Transnational Advocacy in Increasing Women’s Representation in Myanmar’s Parliament
- 10.2991/icosihess-19.2019.91How to use a DOI?
- Women’s Representation, Transnational Advocacy, Myanmar, Boomerang Pattern, Logic of Appropriateness
Women in Myanmar have been underrepresented in all aspects, including in the parliament at the union and state/region level. However, the number of women’s representation in parliament at national and state/region level was significantly increasing from 3.7% in 2010 to 10.08% in 2015. The international pressure was signaled as the cause of the increasing number of women’s representation in Myanmar’s Parliament. This article is aimed to explain the transnational advocacy in increasing women’s representation in Myanmar’s Parliament. In order to analyze the process of advocacy, the authors used the Boomerang Pattern from Keck and Sikkink in explaining the Transnational Advocacy Networks (TANs). Besides, in understanding the change of state behavior, the authors reiterated the logic of appropriateness by March and Olsen. The data analyzed in this research was the secondary data using library research method. This research signified that the advocacy process for increasing the number of women in Myanmar’s Parliament is: 1) The local women’s movements establish the transnational network with the foreign NGOs due to a non-functioning channel to the government and; 2) The INGOs set the issue in international level and push some foreign states and the United Nations to pressure Myanmar. In return, the state changed its behavior and began to increase the women’s representation in the parliament.
- © 2019, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Nur Azizah AU - Muhammad Ammar Hidayahtulloh PY - 2019/10 DA - 2019/10 TI - Transnational Advocacy in Increasing Women’s Representation in Myanmar’s Parliament BT - Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Sustainable Innovation 2019 – Humanity, Education and Social Sciences (IcoSIHESS 2019) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 525 EP - 537 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/icosihess-19.2019.91 DO - 10.2991/icosihess-19.2019.91 ID - Azizah2019/10 ER -