antenna. Return loss of the proposed antennas are analyzed at operating frequency range 1 to 10 GHz. The proposed antenna is simulated using HFSS11 software. The epoxy and inset feeding is used as the substrate material and designing...

Ventricular Premature Beat Detection in ECG using Correlation Techniques

Shahanaz Ayub, J.P. Saini
Correlation techniques are used to find whether the electrocardiogram (ECG) is normal or abnormal. These correlation techniques could be further used to detect the type of abnormality present in the abnormal ECG. Reference ECG signals could be stored for all type of abnormalities and the test ECG signal...