Proceedings of the International Conference on Qur'an and Hadith Studies (ICQHS 2017)
A CONTEXTUAL METHOD OF INTERPRETING THE QUR'AN: A SEARCH FOR THE COMPATIBILITY OF ISLAM AND MODERNITY
The Qur'an, the Holy Book, the guidance for Muslims' lives, was revealed in Arabic. It is believed that Arabic was chosen as the language of the Qur'an, because of its compatibility with and capability of representing the meanings of God's message. As the Qur'an was sent down to the Earth in context,...
THE CURRENT STUDIES OF MUHAMMAD AND HIS HADITH IN THE WEST AND INDONESIA
Journal articles and book chapters have sought to survey the trends in the study of the biography of Muhammad and those in the study of the Hadith within Western and Islamic scholarships. In this paper, I trace briefly recent selected writings in English and in Indonesian on Muhammad and the Hadith for...
SHARED THEMES, DIFFERENT COUNTRIES: QUR'ANIC INTERPRETATION IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY INDONESIA AND EGYPT
Norbani B Ismail
This paper studies the interpretations of the Qur'an in the twentieth century Indonesia and Egypt. It examines the interpretation of Hamka and of al-Sha'rawi on verses related to women's issues such as gender equality, polygamy, and modesty. The study analyses their use of various exegetical tools that...
THE AUTHENTICITY OF HADITH NARRATED BY NAFI' THE MAWLA OF IBN 'UMAR
Abdul Hakim Wahid
Nafi' the mawla of Ibn Umar, the hadith narrator in the group of Asah al-Asanid is considered the unhistorical person and the traditions narrated by him are unaccountable because he does not qualify as a common link in the view of Juynboll. This article tries to prove the authenticity of traditions narrated...
TAFSIR AL-QUR'AN BI AL-QUR'AN AS A DISTINCTIVE METHODOLOGY
While many scholars consider tafsir al-Qur'an bi al-Qur'an (interpretation of the Qur'an with the Qur'an) to be part of tradition-based tafsir methodology, this view remains under question. This paper seeks to argue that it has become a methodology distinguishable from both tradition-based and reason-based...
ISRAILIAT CONTRIBUTION IN CONTEMPORARY EXEGESIS: (THE EFFORT TO ESTABLISH ISRAILIAT WHICH IS SILENCED "MAUQUF" AS A SOURCE OF AN INTERPRETATION)
This paper aims to re-understand the meaning of Israiliyat and its contribution in contemporary exegesis, especially Israiliyat which is mauquf by the mufassir. The author uses the theory of interpretation because this theory aims to produce an understanding of a text in contemporary situations. The...
THEMATIC SCIENTIFIC INTERPRETATION OF THE QUR'AN IN INDONESIA
M. Anwar Syarifuddin, Jauhar Azizy
This piece observes the new genre of Qur'an interpretation in modern Indonesia. The research is conducted by way of classifying a related typology for works on the thematic scientific interpretation of the Qur'an published in the period from the 1970s to 2015. Referring to the theory of structural exegesis...
TRINITY IN THE QUR'AN: A HISTORICAL ACCOUNT
Media Zainul Bahri
This article focuses on historical accounts about the different views between the Qur'an in the period of its formative in the 7th century and the official Christian church since the 3rd century AD. Theologically, what is meant by the Trinity in the Qur'an is a belief in three Gods: God (Allah), Jesus...
FREEDOM OF RELIGION IN RASHID RIDA'S PERSPECTIVE
Moh. Abdul Kholiq Hasan
Freedom of belief is the fundamental principle in Islam, but in the reality, it is often contravened and abrogated by war verses. Violence in the name of religion becomes its effect. This study discusses Rashid Rida's perspective on freedom of religion in his Tafsir Al Manar. This study is a library...
FREEDOM OF RELIGION IN QUR'ANIC PERSPECTIVES: THE INCLUSIVE INTERPRETATIONS OF CONTEMPORARY MUSLIM SCHOLARS
This article discusses the interpretations of Tabataba'i, Sayyid Qutb and Quraish Shihab on the verses of religious freedom in the Qur'an. Freedom of religion is a principle now accepted by almost all religious communities as a universal norm. As stated in the Qur'an, it includes both internal and external...
ASSIGNING MADINAH CHARTER ON THE DISCOURSE OF PLURALITY AND TOLERANCE
Madinah Charter is one of Nubuwah products that are in harmony with the principle of the Qur'an practices and Islam as the religion of Rahmatan Lil Alamin. This paper discusses the vision of plurality and rejection of intolerance in Indonesia through Madinah Charter as the epicenter of its analysis....
THE DISSEMINATED INTERPRETATIONS OF HAJJ FROM DHU AL-NUN TO AL-SHIBLI AND THE PROBLEMS OF CONTEMPORARY PILGRIMAGE
Moh. Anwar Syarifuddin
This piece discloses a clear portrait of the Sufis' understanding on Hajj. The focus of our discussion will be on how Sufis correlate the detailed performance of Hajj to the hidden indications of its spiritual significances. Employing two distinctly disseminated interpretations of Hajj by way of reconstructing...
AL-IKLIL FI MA'ANI AL-TANZIL AND FAMILY PLANNING IN INDONESIA
This article discusses tafsir Al-Iklil Fi Ma'ani Al-Tanzil, written by K.H. Misbah Mustafa with special reference to the social problem about keluarga berencana/KB (Family Planning). Based on the theory of sociology of knowledge Karl Mannheim, the article finds that Kiai Misbah's interpretation has been...
CHALLENGES OF PRACTICING QUR'ANIC VALUES IN MUSLIM MAJORITY COUNTRY
It starts from direct observations of the life of the community where the writer lives, Jambi province, and other regions where the writer has visited in Indonesia as well as a number of Muslim-majority countries in the Middle East and non-Muslims in Asia, Australia, America and Europe and is enriched...
FILIAL PIETY IN ISLAM AND CONFUCIANISM [A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN AHADITH AND THE ANALECTS]
M. Ikhsan Tanggok
This paper concerns the issue of respect for one's parents in the context of Islamic and Confucian teachings. It is a comparative study between the teachings of these two traditions about this topic. In Islam, the concept of respect for one's parents is derived from the Quran and the ahadith of the Prophet...
CONTEXTUALITY VS UNIVERSALITY OF THE HADITH: METHODOLOGICAL PROBLEM
Difference and variation in interpretation of a text is a methodological problem, in particular on how to understand and interpret a text. This article focuses on the methodological analysis in understanding and interpreting the Text of the Prophet Muhammad, Peace be upon him, which was stated more than...
HOW TO COMPREHEND THE SIMILARITY BETWEEN HEBREW BIBLE AND THE QUR'AN? THE INTERTEXTUALITY BETWEEN PSALM 136 AND Q. 55 (AL-RAHMAN)
Lien Iffah Naf'atu Fina
Psalm 136 and Q. 55 have a unique similarity in which the two texts contain continuous refrain, repeated twenty-two times in the case of Psalm and thirty-one times in Q. 55. The extensive refrain in Psalm 136 is unique in the Psalm corpus and while there are three other chapters in the Qur'an containing...
SEMANTICS OF THE QUR'AN: THE PAST AND OPPORTUNITY IN THE FUTURE
The semantics of the Qur'an is the promising method which obtaining more accurate Qur'an interpretation. It can be a complement to Fazlur Rahman's double movement theory. It can restore the concepts in the Qur'an to its original states. The mainstreaming of this method will provide a solid foundation...
PRAGMATIC MEANING OF QUESTIONS IN THE HOLY QUR'AN: SPEECH ACT STUDY ON THE VERSES ABOUT STORIES
Rochmat Budi Santosa, Joko Nurkamto, Nashruddin Baidan, Mr. Sumarlam
There are many kinds of questions in the Qur'an. This paper is about how questions are clearly described to show the connectivity of the components of the Quranic texts. Questions found in the stories of Qur'an are understood using contextual frameworks. The speech act theory is employed through content...
ENDOWMENT AND JUSTICE: FROM TEXTUALISM TO SOCIOLOGICAL JURISPRUDENCE
This paper aims at focusing the analysis on a practical reinterpretation of Qur'an and Hadith texts on waqf (religious endowment). Qur'an and Hadith are the most important sources of norms for Islamic society. Therefore this article tries first to refer to the scriptures. Then, empirically proves that...
MA'NA-CUM- MAGHZA APROACH TO THE QUR'AN: INTERPRETATION OF Q. 5:51
Q. 51:5 has been very famous and widely discussed not only by Indonesian Muslims but also by non-Muslims since September 2016. This debate was caused by the case of the former Governor of Jakarta, Basuki Cahya Purnama who has widely been known as Ahok. However, I would not like to discuss this case in...
MODERN THEOLOGICAL READING OF THE QUR'AN, AND GENDER ISSUES: THREE CASES OF FEMALE MUSLIM SCHOLARS
In the last three decades a number of female Muslim scholars have been contributing to making Islam on gender discourse in modern era. This paper discusses three of them -Amina Wadud, Asma Barlas, and Siti Musdah Mulia. They are considered of having one common ground in receiving modern ideas, in that...
QUR'ANIC SUBTLE PATRIARCHY (PRE-CANONICAL READING TO WOMEN-MENTIONING QUR'ANIC VERSES)
Muhammad Dluha Luthfillah
According to narratology, to name something is to grant it an identity. While Qur'an is unnaming women figures engaged in its narratives, one could uncover the worldview underlying its decision to use such linguistic expression. In so doing, the paper adopts a method developed by Angelika Neuwirth, commonly...
"GOD IS BEYOND SEX/GENDER": MUSLIM FEMINIST HERMENEUTICAL METHOD TO THE QUR'AN
Irma Riyani, Ecep Ismail
Muslim feminist hermeneutical methods to the Qur'an attempts to challenge conservative interpretations that tend to sustain hegemonic knowledge construction and the patriarchal reading of the texts. Implementation of this approach shows that the Qur'an is compatible with modernity and supports gender...
Q. 4:34 AND DISCIPLINING A WIFE: MODERN INDONESIAN MUSLIM SCHOLARS' INTERPRETATIONS OF THE QUR'AN
Q. 4:34 is regarded by some scholars as one of the most controversial verses in the Qur'an. This verse can be divided into two parts: the first part deals with the qiwamah "guardianship" of males and the second part with the beating (darb) of the disobedient wives (nashiz). This last part is usually...
INTERNALIZATION OF ULUL ALBAB VALUE (A STUDY OF LIVING QUR'AN AMONG THE STUDENTS OF UIN MALANG)
Izzah Faizah Siti Rusydati Khaerani, Afif Muhammad, Mr. Syihabuddin
The process of applying the Qur'anic messages becomes very important to be studied by every Muslim. Ulul Albab is part of Al-Qur'an concept which has long been applied and customized by the students in Maulana Malik Ibrahim State Islamic University, Malang. This application process is important to know...
THE QUR'AN IS THE FORGOTTEN BOOK (A STUDY OF THE QUR'AN TEACHING SYSTEM FAILURE IN PROVIDING QUR'ANIC UNDERSTANDING TO THE YOUNG PEOPLE)
This study highlights how the existence of the Qur'an as a guide for life for young people aged 25-40 years in the rural areas in Jambi Province. The study is based on the author's observation of the phenomenon that occurs in rural communities, where young people aged 25-40 years do not present in the...
THE BENEFITS OF THE QUR'AN AS PROBLEM SOLVING FOR SANTRI'S LIFE: LIVING QUR'AN AT PESANTRENS IN TULUNGAGUNG
Ahmad Zainal Abidin
Studies on the practices of Muslims in functioning the Qur'an in their daily lives have fewer number compared to studies on tafsir both textually and contextually. Whereas the former studies, referred to as Living Quran, are able to present tafsir of the Qur'an into the real world. Living Quran seeks...
RHYMES AS MNEMONIC IN MEMORIZING QUR'AN
Nadya Utari Boru Sitanggang
Mnemonic is a method to memorize or recall a memory easily. People with deep oral tradition use it to recall their memories, while people with literacy tradition use formulaic to recall their memories. In Islamic tradition, both mnemonic and formulaic are used in memorizing Qur'an. This research based...
PORTRAYING AL-QUR'AN IN CYBER MEDIA: PORTRAIT IN SOCIAL MEDIA FACEBOOK OF INDONESIAN MUSLIM
Finding the Qur'an in the online world illustrates the new ways of Muslims in interacting with the Qur'an. Social media as part of the virtual one has a function as a provider of religious information, as well as representation of the religious practices of society including the relations between Muslims...
THE PROFUNDITY OF HADITH MATERIALS ON 'ISLAM ITU INDAH" ON TRANS TV
In Indonesia, "Islam Itu Indah (Islam is beautiful)" religious program on Trans TV is a "preaching-tainment" which has a high rating. On the one hand, viewers give a positive response because they consider the materials of the da'wah delivered are actual, easy to understand, and entertaining. On the...
INSTAGRAMMABLE SUNNAH: ANALYSIS OF TRENDS OF USING SUNNAH-HASHTAG
Muhamad Masrur Irsyadi
This paper endeavours to analyze Muslim trends of using sunnah-hastags in Instagram, and uses objective on four chosen hashtags (sunnah, sunna, hadith, and hadis). The paper describes and analyzes content of posts which use those hashtags. This paper concludes that sunnah is the most used hashtag to...
THE CONSTRUCTION OF RADICALISM NARRATIONS: A STUDY OF HIJRA HADITH QUOTATION
M. Khoirul Huda
This article was aimed at exploring the construction of radicalism narrations by using prophetic traditions, which appeared in radical groups namely Islamic State (IS). The data of radicalism narrations were taken from three documents of IS propaganda. This study was a critical discourse analysis (CDA)...
DE-RADICALIZATION IN QURANIC EXEGESIS (RE-INTERPRETATION OF "VIOLENCE VERSES" TOWARD PEACEFUL ISLAM)
One of the most popular issues over the last decade is religious radicalization. This issue is often linked to religious texts, including Quranic verses which are literally understood as a legitimation of violence in the name of religion (Islam). It is an urged need to produce new Quranic exegeses, for...
REVIVING PROPHET'S SPORT TRADITION IN MODERN DAY INDONESIA: DOES "FOLLOW THE PROPHET" MEAN RADICAL?
Muhammad as a prophet has given a wide range of inspiring life to Muslims through the traditions which he created; then these were recorded by canonical books of the Hadith. It was sport among the traditions. In a Hadith narrated by Ibn Umar, there are three kinds of exercise were ordered by the Prophet...
EXPLORING THOUGHTS OF INDONESIA TERRORISTS ON I'DAD AND JIHAD: PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES
Idad and jihad are some of basic concepts that radical Islamic groups and terrorists including in Indonesia use to express their strategies in dealing with perceived threat toward outgroups. This study aims to examine how those concepts become basic arguments in doing military training and act of terror...
SIRI' AS BUGIS PEOPLE'S DIGNITY IN QUR'ANIC PERSPECTIVE
Darul Ma'arif Asry
Human dignity among Bugis people is called siri'. Defending siri' by killing others is reflected from a Lontaraq poem: mate rigollai, mate risantangi'. It means, someone dies in laudability. In Islamic thought, one of the best learned attitudes is shame/al-istihya'(QS al- Qasas/28: 25 and QS al-Hijr/15:...
THE COMPREHENSION OF THE ORANG RIMBA MUSLIM CONVERTS TOWARDS THE QURAN
Irmawati Sagala, Aris Dwi Nugroho, Siti Mariah Ulfah
As it happens on various indigenous communities or Komunitas Adat Terpencil (KAT) in Indonesia, Orang Rimba in Jambi converted to religion over the past few decades, especially into Islam as the religion of Malay majority people in Jambi. During the conversion, whether Orang Rimba knows well the Quran...
THE QUR'AN AND INDONESIAN COMMUNITY CULTURE: THE QUR'AN AS AN AMULET AMONG INDIGENOUS PEOPLE
Masri Mansoer, Lilik Ummi Kaltsum, Yadi Mulyadi
Amulet or also known as talisman is a writing material or a spell that is believed to have a miracle and can be used as an antidote to a disease. Indigenous Peoples of Wewengkon Kasepuhan Citorek Lebak-Banten West Java is one of the Indonesian community who believes that the burden of everyday life will...
LIVING HADITH: THE PHENOMENA OF FIDYAH PRAYER AND FASTING TRADITION IN INDRAMAYU
Masri Mansoer, Atiyatul Ulya, Nurkholis Sofwan
This article explains the phenomenon of fidyah sholat and fasting tradition in Indramayu. Generally, fidyah prayer which is performed by the society still raises a quite heated controversy. It is different from the "fidyah fasting" which has been agreed upon the whole Muslim society. From those debated...
BLESSINGS IN THE QUR'AN BACK TO BASIC VIRTUE IN LIFE
This article explores the conception of blessing or baraka through Qur'anic perspective; tafsir. Blessing etymologically means al-ziyadah, value-added; al-Sa'adah; happiness, al-du'a; a prayer, al-manfa'ah; expediency, al-Baqa'; eternal, al-taqdis; a sacred entity. This article utilizes a normative description...
THE FUTURE OF SUNDANESE COMMENTARIES ON THE QUR'AN IN INDONESIAN ARCHIPELAGO
Jajang A. Rohmana
This study highlights the opportunities and challenges of Qur'anic commentaries or tafsir in Sundanese. I will show that the position of Sundanese tafsir cannot be separated from cultural background and politics of regional languages in Indonesia, as well as shift of global information technology and...
QURAN MANUSCRIPT FROM KERINCI: THE CONNECTION BETWEEN HARAMAIN AND KERINCI IN THE EIGHTEENTH TO NINETEENTH CENTURY
Qur'an manuscript dated back in 18 to 19th century often written and copied by hand and part of an important cultural heritage in Indonesia and often found in various cities in Indonesia, including Kerinci. There had been lots of attention lately on the old Qur'an manuscript from Indonesia, but most...
COLORED-TEXT QUR'ANIC MUSHAF IN MODERN INDONESIA
This article describes the varieties of colored-text Qur'anic mushafs in modern Indonesia. The colors in Qur'anic texts started at 2005s. There is at least four model of this colored-text Qur'anis mushafs in modern. 1) Coloring the a word (Allah, Ilah, Rabb, Rahman and Rahim) with red and blue colors....
THE NETWORK OF HADITH STUDIES IN INDONESIA IN THE 17TH - 19TH CENTURY
Umma Farida, Abdurrohman Kasdi
This article aims to explain the network of Indonesian Muslim scholar (ulama) regarding the hadith dissemination. However, this research used a historical approach based on Azra who tells about the welfare of Islamic kingdoms in international trading. It has given the opportunity to the Muslim to make...
INDONESIAN CONTEXT OF THE MEANING OF QUR'AN: A STUDY ON THE VERSES OF POWERS IN TAFSIR AL-AZHAR AND AL-MISHBAH
The presence of interpretation (tafsir) books as the work of Indonesian from many generations indicates the existence of reading and understanding activities towards the Qur'an in the Indonesian context. This interpretation shows a correlation between the text world, namely the Qur'an, and the reader's...
SUBSTANTIVE ISLAM (A NEW DIRECTION ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ISLAMIC SHARIA ACCORDING TO MUHAMMAD SAID AL-ASHMAWI)
It is undeniable that the emergence of movement for applying Sharia in people's life and its implementation is considered as an evidence of islamic authenticity. Therefore, they occasionally enforce people to apply it. Someone who does not support this movement is regarded as untruthful Muslims and even...
ZIAUDDIN SARDAR'S INTERPRETATION OF THE QUR'AN
Adi Fadilah, Mr. Kusmana
This article discusses Ziauddin Sardar's Qur'anic interpretation. His thought on interpretation is considered important because of its contribution to the epistemology of contemporary Qur'anic interpretation. Using a descriptive-analysis, the writer explores four aspects of Sardar's interpretation: meaning,...
THE INTERPRETATION OF VERSES 39 OF AN-NUR IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF TAFSIR AND SCIENCE
Afrizal Nur, Muhamad Yasir
The dynamics of Qur'an interpretation will always occur and follow the development of the era and time. Every period and interpretation era of the Qur'an will always experience innovation and dynamics both from the methodological, systemic and pattern aspects, presentation, styles of uniqueness of the...
AN UNDERSTANDING OF SOME INTERPRETATIONS OF THE QUR'AN BY TEXTUAL AND CONTEXTUAL APPROACHES
Ahmad Syukri Saleh
Several efforts have been recently made by Muslim scholars in understanding the true meaning of the Qur'an. This is proven by more and more publications concerning the interpretation of the Qur'an come into existence. Moreover, the development of commentary of the Qur'an has produced a variety of approaches...
THE IMPLICATION OF BACK PROJECTION THEORY ON AL-SILSILAH AL-DHAHABIYYAH ISNAD
Abdul Hakim Wahid, Mr. Bustamin
One of hadith isnad that categorized as al-Asanid al-Dhahabiyyah (golden chain) is an Isnad path of Malik from Nafi' from Ibn Umar from the Prophet, that is recognized as the most authentic isnad by the Muslim scholar. However, Juynboll state that In the Lisan literally hundreds of forged hadiths are...
TEXT AS A RELIGIOUS LANGUAGE CONTROLLER OF MUSLIM SOCIETY: THE BLUEPRINT OF THE CODIFICATION OF HADITH
Rifqi Muhammad Fatkhi, Hilmy Firdausy
This paper describes the problem of religious reading discourse that leads to puritanism, "romanticism" and "textualism." The text is considered to be a storage memory of the past which, to some extent, has more power than the visual or rational tradition. To examine this thesis, the writer uses the...
RELATIVISM OF HADITH SCIENCE
Hadith science is a relative science and can be developed in accordance with the needs of the era. it is not an absolute science and final. Reliable collectors of hadith also have a role in deciding the acceptance or rejection of hadith among Islamic societies. Similarly with the criticism of matan,...
THE UNDERSTANDING OF CLASSICAL AND MODERN SCHOLARS ABOUT HADITH DOOMSDAY
This research is based on the recent phenomenon which some people assume that the Doomsday is closer. It is supported by some of the signs described in the hadith. The occurrence of civil wars in Arab countries, the construction of a magnificent mosque, high buildings and the rise of adultery serve as...