Advances in Biological Sciences Research

+ Advanced search
2271 articles
Proceedings Article

Thermal Processing and Chemical Characteristics of Canned Traditional Foods Based on Beef: Rawon, Kuah gandul and Empal gentong

Annisa Kusumaningrum, Aldicky Faizal Amri, Asep Nurhikmat, Agus Susanto, Siswo Prayogi
The traditional food products were produced by home industries need to be packaged to extend the shelf life and to expand the market during the pandemic. The study aims to provide information about thermal processing, chemical characteristics and metal contamination on canned rawon, kuah gandul and empal...
Proceedings Article

First Report of an Ice Cream Cone Bagworm Manatha Conglacia Haettenschwiler (Lepidoptera: Psychidae) in Oil Palm Plantations of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

Fitrah Murgianto, Edyson Edyson, Yendra P Setyawan, Lukas M Tamba, Adhy Ardiyanto, Abdurrahman H Siregar
Bagworm is a defoliating insect in oil palm plantations that recently became the main problem since reported can decrease the production significantly. Metisa plana, Mahasena corbetti, Pteroma pendula are types of bagworms can be found in several areas in Indonesia. The objective of this study was to...
Proceedings Article

Recent Progress of the Poultry Genome Research Based on the Experience in CNU, Korea

Prabuddha Manjula, Thisarani Ediriweera, Jun Heon Lee
With the implementation of the restoration program for Korean Native Chicken (KNC), by the Korean government in the 1990s, the research interests on KNC were greatly increased. Accordingly, the Chungnam National University also conducted and continues many researches for the molecular genetics studies...
Proceedings Article

Research on Embedded Electrical Impedance Measurement System

Xiaoyan Chen, Liang Sun, Meng Du
Based on S3C2440 processor and Linux3.6.6 kernel, wedeveloped an embedded impedance measurement system. This embedded system employ AD5933 as the impedance sensor, and data communication between AD5933 and S3C2440 processor is implemented with IIC communication protocol. In addition, the measurement...
Proceedings Article

Basic Research on Real-time Evaluating of Thermal Damage of Tissues by Visible-Near Infrared Spectra

Wei-wei JIA, Li-juan DAI, Xi WANG
The feasibility of evaluation thermal damage in real time by Visible-Near Infrared (V-NIR) spectroscopy is investigated. Thermal damage are produced in fresh porcine livers in vitro by laser (808nm, 5W). The V-NIR spectra (330-1100 nm) at distances of 4, 8 and 12 mm from the center of the damage are...
Proceedings Article

Clinical Practicability of Extending the Length of Gastrointestinal Decompression Cathetering

Lei Sun, Xin-Quan Gu, An-Na Wang, Fan-Ping Meng
Objective: We intended to investigate the appropriate length of the stomach tube in the treatment of gastrointestinal decompression. Material and Methods: The patients in treatment of gastrointestinal decompression cured by our department from January 2013 to May 2015 whom were divided into 2 groups...
Proceedings Article

Expression and Sequence Analysis of HTH in Blackberry (Rubus Spp.)

Xunju Liu, Min Zhou, Yan Wang, Haoru Tang, Qing Chen
To better understand the molecular mechanisms of cuticle wax formation in blackberry, the waxy synthetic related gene HTH was cloned from blackberry. The open reading frame of this gene was 1785 bp, encoding 594 amino acid residues with a molecular weight of 64.6 kD and a theoretical isoelectric point...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Sprouted and Extruded Grain in Composition of Fodder Mixtures on Digestibility of Dairy Cows Diet Nutrients

Nikolai Shvetsov, Vyacheslav Kotarev, Aleksandr Kovrigin, Mariya Shvetsova
The experiment was carried out according to the following scheme. In the first group (control), all wheat, barley and corn grains were fed in flattened form, in the second, third and fourth groups 50% of the wheat, barley and corn grain mass (half the daily supply) was prepared in various ways. In the...
Proceedings Article

A Prebiotic Surface Catalysed Photochemically Activated Synthesis of L-Cysteine

Ethyne forms a weak charge-transfer complex with surface catalysts such as Mg.porphin in which the ethyne group has a net positive charge (0.08), and the conjugated porphin has a negative charge. This neutral complex is polarised and undergoes a nucleophilic addition reaction with ammonia at the carbene...
Proceedings Article

Serum Leptin Levels in Patients with Hepatitis B: A Meta-analysis

Qiong-Yuan Zhang, Xuan Xu, Mei Luo, Jian-Jiang Xue, Ying-Li Li
Background and Aims: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a widespread disease affecting people worldwide. With more and more research on the deepening of the leptin, which suggested a close relationship between serum leptin levels and HBV. In this study, we explored the correlation between serum leptin...
Proceedings Article

Response of Insect Pests to Botanical Insecticide Application on Leaf and Pod Soybean (Glycine max L.) of Organic Farming System

Asmanizar, Syamsafitri, A Arianto
Leaf and pod insect pests are important on soybean (Glycine max L.) in Indonesia, causing loss of seed production. The study was carried out to evaluate the potential of water crude extract mixture of Azadirachta indica seed, Cymbopogon nardus plant and Alpinia galanga rhizome to control leaf and pod...
Proceedings Article

Potential of Andalas (Morus macroura Miq.) Ethanol Extract in Inhibiting the Microbial Growth

Dwi Hilda Putri, Violita, Abdul Hafids, Armita Sofani, Try Susanti
Andalas (Morus macroura Miq.) is a West Sumatra, Indonesia mascot plant. This plant is a Moraceae group, which is widely used traditionally as a medicinal plant. The purpose of this study was to determine the potential of Andalas ethanol extract in inhibiting the growth of pathogen microbes. Ethanol...
Proceedings Article

Policy Analysis and Development Strategy of Cocoa Agribusiness in Lebak District, Banten

Andjar Astuti, Ratna Mega sari
More than 70 percent of cocoa plantation in Banten Province is smallholder farming. Most of them are located in Lebak district. The aims of this study is to analyze and formulate the best development strategy of cocoa agribusiness in Lebak District, Banten Province. Data used is primary and secondary...
Proceedings Article

Green Space Based on Oxygen Needs Post-Disaster in Palu City, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

Abdul Wahid, Annisa Triutari, Budi Setiawan
The problem of green open space (RTH) in terms of quantity and quality was currently experiencing a significant decline. It impacted the decreasing quality of the living environment of urban residents. It should not have happened because of the existence of Law Number 26 of 2007 concerning Spatial Planning....
Proceedings Article

Effect of the Natural Cat and Dog Liquid Additives on 3% Salt Fed Rats

Elif Rabia Sanli, Musa Yavuz, Zafer Özyıldız, Veli Uygur
Salt poisoning could be important for the pets’ life. High salt and low water consumptions can be effective in the formation of salt poisoning. Low levels of salt poisoning increase blood pressure which reduces the quality of life. Plant-origin cat and dog liquid additives are previously used and improve...
Proceedings Article

Response of Insects to the Light and Coloured Sticky Traps

A. Kardinan, P. Maris
Research regarding response of insects to the light and coloured sticky traps have been done in fruit and red chili garden in Sumedang and Lembang area. The coloured sticky traps consisted of transparent, grey, brown, black, red, yellow, green, blue, and white were placed at fruit and red chili garden,...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Farming Business Density, Area Density, and Economic Density of Beef Cattle to Supports Human Welfare in the Fulfillment of Animal Protein in 4.0 Industrial Revolution Era in Gorontalo District

Andi Yulyani Fadwiwati, Surya
This study aims to analyze farming business density, area density and economic density of beef cattle to support human welfare in the fulfillment of animal protein in 4.0 industrial revolution era in Gorontalo District. This research uses a literature study and survey methods. The data obtained were...
Proceedings Article

The Role of Synbiotic in Cobb-strain Broiler Performance Challenged with Campylobacter jejuni as a Substitute for Antibiotic Growth Promotor (AGP)

A E T H Wahyuni, T E M Nahak, M C C Malelak, V C Prakasita, S L Adrenalin
One of the feed additives that have long been used is Antibiotic Growth Promoter (AGP). But nowadays, the use of AGP as a growth promoter has been banned because it has negative impacts such as antimicrobial resistance. Campylobacter jejuni is a pathogenic bacterium that often infects birds, especially...
Proceedings Article

Peer-Review Statements

Vishnu Agarwal, Rupika Sinha, Joyabrata Mal
All of the articles in this proceedings volume have been presented at the Biosangam 2022 during March 10–12, 2022 in Prayagraj. These articles have been peer reviewed by the members of the Review Committee and approved by the Editor-in-Chief, who affirms that this document is a truthful description of...
Proceedings Article

Peer-Review Statements

Irham Irham, Muhammad Firdaus, Stefaan De Neve
All of the articles in this proceedings volume would be have been presented at the International Symposium of Southeast Asia Vegetable (SEAVEG) 2021 during 4 18 to 20 November 2021 in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. These articles have been peer reviewed by the members of the Scientific Committee and approved...
Proceedings Article

Peer-Review Statements

Bambang Sugiharto, Asmoro Lelono, Muhammad Akbar Bahar, Syubanul Wathon, Asep Ginanjar Arip, Kartika Senjarini, Ramdhan Putrasetya, Beny Andika, Nadhea Ayu Sukma
All of the articles in this proceedings volume have been presented at the International Conference on Life Science and Biotechnology (ICOLIB) on November 15–16, 2021 at Jember University Indonesia. These articles have been peer-reviewed by the members of the Scientific Committee of ICOLIB and approved...
Proceedings Article

Peer-Review Statements

Nurul Huda, Irwandi Jaswir, Yayu Romdhonah, Alimuddin Alimuddin, Tofael Ahamed, Nidal Nasser
Proceedings Article

Peer-Review Statements

Eko Widodo, Vu Dinh Ton, Rugang Tian, Norsida Man, Mashudi Mashudi
Proceedings Article

Peer-Review Statements

Susanto B. Sulistyo, Abdul Mukhlis Ritonga, Ratna Satriani, Eka Oktaviani, Ni Wayan Anik Leana
Proceedings Article

Peer-Review Statements

Arifin Dwi Saputro, Lilik Sutiarso, Rudiati Evi Masithoh, Jik Chang Leong, Katharina Keiblinger, Chaleeda Borompichaichartkul, Omer Said Toker, Rosnah Shamsudin
All of the articles in this proceedings volume have been presented at the ICOSEAT during July 21-23, 2022 in Bangka, Indonesia. These articles have been peer reviewed by the members of the Scientific Committee and approved by the Editor-in-Chief, who affirms that this document is a truthful description...
Proceedings Article

Peer-Review Statements

Josaphat Tetuko Sri Sumantyo, Nur Ainun Harlin Jennie Pulungan, Taira Miyahara, Ari Cahyono, Angga Prasetya
Proceedings Article

Peer-Review Statements

Risqi Firdaus Setiawan, Hisaaki Kato, Hanilyn Aguilar Hidalgo, Fitri Diana Riana
Proceedings Article

Peer-Review Statements

Muhyiatul Fadhilah, D. Rahmawati, Reki Kardiman, Rijal Satria
Proceedings Article

Peer-Review Statements

Eucharia Oluchi Nwaichi, Florence Onyemachi Nduka
All of the articles in this proceedings volume have been presented at the [OWSD Garden City 2023] during [2-6 July 2023] in [Port Harcourt Nigeria]. These articles have been peer reviewed by the members of the [Scientific Committee and identified relevant experts] and approved by the Editor-in-Chief,...
Proceedings Article

Peer-Review Statements

Tantra Diwa Larasati, Resty Intan Putri, Nur Rani Alham, Nur Asriatul Kholifah, Retno Wulandari, Pandu K. Utomo
Proceedings Article

Peer-Review Statements

Godfrey Uzochukwu, Aryal Niroj, Godfrey Ejimakor, Reza Tahergorabi, Samuel Uzoechi
All of the articles in this proceedings volume have been presented at the National Conference on Next Generation Technologies for Small Scale Producers during on September 7-9, 2022 in Greensboro, North Carolina, USA. These articles have been peer reviewed by university professors and scientists and...
Proceedings Article

Peer-Review Statements

Qabul Dinanta Utama, Ansar, Lalu Unsunnidhal, Firman Fajar Perdhana, Made Gendis Putri Pertiwi, Riezka Zuhriatika Rasyda
All of the articles in this proceedings volume have been presented at the 7th International Conference on Food, Agriculture, and Natural Resources (IC-FANRES 2022) during November 24-25, 2022, in Hotel Merumatta, Senggigi, Lombok, Indonesia. These articles have been peer reviewed by the members of the...
Proceedings Article

Peer-Review Statements

Johan Sukweenadhi, Finna Setiawan
All of the articles in this proceedings volume have been presented at the 4th International Conference on Natural Resources and Life Sciences (NRLS) 2022 during 24-26th August, 2023 in University of Surabaya (2 days online seminar and 1 day onsite workshop). These articles have been peer reviewed by...
Proceedings Article

Peer-Review Statements

Nur Edy, Alam Anshary, Syamsu Rijal, Rahadian Pratama, Agung Wibowo, Anita Ahmad
All of the articles in this proceedings volume have been presented at the The 2nd International Interdisciplinary Conference on Environmental Sciences and Sustainable Developments: Environmental Sciences and Sustainable Developments (IICESSD-ESD) 2022 during 7-8 October 2022 in Best Western Hotel Palu,...
Proceedings Article

Livestock Integrated Farming in Rural Area of Pakistan

Muhammad Riaz
Agriculture in Pakistan has been realized as indispensable for food security, employment, and poverty alleviation at the rural level. About 70% of the population here in Pakistan depends upon agriculture for their livelihoods. Plants contribute 84% calories and 66% protein consumption of total human...
Proceedings Article

Tomato Leaf Curl New Delhi Virus Associated with Yellow Mosaic Disease of Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) in Bengkulu, Indonesia

Mimi Sutrawati, Sipriyadi Sipriyadi, Yuni Kristina Serlyani Sihotang, Cindy Margareth Hutasoit, Parwito Parwito, Ewa Aulia
Cucumber mosaic virus, Papaya ringspot virus, Squash mosaic virus, Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus, Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus Tobacco mosaic virus, Tomato yellow leaf curl New Delhi virus and Zucchini yellow mosaic virus were among the viruses that infected cucumbers in Java, according to...
Proceedings Article

Biofilm Detachment and Its Implication in Spreading Biofilm-Related Infections

Akshat Gupta, Anmol Srivastava, Vishnu Agarwal
Biofilms are a community of microorganisms formed on both abiotic and biotic surfaces. These colonies play a vital role in the virulent life cycle of bacteria. Bacteria communicate intrinsically and extrinsically to grow and eventually disperse their virulent factors, ultimately leading to diseases....
Proceedings Article

Vegetable Farmers and Social Innovations in Food Estate Development Areas

Collaborative Arrangements in Humbang Hasundutan, North Sumatera, Indonesia

Idha Widi Arsanti, Acep Hariri
Vegetable farmers in food estate areas of Humbang Hasundutan are seeking new types of collaborations and economic opportunities in the new adaptation era. Market opportunities, however, have incurred demanding environmental, financial and labour requirements, and created trade-offs between expanding...
Proceedings Article

Sustainable Milk Production from a Lactation Biology Perspective

Shinichi Yonekura, Mst Mamuna Sharmin
World per capita consumption of fresh dairy products is projected to increase by 1.0% p.a. and production is projected to grow at 1.6% p.a. over the coming decade (2020–2029). To meet up this additional demand, raising high producing dairy cows with proper nutrition and environment is obvious in the...
Proceedings Article

Effectiveness of Biochar and Organic Fertilizer on Growth of Maize in Kayu Putih Agroforestry

Aprilia Ike Nurmalasari, M. Rahayu, M. T. S. Budiastuti, M. N. E. Kusumahendra
The availability of marginal land that is still wide is an opportunity to be exploited. Forest Management Resort in Gunung Kidul is one of the dry lands that can be used for maize cultivation based on Kayu Putih Agroforestry. Biochar as a soil enhancer and organic fertilizer can increase soil fertility...
Proceedings Article

Mathematic Modelling of Bok Choy Plant Canopy Area on Different Artificial Light at Plant Factory

DA Setiawati, L Sutiarso, Ngadisih, Murtiningrum, AP Nugroho, GMD Putra, MSI Chaer
In the plant factory, plants carry out the process of photosynthesis using artificial light sources in the form of growth lights instead of sunlight. Each type of lamp will emit light with a different wavelength, so the effect on the photosynthesis process is also different. This study examines the pattern...
Proceedings Article

The Urgency of Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) Base on Development of Biology Assessment Instruments for Class XI Students of SMA/MA

Sa’diatul Fuadiyah, Ganda Hijrah Selaras, Defrian Melta, Dini Rahmi
A curriculum, or educational program, produces high quality education. The 2013 curriculum, which places a strong emphasis on students’ reasoning skills and uses assessment as a yardstick for curricular achievement, is the one that is now being used in Indonesia. In essence, an evaluation makes use of...
Proceedings Article

Activated Carbon Produced by Carbonization and Chemical Activation of Coconut Frond for Air Batteries

Tantra Diwa Larasati, Ari Susandy Sanjaya, Beryl Ariella Vania Agatha, Noveno Paolo Tebay
Coconut waste is an abundant biomass that not fully utilized as raw material for producing high added value materials. One of the product that can be made from coconut waste is activated carbon. Activated carbon is an amorphous carbon material with high degree of porosity and an extended surface area....
Proceedings Article

Biopesticidal Effect of Widuri (Calotropis gigantea L.) and Krinyuh (Chromolaena odorata L.) Leaves to Control Corn Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda)

Flora Pasaru, Nur Khasanah, Burhanuddin Haji Nasir, Kasriyanto, Sri Anjar Lasmini
Spodoptera frugiperda is the main pest that attacks corn plants. This pest attack can cause damage to the leaves so it has the potential to reduce maize production. This study aimed to obtain the response of vegetable insecticides to the leaf extract of widuri and krinyuh leaf and its combination in...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of the Impact of 200 µT and 300 µT Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) Magnetic Fields on the Growth Rate of Edamame Plants

Sudarti, Trapsilo Prihandono, Winaning Nur Prihatin, Ilme Mufida Suyono Putri
The Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) magnetic field has an ability to penetrate almost all materials and is non-ionizing radiation so that it can trigger cell proliferation. This study aims to examine the effect of exposure to the 200–300 µT ELF magnetic fields on the growth rate of Edamame plants. This...
Proceedings Article

Comparison of Color Quality Measurement Using Chromameter and Image Processing for Dehydrated Strawberry Products

Farisa Adelina Sitanggang, M. Maksum Machfoedz, Mohammad Affan Fajar Falah
Color is one of the important parameters to consider regarding to quality and perception of consumers acceptance in agro-industrial products. However, standard color measurement using colorimeter have an expensive cost and the need for trained individual to operate, then, other measurement can be done...
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Cow Manure and NPK Fertilizer on Soil Chemical Fertility, Soybean Growth, and the Yield on Sandy Soil

Danner Sagala, Eka Putri Lingga Tasti, Sri Rustianti
Research to determine the effect of cow manure and NPK fertilizer on soil chemical fertility, soybean growth, and the yield on sandy soil was conducted in the coastal area of Bengkulu, Indonesia. Doses of cow manure consisting of 0, 30, 50, and 70 t ha−1 and NPK fertilizer composed of 0, 150, 300, and...
Proceedings Article

A community-based innovative approach of deriving a functional compost for remediation of crude oil contaminated soil

Ismail Baba Ahmed, Eucharia Oluchi Nwaichi, Ejike Ugwoha
Compost is a local product that has proven effective in soil remediation. Its performance is attributed to the diversity of microbes and nutrients that augment indigenous soil microbes and stimulate biodegradation processes respectively. Improving its performance is imperative to reduce the influx of...
Proceedings Article

Detection of Sugar Apple (Annona squamosa L.) Ripeness Based on Physical and Chemical Properties Using the K-Nearest Neighbor (k-NN) and Random Forest Algorithm

Murad, Joko Sumarsono, Sukmawaty, Amni Aulia, Syahroni Hidayat
West Nusa Tenggara is one of the very high sugar apples producing regions every year. Post-harvest handling of sugar apples or srikaya fruits presents several challenges, one of which is judging the quality of the fruit by its ripeness. A lot of research has been done on fruit classification using one...
Proceedings Article

Egg Production Characteristic and the Study of Follicle-stimulating Hormone Receptor Gene on Various of Sentul Chicken

Ismoyowati Ismoyowati, DM Saleh, I Suswoyo
The study was conducted to compare differences in the characteristics of egg production and quality, as well as the identification of FSHR gene polymorphisms in various sentul chickens. The research was conducted by experimental methods using a completely randomized design. The research material used...
Proceedings Article

Effectiveness of Dolomite on Growth and Yield of Maize (Zea mays l.) in Dry Land

Amik Krismawati, Evy Latifah, Sugiono
The study had been conducted in dry land a site in East Java was in Kediri District during the rainy season I, 2018 –2019. The research was designed in RBD, 4 replicates, and 6 treatments, namely: A = without fertilizer, B = 300 Urea ha-1 + 400 kg NPK Phonska ha-1 (Recommended Rates of Inorganic Fertilizers...
Proceedings Article

Location Quotient Analysis of the Agricultural Sector in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

A M Sausan, A Cahyani, F N Ashidieq, M A Risqa, M S A Bahri, R Wahyudi, V R Gitanto, R F Putri
Agricultural sector economic resources analysis is conducted to take into account the influence of the agricultural sector on the life of residents in D.I Yogyakarta Province. This analysis is conducted based on the data of calculation results using location quotient (LQ), a method to calculate the relative...
Proceedings Article

A Beauty is in the Eye of the Beholder: The Analysis of Indonesian Agricultural Startups Development Strategy

Iwan Hermawan, Rafika Sari, Yuni Sudarwati, Izzaty, Dewi Wuryandani
The abundant agricultural resources and the vast market does not make agricultural startups develop more massively than nonagricultural startups. At the same time, the role of agricultural’s startups as an enabler of agricultural’s technology (agri-tech) is crucial to improve food accessibility and even...
Proceedings Article

Keynote Presentation: Environmental Justice, Equity, and Cumulative Impact Assessment in Urban and Rural Settings

Andrew M. Geller
EPA has committed, through its Equity Action Plan, to address equity and environmental justice goals by addressing the cumulative impacts of chemical and non-chemical stressors in its programs and activities. This presentation describes actions taken and planned to address environmental and climate justice...
Proceedings Article

Antibiotics and ELISA as a Hyphenated Technique for Screening High Production Cell Lines from Transfected HEK293 Cells for the Production of Recombinant Follicle Stimulating Hormone

Jian-wen HU, Meng-meng LIU, Ji-zhong HAN, Bin ZENG
Recombinant follicle stimulating hormone(rFSH), which play an important role in assisted reproductive technologies. However, the availability of a suitable system for the screening high production cell lines from transfected mammal cells for the production of rFSH is limited. The purpose of this study...
Proceedings Article

Quantitative Structure-Toxicity Relationship for Predicting Acute Toxicity of Phenols

Zhi-Xiang Zhou, Meng-Nan Qin, Yang-Hua Liu, Xiao-Long Zhang, Han-Dong Li
Phenols represent one of the most important classes of environmental chemicals. Most of them may cause serious public health and environmental problems. The present work is to develop an effective QSTR model for acute toxicity, a toxicological endpoint of Phenols. We calculated various descriptors and...
Proceedings Article

Questions of Authentication and Standardization of White Varieties of Ceylon Tea Imported to Russia

Alexandr Simakov, Elena Artemova, Inna Simakova, Natalia Durnova, Elena Didusenko, Nina Myachikova
The article raises questions concerning the reasons for the falsification of white tea varieties in Russia, the possibility of determining its authenticity by instrumental and sensory methods. The technological process and parameters of brewing leaves of white tea varieties, for example, silver tea,...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Planting Media and Different Concentration of Wheat Grass Juice (Triticum aestivum L.) on Anemic Male Mice (Mus musculus L.) Leukocytes

Elsa Yuniarti, Afifatul Achyar, Syovia Amimi
Iron deficiency can cause anemia. Changes in iron status in anemia can affect the immune system, making infection easy. When the number of infections increases, efforts made to overcome anemia are one of them by consuming wheat grass containing iron. This study was an experiment with factorial complete...
Proceedings Article

Antibacterial Effectiveness of Purple Yam (Dioscorea alata L) Sap Extract in Inhibiting the Growth of Staphylococcus aureus & Escherichia coli

A Nurfitriani, M Mahendradatta, A Laga, Zainal
Purple yam sap extracts have secondary metabolite components which can be utilized as an antibacterial property. Secondary metabolite compounds found from the result of the preliminary study include saponins, tannins, flavonoids, phenols, alkaloids, and triterpenoids. The aim of this study was to analyze...
Proceedings Article

The Application of a New Drying Method on the Quality of Voucher Specimen

Mohd Amril Ramzi Bin Mohd Rahimi, Furzani Pa’ee
Drying the specimens is one of the crucial steps in plant preservation and the process of making Herbarium voucher specimens. This research was conducted to investigate the effect of the drying method on specimens in the laboratory using the standard method (oven) and drying in the field using a novel...
Proceedings Article

Diagnosing Small Cell Carcinoma of the Bladder

Hongyan Li, Hai Li, Yuanyuan Xing
Small cell carcinoma of the urethra (SCCB) is a rare yet highly aggressive malignancy. The pathogenesis of SCCB is poorly understood due to few large-scale cohort studies. Currently, SCCB is diagnosed primarily by morphological assessment. However, immunohistochemical staining can also play an important...
Proceedings Article

The Role and Mechanism of Exercise for Prevention of Myocardial Fibrosis in Diabetes

Qi-e Zhu
Aims. TGF-β1 plays a role in promoting the transformation of myocardial fibrosis. Smad4 has important functions in maintaining tissue stability and inhibiting cardiac hypertrophy. In this study, we investigated the effect of exercise on TGF-β1/Smad4 and myocardial fibrosis in diabetes. Methods. Male...
Proceedings Article

A Novel Biphasic Scaffold with Gradient Pore Structures for Osteochondral Tissue Engineering

Duo PAN, Ruixue YIN, Hongbo ZHANG, Shengbing YANG, Wenjun ZHANG
This study was aimed at using biomimetic strategies to construct a biphasic scaffold. Biphasic scaffolds were constructed using the 3-dimentional printing technology with two phases: the bony phase and the chondral phase. The bony phase was using the composition of poly (lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)...
Proceedings Article

Host Plants and Pictorial Key of Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on Food Crops in Bogor and Cianjur Districts, West Java Province

Purnama Hidayat, Siti Fathur Rahmah, Yani Maharani
A few numbers of commonly found aphid species on food crops such as Aphis gossypii and Myzus persicae are well studied, but little is known for other species. This study aimed to determine the species, host plants, and colony characteristics of aphids associated with food crops in Bogor and Cianjur districts....
Proceedings Article

Proximate Analysis of Some Local Food in Baduy Ethnic

FitriaRiany Eris, Aris Munandar, AM Kartina, Dian Anggraeni, Meutia, Taufik Hidayat, Dodi Hermawan
Baduy tribe is a tribe spreaded around Banten Province. The most dominant ethnics group has its own various food diversityin producing and creating food security in each small town. This study aims to determine the proximate analysis of Baduy local food. There are various kinds of local food processed...
Proceedings Article

The Performance of Water Mobilization and Transpiration in Oil Palm

Choirul Muslim, Rochmah Supriati, Riska Ruswita, Zulbachrum Chaniago, Supanjani, Abimanyu Dipo Nusantara
This study was being elucidated in order to understand the performance of water mobilization and transpiration in oil palm tree at the age of 2, 4, and 22 years old respectively. To gain that, we attempt to collect the data in regard with the large of total leaf surface (meter square), description on...
Proceedings Article

Design and Implementation of Water Quality Monitoring System (Temperature, pH, TDS) in Aquaculture Using IoT at Low Cost

Novita Dwi Susanti, Diang Sagita, Ignatius Fajar Apriyanto, Cahya Edi Wahyu Anggara, Doddy Andy Darmajana, Ari Rahayuningtyas
This research aims to design and implement a water quality monitoring system in aquaculture that will be implemented in SME. Subang is a city which has a lot of potential fish farming in ponds, one of them is Rojo Koyo SMEs. The farmer has a problem, especially in the rainy season, mortality of fish...
Proceedings Article

Systematic Literature Review: Side Effect of Moringa oleifera Lam.

Deborah Felinda Hari Wijaya, Alfian Hendra Krisnawan, Oeke Yunita, Krisyanti Budipramana, Karina Citra Rani, Nikmatul Ikhrom Eka Jayani
Moringa oleifera Lam. (Drumstick tree) is a herbal plant commonly found in subtropical and tropical areas such as Indonesia. Moringa plants have been widely used because they have many pharmacological effects. In addition, due to the high consumption of Moringa, there still needs to be monitoring regarding...
Proceedings Article

Sustainable Aquafeed: Alternative Ingredients Produced Locally as Nutrient Complementary in Minimizing the Use of Fishmeal

Noor Khalidah Abdul Hamid
Exploring cost-effective animal-derived protein alternatives is very important to support the growing human population with food resources globally. Aquaculture has significant contribution to this sector by providing fish and fishery products. This article provides short review on aquafeed, one of important...
Proceedings Article

Toward Sustainable Feeding Systems of Madura Cattle: A Case Study in Bangkalan Regency

Kusmartono Kusmartono, Mashudi Mashudi, Poespitasari Hazanah Ndaru
The term “Sustainable farming (SF)” relates to a general approach, a broad production system using methods that involve society (farmers), environment, and economy. This concept aims to support health and well-being of the society and to work with nature, while still aiming for being profitable businesses,...
Proceedings Article

River Discharge Analysis Using Soil and Water Assessment Tools Method in Bonto Saile Wathershed, Selayar Island Regency

Usman Arsyad, Wahyuni, Andang Suryana Soma, Rizki Amaliah, Sarif Al Qadri
Basically the need for water will increase along with the increase in population. The problems experienced in the North Benteng area which is included in the Bonto Saile watershed are experiencing flooding due to overflowing of river water in the Bonto Saile watershed and some places are submerged due...
Proceedings Article

Impact of Methyl Salicylate Lures on the Mint Aphid, Eucarazzia elegans (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Density and Natural Enemy Abundances in Common Sage Fields

A. Zarkani, F. Turanli
Methyl Salicylate (MeSA) could be naturally produced by plants as an herbivore-induced plant volatile (HIPV) for attracting natural enemies as well as inhibiting herbivore populations. This study evaluated the attractiveness of synthetic MeSA lures to the natural enemies and its impact on Eucarazzia...
Proceedings Article

Validity of Project Learning Model Based on STEMS to Improve Creativity in the 21st Century

Suci Fajrina, Lufri Lufri, Yuni Ahda, Heffi Alberida
This twenty-first-century education demands a appropriate learning strategy to attain the required skills, focusing on equipping students with creativity. The One of the innovative techniques that can increase students’ creativity is the STEMS-based project learning paradigm. This research advances a...
Proceedings Article

Evaluation of Antibacterial Activity and Physico-Chemical Profiles of Eucalyptus pellita Essential Oil from East Kalimantan

Agmi Bagus Kartiko, Agmi Sinta Putri, Enih Rosamah, Harlinda Kuspradini
Eucalyptus is one of the plants used in the pulp and paper industry, and their leaves are known as forest harvesting waste that potential to produce essential oils. This research aimed to examine the physicochemical profiles of Eucalyptus pellita leaf essential oils grown in East Kalimantan and their...
Proceedings Article

Assessing Geographical Characteristic of Agricultural Land Conversion: A Spatial Analytical Approach

Bowo Susilo
Agricultural land conversion is a global and inevitable phenomenon. On the other hand, agricultural land is a fundamental asset and resource for those who depend on the agricultural sector for their livelihood. Preservation of agricultural land or controlling agricultural land conversion is a must. Therefore,...
Proceedings Article

Covid-19 and Its Effect on Home Gardening Behaviour in Indonesia

Nur Fajrina, Derek Baker, R. R. Rukmowati Brotodjojo
Home gardening offers one approach to improving the Indonesian diet, which is known to contain inadequate vegetables and fruit. It is also a suitable response to the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly to improve food security but also to promote secondary benefits. We report on a household online survey...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Problems Related to the Development of Learning Devices on Biotechnology Materials by Utilizing Mandai as the Potential of the East Kalimantan Region

Nurfadilah A. Patang, Elsje Theodora Masaawet, Evie Palenewen
Learning tools are certain or several preparation which provided by educators or teachers both as individual or group so that the implementation and evaluation of learning can be conducted sistematically and gained the expected result. The use of regional potential in learning has been recommended based...
Proceedings Article

The Shift of Livestock Industry and Its Impact on People’s Social-economic Status

James Hellyward, Fuad Madarisa
A literature review has been conducted to describe the anticipated effects of social-economic status transformation among farmers due to livestock biotechnology and industry shifting. In particular, it focused more on Indonesia, where lay the Indo-pacific region as a biogeographic area connecting tropical...
Proceedings Article

Research on Morphology of Human Red Blood Cells (RBCs) in Different Gravity Fields

Lin Li, Shuang-Yin Gao
By testing fresh human red blood cells (RBCs), the morphology of human RBCs in different gravity fields was observed by SK2109P microscope. And the death rate of RBCs in different gravity fields were counted Results show that: RBCs can endure a certain gravity field. RBCs barely died under gravity fields...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Animal Model of Acute Pharyngitis Based on Clinical Characteristics of TCM and Western Medicine

Bing-Jie Chang, Ming Bai, Ming-San Miao
Objective: To analyze the animal models and applications of acute pharyngitis based on the clinical diagnosis and treatment of Chinese and western medicine. Method: Through consulting the literature of acute pharyngitis in recent years, the characteristics of acute pharyngitis, modern application and...
Proceedings Article

Histological Analysis of Gills and Liver of Tambra Fish (Tor tambra) From Batang Gadis River in Mandailing Natal North Sumatera

Yusni Atifah, Ramadhan Sumarmin, Laila Tussifah
Tor tambra is one of the 10 species of fish that found in Batang Gadis River. This fish species has abundance and also the highest dominance at four observation stations in Sungai Batang Gadis. The purpose of this study was to look at the histology of gill organs and liver of Tor tambra in the Batang...
Proceedings Article

Biplot and Correlation Analysis of 189 Superior F2 Genotypes Chili-Unpad in Indonesia

Ratna Fitry, N Rostini, Hersanti, Anas
This study aimed to examine genotype variations based on biplot analysis and correlation among the superior characters F2 genotype of Chili Unpad in Sumedang. The genetic material evaluated in this study was 187 F2 genotypes of Chili Unpad which were the result of crossing of local genotypes from crosses...
Proceedings Article

Biogas Purification with Adsorption Method on Variation of Purification Time and Gas Flow Rate

Abdul Mukhlis Ritonga, Masrukhi, Mustaufik, Dewi Novita
Biogas purification is an effort to increase the calorific value of biogas. The CO2 content in biogas causes the calorific value of the biogas to decrease, so Purification must increase the gas levels of CH4. The research objectives were: To determine the effect of refining time on quality biogas, know...
Proceedings Article

The Influence of Plant Growth Regulators on Morphological Indexes and Performance of Brassica juncea L. in the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine

Andrii Melnyk, Peipei Jia, Tetiana Melnyk, Andrii Butenko, Volodymyr Kolosok, Sergey Butenko
Plant growth regulators have a great impact on agricultural production, but an application of the conventional application mode has certain restrictions on the growth and yield improvement. The subject of the study is Brassica juncea L. varieties (Prima and Felicia), methods of application and types...
Proceedings Article

Radiofrequency Signal in the Radiofrequency Ablation System

Ruirui Wang, Qun Nan, Zhen Tian, Xiaohui Nie, Tong Dong
. Radiofrequency ablation technique is one of the tumor hyperthermia methods and has been widely used in clinical treatment because of its small traumatic, better curative effect and others advantages. Recently, the common automatic control of radiofrequency ablation system is temperature control model...
Proceedings Article

Extracellular Expression and Catalytic Bioactivity of Optimized Human Aromatase (CYP19) in Pichia Pastoris

Yan-ying HU, Yong-hui ZHONG, Jing ZHEN, Hui-tu ZHANG, Shi-ru JIA, Fu-ping LU, Yu-jie DAI, Xiu-li ZHANG
The fragment encoding aromatase (CYP19) with 45 N-terminal amino acids cut-off was cloned into pPIC9K vector and transformed to the yeast Pichia pastoris. The multi-copy recombinant strain was selected for the production of recombinant aromatase. The catalytic bioactivity of secreted enzyme was further...
Proceedings Article

The study of the antibacterial and antimycotic activity of nanostructures based on antibiotics, plant extracts and salts metals

Alexandr Sirotin, Alexandr Krolevets, Violetta Klyueva, Nikita Lyakhovchenko, Vladislav Senchenkov
The antibacterial activity of nanostructures based on antibiotics, plant extracts and metal salts against Escherichia.coli, Staphylococcus sp. and Aspergillus niger was shown. A statistically significant increase in the inhibition effect of ceftriaxone in the poludan was shown by 33,3%, copper sulfate...
Proceedings Article

Effects of Light Quality on The Quality Formation of Tomato Fruits

Baoxing XIE, Shiwei SONG, Houcheng LIU, Guangwen SUN, Riyuan CHEN
The effects of light quality on the quality formation of tomato (cv. MicroTom) fruits were studied in controlled-environment house. There were 4 LEDs treatments: the ratio of red (660nm): blue (460nm) was 1:1 (1R1B), 2:1 (2R1B), 4:1 (4R1B) and 8:1 (1R1B), the Photosynthetic Photon Flux Density (PPFD)...
Proceedings Article

Evaluation of the Situation of the People Received Service from Equine Facilities Before and During the Covid-19 Pandemic

Ayşe Kocabıyık, Fatih Şahiner, Demet Gökdere, Elif Rabia Şanlı, Musa Yavuz
The covid-19 pandemic influences human social life and their relation to animals. The equine sector is affected by covid-19 pandemic. The aim of this study was to evaluate the general situation of the people receiving service from equine facilities before and during the pandemic. The data were collected...
Proceedings Article

From Invasive to Creative: Transforming Salvinia molesta in Taman Botani Sri Medan into Cosmeceutical Solid Soap

Nurul Syamimi Muzaini, Furzani Pa’ee
Salvinia molesta is invasive species and is also known as the worst weed that invaded Malaysia’s native wide range of aquatic ecosystem. This study was conducted to identify the potential metabolites Salvinia molesta invasive plant species from family Salviniaceae in Taman Botani Sri Medan, Batu Pahat,...
Proceedings Article

Manufacturing Process Development of Health Supplement Containing Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) Extract

Diah Indriani Widiputri, Quincy Juventinus, Silvya Yusri, Febbyandi Isnanda Pandiangan, Jimmy
Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), WH, is an aquatic plant that usually lives on the surface of lakes, marshes or rivers and often considered to be a weed that brings many negative impacts for the aquatic ecosystem. Previous research has proven the presence of antioxidant activity in the extract...
Proceedings Article

Effects of Concentration and Soaking Duration of Shallot Extract on Yield and Growth of Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas L.)

Sipa Nurul Laely, Hanny Hidayati Nafi’ah, Siti Syarah Maesyaroh, Jajang Supriatna
Sweet potato is an important agricultural commodity in Indonesia and it is the source of carbohydrates after rice. However, the quality and quantity of sweet potatoes produced decreased and did not fulfill the demand. Provision of growth regulators is one of the efforts to increase the growth of sweet...
Proceedings Article

Waste to Wealth: Recycling Agricultural Wastes As Feed Additives

Lydia K. Olagunju, Peter A. Dele, Yasmine Shaw, Rosetta Brice, Oluteru E. Orimaye, Michael Wuaku, Uchenna Y. Anele
An important goal of feed additives in animal nutrition is to improve feed efficiency with a concomitant reduction in the cost of production and invariably increase animal protein. Previously, the use of antibiotics at sub therapeutic concentrations in livestock production was essential to improve digestibility...
Proceedings Article

Analysis on effect and relevant factors of ultrasound-guided lauromacrogol sclerotherapy to benign thyroid cyst

Dan Fei, Yang Li, Guoqing Sui
Purpose: lauromacrogol sclerotherapy was implemented through ultrasound-guided puncture of thyroid cyst for discussing the therapeutic effect to lauromacrogol hardening thyroid cyst. Method: 50 patients accepting thyroid cyst puncture sclerotherapy in ultrasonography department of our hospital were selected,...
Proceedings Article

Effectiveness of BAP (6-Benzyl Amino Purine) for Buds Induction of Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt.)

Dedi Satriawan, Steffanie Nurliana, Tutik Pujiyanti
This research aims to determine the most effective of BAP concentration for bud’s induction of nutmeg. The nutmeg plants used are obtained from the village of TanjungAgung, Sukamerindu, Bengkulu. The research was conducted from November to December 2019, at the Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of...
Proceedings Article

Association of Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma spp., Ureaplasma urealyticum and U. parvum with Human Papillomavirus in Patients with Cervical Cancer

A L Sahara, F Ibrahim, M N Massi, A Yasmon
Besides human papillomavirus (HPV), the cervical carcinogenesis is also affected by many risk factors including pathogenic bacteria such as Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Mycoplasma spp. (MS), Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU), and U. parvum (UP) infections. Thus, we studied the bacterial infections for 68 patients...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Trichoderma spp on Plant Height of Local Rice Varieties in the Early Phase of Growth

Azwir Anhar, Linda Advinda, Dwi Hilda Putri, V Atika, S Amimi
Shoots are important organs in plant growth, because the process of photosynthesis occurs in shoots, especially in plant leaves. Application Trichoderma as a bio fertilizer can increase the growth of shoots of various plants including superior varieties of rice plants. On the other hand, local rice varieties...
Proceedings Article

Nanotechnology in COVID-19 Vaccines

Ananya Jain, Shilpa Sharma
Nanotechnology has been proposed in vaccine development as carriers and adjuvants time and again but received limited recognition before the development of vaccines for the COVID-19 pandemic. Nanotechnology has played a pivotal role in the triumph of the vaccines for the current pandemic caused by the...
Proceedings Article

To Reduce the Hemocytometer Measurement Uncertainty of White Blood Cell Count by the Double Staining of Cell Nucleus

Ying-Ying Liu, Jing Wang
Acridine orange (AO) and ethidium bromide (EB) are two fluorescent dyes for cell nuclei staining. The nucleus images by these two staining can make it easy to differentiate white blood cell (WBC) from red blood cell (RBC). We applied this principle to the white blood cell count by hemocytometer and this...
Proceedings Article

Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activity from Three Different Solvents of Nephelium ramboutan-ake Leaves Crude Extract

Agmi Sinta Putri, Whicliffe Fiernaleonardo Pasedan, Irawan Wijaya Kusuma, Harlinda Kuspradini
Nephelium ramboutan-ake, is a species of Sapindaceae family, locally named Maritam from Kalimantan. However, there is limited information about the potency of this plant. The present study’s objective was to carry out the antioxidant and antibacterial activity of N. ramboutan-ake leaf extract by three...