Advances in Biological Sciences Research

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2271 articles
Proceedings Article

Optimization of DNA Isolation on Meat-Based Food Samples Using Phenol-Chloroform Method for the Development of Halal Detection Using In-House Method Analysis

Indah Mardhotillah, Afifatul Achyar, Moralita Chatri, Dwi Hilda Putri, Yuni Ahda
About 85% of Indonesia’s population is Moslem. Every Moslem is ordered to eat halal and good food. PCR is the most widely used molecular biology technique for authentication tests, through target DNA analysis, including the detection of pork-derived DNA in food products. DNA isolation is an important...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Sugarcane Top Fermented Using Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Cytophagasp to Dry Matter Degradation and Methane Emission

Wisri Puastuti, Dwi Yulistiani, Susana IW Rakhmani
The study evaluated dry matter degradation and methane gas emissions from sugarcane top-fermented to substitute grass. The first part of the research was to process sugarcane top using Phanerochaete chrysosporium (PC) and Cytophaga sp (CS) compared to sugarcane top without fermentation (SC). The second...
Proceedings Article

Study on Animal Model Characterization of Chinese Medicine

Xu ZHANG, Hui ZHOU, Xuan-xuan ZHU, Yi LIANG, Jia-chen WANG, Yan-yan MIAO, Ming-san MIAO
Characterization can reflect objectivity and represent objective things. With the development of pharmacology of Chinese Medicine in recent years and the deepening of animal model research in Chinese medicine, how to accurately and quickly copy the successful model animals according to the characterization...
Proceedings Article

Enhancement of The Edible Mushroom Pleurotus Ostreatus Yield via A New Liquid Fermentation Tank

Xiaoyu DUAN, Yu HU, Yuxian YOU, Qianqian TANG, Yiwen LI, Lan ZHANG, Cheng LI, Yuntao LIU
Nowadays, the edible and medicinal values of edible fungi have been widely recognized all over the world, particularly in China and Japan, the edible fungi have become important ingredients in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Hundreds of species of edible fungi had been studied and confirmed with biological...
Proceedings Article

Preliminary Checklist of Herpetofauna of Mount Sago Along the Hiking Trail in the Dry Season

Fitra Arya Dwi Nugraha, Ganda Hijrah Selaras, Rijal Satria
Some pristine habitat in the region of west Sumatera is less-explored due to low number of herpetologists in the area. However, many species were described as new to science based on morphological or molecular approaches. We conducted preliminary study to uncover the diversity of amphibians and reptiles...
Proceedings Article

Financial Analysis of Arabica Coffee Cultivation of Agroforestry Systems in Lembang Bokin, North Toraja Indonesia

Andi Lisnawati, Abubakar M. Lahjie, Syahrir Yusuf, Yosep Ruslim
Toraja is a centre for a coffee product in South Sulawesi. One of the most famous species is Arabica, one of the national superior-commodities with a high economic value. Given the demand for coffee, Arabica coffee needs to develop the plantation of Arabica coffee in particular. Therefore, it is crucial...
Proceedings Article

Ganoderma spp. Basidioma Variation from Infected Oil Palm on Smallholder Peatland Plantation in Kampar Regency, Riau, Indonesia

Rachmad Saputra, Anthony Hamzah, Fifi Puspita, Besri Nasrul, Irfandri
A total of 15 types of Ganoderma diversity in the world have been identified. In Indonesia, information related to the variety of Ganoderma has not been widely reported. Ganoderma is the main cause of stem rot disease of oil palm plants, which has been reported to attack at various stages of plant growth....
Proceedings Article

Growth and Yield of Onion as Affected by Mulch Types and Vermicompost Dose

Nanik Setyowati, Debby Nur Aryani, Wilman S. Bilman, Zainal Muktamar
The productivity of shallots could be increased through environmental factors manipulation. Mulching may inhibit the growth of the weed and preserve soil moisture, causing to the improvement of plant growth. Besides, organic fertilizers such as vermicompost could be used to increase the productivity...
Proceedings Article

Caribi Mobile Application Business Process Modeling

Rahmi Nur Shofa, Heni Sulastri, Firmansyah, Maulana Sugiarta Nursuwars
People’s behavior in buying and selling or investing in livestock has become a culture in Indonesia, this is even in some areas giving the term; “maro”, “paron”, “gadoh”, “maparoh”, “gaduh”. Currently, livestock investment is still done conventionally, where investors meet directly with farmers to make...
Proceedings Article

Sequence Analysis of the Phytoene Synthase Gene (PSY2) in Potato (Solanum Tuberosum)

Jie Ma, Xianzhi Wu, Rui Wu, Chunyan Chen, Yi Lu, Chaohai Wang, Ping Zhou
Phytoene Synthase (PSY) is an important enzyme in carotenoid biosynthesis. Here, the Solanum tuberosum PSY2 (StPSY2) gene sequences were obtained from Spud DB database, and preformed for sequence analysis. The StPSY2 gene mapped to chromosomes 2, and contains an open reading frame of 1,317 bp that encodes...
Proceedings Article

Study of Food Security Based on Expenditure Household Farmers Tea on the Community Plantation at Citengah Village, Sumedang Selatan District

Yuliana Samantha, Ning Sri Menganti, Lilis Rosdiana Amaliah
Food insecurity and famine often happened to small-scale farmers, fisherman and woodsmen. In this regard farmers in plantation community sector could not adapt to use subsistence living to fulfill their basic needs unlike food crops farmers. Research used quantitative design with descriptive survey....
Proceedings Article

The Use of Wedelia biflora Leaf Extract Influences the Platelet Count in Rats with Contusions

Rinidar, Muhammad Isa, Awaluddin
A contusion or bruise occurs when blood vessels are damaged or broken because of a trauma to the skin. The initial phase in responding to a contusion in the body is the entry of platelets into the wound area. This platelet infiltration functions as a hemostasis. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness...
Proceedings Article

The Habitat Characteristics of Banteng (Bos Javanicus D’alton, 1832) in Pringtali Feeding Ground, Meru Betiri National Park, East Java

Arif Mohammad Siddiq, Hari Sulistiyowati, Tom Reader
Banteng (Bos javanicus) is an endangered native species found in Meru Betiri National Park (MBNP), East Java, Indonesia. This research is aimed to identify the habitat characteristics of banteng at Pringtali feeding ground, Bandealit Resort, MBNP, which is one of the most important habitats for this...
Proceedings Article

Molecular Comparison between Two Similar Asteraceae Species (Synedrella nodiflora (L.) Gaertn. and Eleutheranthera ruderalis (Swartz) Sch._Bip) by the Use of trnL(UAA) - trnF(GAA) Intergenic Spacer

Murni Dwiati, Indrawati Indrawati, Agus Hery Susanto
Synedrella nodiflora (L.) Gaertn and Eleutheranthera ruderalis (Swartz) Sch.-Bip. are two Asteraceae species showing very similar morphological appearances. Both are broad-leaf weed species in some crops throughout many tropical areas. Nevertheless, the individual species can be potentially utilized...
Proceedings Article

Differences between Aureobasidium Pullulans CGMCC No.3337 and Aureobasidium Pullulans TKPM10017 on Synthesis of Poly (β-L-malic-acid) Metabolism

Hai-Song Yin, Yan-Hui Bian, Wei-Hua Tang, Xu-Jia Fan, Zheng Li, Chang-Sheng Qiao
Poly (β-L-malic-acid) (PMLA) is a sort of polyester and absolute biodegradable material. PMLA is a new type of nontoxic macromolecule material and with favorable biodegradation and biocompatibility. PMLA has extensive applications in the areas of pharmacy and medical industry. Application foreground...
Proceedings Article

Microbial Diversity in Post-Mining Land in Makroman Kelurahan, Sambutan District Samarinda City

Sopialena Sopialena
East Kalimantan is one of the areas rich in mining land, one of which is coal. Coal mining activities in Kaltim are generally carried out with open mining techniques, namely by clearing land, peeling top soil, moving the top layer of soil, and then mining coal. This technique results in physical, chemical...
Proceedings Article

Design and Construction of Multipurpose Grating Machine for Household and Micro/Small-Scale Business with Electric Motor

Athoillah Azadi, Mochamad Zakky, Heri Suliyanto
The accuracy and speed of preparation of raw materials was one of the keys to the success of a food processing business during the Pandemic and digital era. Mini multipurpose grating machine that was effective, efficient and hygienic was a tool for processed food production needed by micro and small...
Proceedings Article

Modification of Frying Oil and Batter for Fat Uptake Reduction in Deep-Fried Chicken Products: An Overview

Niaz Mahmud, Reza Tahergorabi
The expanding global demand for deep-fat fried chicken products is primarily driven by their highly desired and distinctive sensory qualities, accessibility, and affordability. However, one major worry voiced by consumers and stakeholders is its high-fat content. The high levels of dietary fat in deep-fried...
Proceedings Article

Influence of the Entomopathogenic Fungus, Verticillium lecanii (Zimm.) on the Cocoa Pod Borer, Conopomorpha cramerella (Snellen) Under in-Vitro Conditions

Alam Anshary, Shahabuddin Saleh, Flora Pasaru
Conopomorpha cramerella (Snellen) (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), known as the cocoa pod borer (CPB), is the main pest on cocoa plantation mainly in the Central Sulawesi Province-Indonesia. This pest significantly reduces cocoa production and the farmers’ income. Entomopathogenic fungi such as Verticillium...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Bacterial Community Structure and Diversity in Traditional Gold Mining Waste Disposal Site by Using a Metabarcoding Approach

Fatimawali, B J Kepel, M A Gani, T E Tallei
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of mercury contamination on bacterial community and structure in the contaminated soil at the mining waste disposal site (sample1) compare with uncontaminated soil (sample2). Mercury level was analyzed using the CVAFS method, and analysis of bacterial...
Proceedings Article

Prediction of Oil Palm Production Using Recurrent Neural Network Long Short-Term Memory (RNN-LSTM)

Muhdan Syarovy, Andri Prima Nugroho, Lilik Sutiarso, Suwardi, Mukhes Sri Muna, Ardan Wiratmoko, Sukarman, Septa Primananda
Prediction of oil palm production is essential so all activities can be planned effectively and efficiently, especially in financing. One can do many ways, one of which is utilizing production history data using the Recurrent Neural Network – Long Short-Term Memory (RNN-LSTM) model. RNN-LSTM is a Deep...
Proceedings Article

Synthesis and Characterization of Silica Gel from Corn Cob Skin and Cob Waste

Fatah Sulaiman, Yati Adawiyah, Muhammad Iman Santoso, Meutia, Afifah, Yeyen Maryani
The waste of husks and corn cobs that relatively abundant in Indonesia is mainly used as animal feed. Its utilization is still not maximized and pollutes the environment a lot. Corn husks and cobs contain silica, which can be used as a raw material in the manufacture of SiO2 silica gel. This study aims...
Proceedings Article

Advanced Results Test of Upland Rice Lines 7th Generation (F7) from Local Rice X Superior Varieties with Lodging Resistance in East Belitung Regency

Eries Dyah Mustikarini, Gigih Ibnu Prayoga, Ratna Santi, Herry Marta Saputra, Handika Pratama
Plant breeding activities are one of the efforts that can be done to get rice with a high yield. Advanced yield test is one of the yield test stages to identify genotypes of upland rice that has the potential as a new superior variety with high yielding and lodging resistance. This study aims to obtain...
Proceedings Article

Secondary Metabolites of Saponin and Tanin in Trembesi (Samanea saman) and Potential as Ruminant Feed

Ahimsa Kandi Sariri, Kustantinah Kustantinah
The purpose of this study was to examine the content of secondary metabolites of saponins and tannins in Trembesi (Samanea saman) plants so that their potential as ruminant animal feed could be known. This research is a descriptive study. The data obtained will be presented in a table. The data obtained...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Dietary Supplementation of Nutmeg Seed Essential Oil on Nutrient Consumption and Digestibility of Ettawa Crossbreed Goat

Ratna Amalia, Chusnul Hanim, Lies Mira Yusiati, Muhlisin Muhlisin
This research aimed to determine the effect of nutmeg seed essential oil (NSEO) dietary supplementation on nutrient consumption and digestibility of Ettawa Crossbreed Goats. Eleven Ettawa Crossbreed Goats, 1 to 1.5 years of age, with initial body weight ranged from 19 to 22.5 kg, were divided into control...
Proceedings Article

Using A New Mushroom Shake Flask Culture Device to Develop Suillellus Luridus

Yu HU, Xiaoyu DUAN, Yuxian YOU, Yingying HE, Yiwen LI, Qianqian TANG, Lan ZHANG, Cheng LI, Daiwen CHEN, Yuntao LIU
A new shake flask culture device was introduced in this paper, whose main part was comprised with mouth, body and bottom. Besides, it also included cork; pump; small bacteria filter and etc. So, the utility model had the advantages of simple structure, artful design, and it was more convenient to use....
Proceedings Article

Agricultural Resources Analysis: Urban Area’s Food Sufficiency in South Sulawesi Province

Raka Adi Bagaskara, Alfanni Nurul Kumalasari, Arsita Rahma Devaisnaini, Azhar Firman Ghani, Erlangga Jati Dewantara, Nisa Karimah, Tri Utami Setyawati, Ratih Fitria Putri
This study aims to analyze the problem of food sufficiency in urban areas of South Sulawesi Province using secondary data from the Central Statistics Agency of South Sulawesi Province in 2015-2019. The method used is quantitative descriptive analysis to determine the food adequacy of cities in South...
Proceedings Article

An Analysis of Egg Screening

Effect of Frequency on Hatchability, Hatch Weight, and Embryo Mortality of Quail (Coturnix-coturnix Japonica)

Amiluddin Indi, Rahim Aka, Achmat Selamet Aku, Hasria
This study aims to identify and to provide information about the effect of the best egg turning frequency of the best eggs on hatching, hatching weight, and mortality of quail embryos. This research was carried out at Poultry Laboratory, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Halu Oleo University in Kendari. It...
Proceedings Article

Price Volatility Analysis of Red Cayenne Pepper and Curly Red Chili in Kebumen District

Djeimy Kusnaman, Indah Setiawati, Arief Kelik Nugroho, Rifki Andi Novia
Kebumen Regency is an area with a surplus of chilies. The purpose of this study was to analyze the price volatility of red cayenne pepper and curly red chili at the consumer level. The research used was the ARCH-GARCH approach (Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity (ARCH) and Generalized Autogressive...
Proceedings Article

Potential of Orchid-Based Nature Tourism in the Traditional Zone of Lore Lindu National Park (Case Study of Karunia Village, Palolo District, Sigi Regency)

Adhitya Sukarno Widodo, Sri Ningsih Mallombasang, Naharuddin
This study aims to determine the feasibility of orchid-based nature tourism potential in the Traditional Zone of TNLL Karunia Village and determine the strategy of developing orchid-based nature tourism in the TNLL Zone of Karunia Village. The research was conducted through survey and interview activities...
Proceedings Article

SEMG Signals BP Neural Network Classification Based on Wavelet Packet Energy

Liuyang Xu, Lijuan Shi, Yi Yu, Xinqi He, Yun Zhao, Juntang Lin
The purpose of this paper is to study the different features of surface electromyography signals while subjects take different actions with their forearms. In this paper, the surface electromyography signals, recorded from some healthy volunteers under different actions (fist, fist exhibition, inside...
Proceedings Article

Variation on Photosynthetic Performance in Kiwifruit Seedling During Drought Stress and Rewatering

Yong Zhang, Qiyang Chen, Haoru Tang
Drought stress adversely impact on the global crop growth and productivity. It is especially important to elucidate the physiological characteristics on plants under drought stress. With the prolongation of drought time, chlorophyll content continued to decline. Root activity increased significantly...
Proceedings Article

Prospective Trends in Biotechnology for Biofuel

Armen Trchounian
The development of clean alternative biofuel, including biohydrogen, is of great significant interest. One method for biohydrogen is dark and light fermentation when hydrogenases are responsible enzymes for H2 metabolism. A further development of biotechnology for H2 production can be directed in the...
Proceedings Article

Screen of Chryseobacterium CHANGBAI-2 strain and Identification of the Antifungal Antibiotic from Its Fermentation Broth

Ning Yang, Yong Wang, Yu-Bo Wang, Li Zhang, Yong Lu, Quan-Jie Chen, Wen-Ge Zhang, Ming-Shan Ji
CHANGBAI-2 actinomycete strain was obtained by separating different kinds of soils from the nature. Moreover, the morphology, cultural characteristics, physiological-biochemical characteristics and 16S rDNA sequences of this strain were studied. A phylogenetic tree was constructed by comparing with the...
Proceedings Article

Focusky: What is The Product Validity Level for High School Students

Relsas Yogica, Agatha Pratiwi, Armen, Sa’diatul Fuadiyah, Lufri, Ristiono
The use of instructional media that suits students’ needs becomes a problem in biology learning in high school, especially in protist material. This is because the teacher is not skilled in getting and developing media to support learning that suits students’ needs. Although suitable learning media are...
Proceedings Article

Pathological Changes of Fasciola gigantica After Treatment with Nigella sativa in Vitro

Muhammad Hambal, Alfifatul Hidayah, Ummu Balqis, Farida Athaillah, Muttaqien, Siti Rani Ayuti, Wahyu Eka Sari, Henni Vanda
Black cumin (N. sativa) has been traditionally used as medicine for various infectious and non-infectious diseases, such as skin infection, conjunctivitis, hypertension, gastrointestinal problems, diabetes, and diarrhea. This study aimed at finding out the effect of black cumin, N. sativa on the survival...
Proceedings Article

The Ability of Fruit Fly Bactrocera spp. (Diptera: Tephritidae) Attack Different Age and Variety of Chili Pepper

Tamrin Abdullah, Sri Nur Aminah, Andi Nasruddin, Fatahuddin
Fruit fly Bactrocera spp. (Diptera: Tephtitidae) is the very important pest attacks many crop including chili pepper. The amount of injury to chili pepper caused by Bactrocera spp. depends on age and variety of plant. The purpose of research is to study the attack intensity of Bactrocera spp. to different...
Proceedings Article

Analysis Influence of Consumer Behavior to Purchase Organic Foods in Jakarta

Antonius Siahaan, Jeffry Thiodore
This research aims to prove whether there is positive correlation among theory of planned behavior variables and give suggestions to the organic food producers to create and formulate a preferable marketing strategy, achieve better sales performance and to support organic food growth in Jakarta. A survey...
Proceedings Article

Modern Analysis of Traditional Chinese Medicine for Chronic Abacterial Prostatitis

Jing LIU, Tan WANG, Huan LI, Ming BAI, Ming-san MIAO
Objective: To explore the therapeutic principles of modern Chinese medicine for chronic prostatitis and the application of TCM in CNP. Procedures and Methods: Analysised the relevant information and literature, to explore the mechanism of Chinese medicine for the treatment of prostatitis, sum up TCM...
Proceedings Article

The quality and chemical composition of eggs derived from Kampung Unggul Balitbangtan (KUB) crossed with Merawang and Murung Panggang local chickens

A. D. Anggita, E. Wahyuni, D. Maharani, Nurliyani
The efforts to support food security and increase the income of farmers, local chickens have a great potential to be developed into superior breeds, including superior egg production. This study aimed to evaluate the quality and chemical composition of eggs produced from Kampung Unggul Balitbangtan (KUB)...
Proceedings Article

Phytochemicals as Potential Drug Candidates for SARS Cov-2: An RDRp Based In-Silico Drug Designing

Christy Joy, Marria C. Cyriac
The global pandemic that the world is currently witnessing, COVID-19, even with vaccines available, the test positivity rate (TPR) tends to remain highly threatening. This research focuses on identifying phytochemicals, previously known for their broad-spectrum antiviral properties which can be potential...
Proceedings Article

Estimation of Shelf-life of Porang Glucomannan Analog Rice By Accelerated Shelf-life Testing (ASLT) Method

Michael Surya Dharma, Yayon Pamula Mukti, Gisela Buschle-Diller, Ardhia Deasy Rosita Dewi
Analog rice is rice made from some or all non-rice ingredients and was created as a food diversification product so that it can be an alternative staple food to replace rice produced from rice. The shelf-life of food products can be determined using the ASLT method, which in principle accelerates the...
Proceedings Article

Comparison of the Effect of Adding Coca-Cola and Sugar on Setting Time and Concrete Compressive Strength

Tamrin Rahman, Annisa Miranda, Juli Nurdiana, Mardewi Jamal
This study aims to compare the effect of the addition of Coca-Cola and granulated sugar on the performance of the mixture. This research is using experimental method. First, watch the effect of granulated sugar and sugar content in Coca-Cola given on the weight of cement at the initial setting time and...
Proceedings Article

Perception of Palm Sugar SMEs on E-Commerce in Business Development Effort

Agus David Ramdansyah, Nurul Ummi, Mira Maulani Utami
By using descriptive analysis, the purpose of this study is to describe perception of palm sugar SMEs to ability of e- commerce as a media that can help develop their business. Result of this study shows that although use of e- commerce is still low, palm sugar SMEs have perceived benefit of it and can...
Proceedings Article

Revenue Optimization Analysis of Rattan Furniture Industry in Palu City, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia (Case Study in PT Meubel Rotan Subur)

Andi Sahri Alam, Hendra Pribadi, Suci Suraidah
Rattan was one of the forest plants that had a high commercial value. Besides, it was a source of foreign exchange, which uses a lot of farmers. Rattan furniture was a very potential product in Indonesia, so it must be maintained and even developed, especially by utilizing the domestic market, which...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Triticum aestivum L. Wheat Grass Juice Planted with Various Media on the Hemoglobin of Anemic Male Mice (Mus musculus L.)

M. Des, Elsa Yuniarti, Atradinal Atradinal
Indonesia frequently experiences the health issue of anemia. This occurs when there are insufficient levels of hemoglobin in the blood, which is caused by a lack of iron, which is necessary for the synthesis of hemoglobin. Wheat grass is one of the iron-rich foods that can be consumed as an alternative...
Proceedings Article

Indigofera zollingerianan Effect as a Subtitute of Concentrate on Growth of Etawa Goats to Digestibility of Fiber Fractions

Evitayani Evitayani, L. Warly, F. Rifaldy
This study was aimed to determine the effect of giving Indigofera zollingeriana as a substitute for concentrate in the diet of Etawa crossbreed goats during growth fed by field grass on fiber fraction digestiility. This study used an experimental method with a Randomized Block Design with 3 treatments...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Dietary Supplementation with Protected Lemuru Fish Oil on Nutrient Intake and Average Daily Gain of Thin-Tailed Sheep

Ratri Ratna Dewi, Kustantinah Kustantinah, Muhlisin Muhlisin
This study aimed to determine the effect of dietary supplementation with protected lemuru fish oil (Sardinella longiceps) on nutrient intake and the average daily gain of thin-tailed sheep. This study was conducted from September to October 2020 in Dumbira Farm, Kalasan, Yogyakarta. Twelve sheep were...
Proceedings Article

The Potential of Production and Characteristic of Oleoresin Tapped from Dipterocarpus verrucosus as Natural Ingredient for Multi Purposes

Andrian Fernandes, Rizki Maharani
Keruing (Dipterocarpus) is one of the Dipterocarpaceae family which produces oleoresin. Dipterocarpus species diversities will give the difference in oleoresin obtained from tapping, and its physical and chemical properties. This research aimed to determined the distribution of tapped oleoresin of D...
Proceedings Article

Research Status and Development Trend of The Signal Pathway of Allergic Asthma

Hexia LI, Chaopin LI, Xinfeng WANG, Qian LIU
Allergic asthma is a chronic airway inflammatory disease characterized by the infiltration of eosinophils in the lungs and the production of various kinds of stimulating factors, incidence rate showed an upward trend. In this paper, the research status and future development trend of the signal pathway...
Proceedings Article

Population of Asian Corn Stem Borer (Ostrinia furnacalis) on F1 of Beauveria bassiana-Inoculated Corn

Itji Diana Daud, Sylvia Sjam, Sari Bulang, Mustika Tuwo
Corn is a commodity in agriculture and Indonesian economic that has a multi-purpose function, both for food and feed. Corn in Indonesia is a major food staple and agricultural commodity after rice. One obstacle in effort to increase the productivity of corn is stem borer Ostrinia furnacalis which can...
Proceedings Article

Selection of Culture Medium and Incubation Time for Growth and Production of Beauvericin by Local Beauveria bassiana

Y. P. Roswanjaya, N. A. Saryanah, W. Nawfetrias, H. Rosdayanti, A. L. Putri
Beauveria bassiana, an entomopathogenic fungus, is a high producer of beauvericin (BEA). BEA is a proven and useful compound as a mycoinsecticide for plant pest control and a potential antifungal and anticancer agent for human. BEA produced by Beauveria bassiana fungi, mainly found as an intracellular...
Proceedings Article

Biometric Diversity of Chondrichthyes Caught by Bengkulu City Fishermen Observed at the Fish Auction Site (TPI) Pulau Baai Bengkulu

Novia Duya, Risma Hurhidayah, Jarulis
Fish is an aquatic animal that has a high diversity. Baai Island Fish Auction Place (TPI) is a fish landing place used as the largest fishing center in the city of Bengkulu. The purpose of this study was to determine the diversity and morphometric characteristics of the different types of Chondrichthyes...
Proceedings Article

The Role of Synbiotics (Commercial Product) as a Substitute for Antibiotic Growth Promotor (AGP) in the Performance and Blood Values of Cobb-strain Broilers Challenged with Salmonella enteritidis

J C Ajiguna, V C Prakasita, T E M Nahak, C R Tabbu, C M Santosa, A E T H Wahyuni
Feed is the main requirement for broilers farms. However, continuous use of AGP can cause antibiotic resistance in poultry and humans. The effectiveness of feed additives in preventing some disease agents has not been much scrutinized. Among the diseases that often arise is Salmonellosis. This study...
Proceedings Article

Antioxidant and Anticholesterol Activity of Chitooligosaccarides Hydrolyzed of Golden Apple Snail (Pomacea canaliculata) Shell Using Various Types of Enzyme

Dedin Finatsiyatull Rosida, Jariyah, Sekar Ayu Larasati, Teeradate Kongpichitchoke, Anugerah Dany Priyanto, Andre Yusuf Trisna Putra
Chitosan (β1-4 N-acetyl D-glucosamine) is a chitin derivative compound which is obtained through the deacetylation stage, namely the process of releasing the acetamide group in chitin (CH3CONH) so that it becomes an amine group (NH2) in chitosan. The manufacture of chitosan is carried out through 3 stages,...
Proceedings Article

Sustainable Wool Production and Management System in Small Enterprise

Mohammad Ikhsan Shiddieqy, Bess Tiesnamurti, Ratna Ayu Saptati, Pita Sudrajad
Sheep are mainly raised to produce meat in Indonesia. Wool from local sheep have not been utilized and become a waste when the farmers shear the wool for sanitation purposes. On the other hand, Indonesia has sheep breed that potential as wool producer. Wonosobo Sheep, crossing of local breed and Texel,...
Proceedings Article

The Level of Leachate Contamination in Groundwater Quality at Kawatuna Landfills Palu City

Zeffitni A. Iin, Nindy Karlinda, K. Alricha
Municipal solid waste has been a government concern due to its wicked problem for. the environment. Not only its management complexity, but leachate that potentially leaks to specific groundwater in Palu can pull impacts. The study explores the groundwater quality level surrounding the Kawatuna landfills...
Proceedings Article

Analysis on imaging diagnostic value of bone tumor

Rui Jiang, Ziyan Zhang, Han Wu, Chao Zhang
Objective: to discuss the clinical value of digital X-radiography (DR), computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in diagnosing bone tumors; Methods: 45 bone tumor patients accepted from November 2010 to February 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. All 45 patients underwent DR examination,...
Proceedings Article

Dynamics of the Accumulation of the Biologically Active Substances Sanguisorba Officinalis L. Depending on Vertical Zonal

Boris Tsugkiev, Larisa Gagieva, Vladimir Cherniavskih, Elena Dumacheva, Svetlana Korolkova
The species Sanguisorba officinalis L. is widespread in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania and is promising for the study and practical use of the pharmacological and food industry. The aim of the work is to analyze the dynamics of biologically active substances in the phytomass S. officinalis depending...
Proceedings Article

Relationship Between Naturalis, Spatial-Visual, and Interpersonal Intelligences with Biology Learning Outcomes of Student Grade X Interest Linguistics at Senior High School (SMAN 1), V Koto Kampung Dalam

Ganda Hijrah Selaras, Rahmadhani Fitri, Rizki Rahman Putra, Rika Andima
This research is a descriptive study conducted in April in grade X language class interest in biology at SMAN 1 V Koto Kampung Dalam Padang Pariaman 2018/2019 academic year. The sampling technique is simple random sampling. The research instrument used MI Questionnaire specializing in three intelligences,...
Proceedings Article

Efficacy of Jatropha Sap (Jatropha curcas L.) Cream on Epithelialization Phase of Cutaneous Wound Healing in Mice Using Masson Trichome Staining

M. Nur Salim, Ummu Balqis, Rahma Erlis, Dian Masyitha, Erdiansyah Rahmi, Abdul Harris
This study aims to determine the efficacy of 10% Jatropha curcas Linn. cream on the epithelialization phase of cutaneous wound healing in mice (Mus musculus) using Masson Trichrome staining. This study used nine male mice, aged 2-3 months old with 2 cm incision was made on the back. The mice were divided...
Proceedings Article

The Potential of Broiler Chicken Development: A Case Study of Broiler Breeders in Kambu District, Kendari City

Amiluddin Indi, Deki Zulkarnain, Yamin Yaddi, Asriamin Mursadat
This study aims to determine the carrying capacity of broiler chicken development in Kambu District, Kendari City. Purposive sampling technique with four farmers who maintain broiler chickens in Kambu District. This study uses descriptive analysis to formulate and interpret existing data to provide a...
Proceedings Article

Paddy Farm Income in Relation to Experience and Geographical Regions in East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Karmini Karmini, Karyati Karyati
The low level of paddy farm income is serious problem in the development of paddy farming in East Kalimantan. The results of some previous studies showed experience has ability to influence farmer income, however, limited studies discussed about geographical regions. The objectives of this study were...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Different Combinations of Rice Straw, Cassava Powder, and Palm Kernel Cake on Intake and Digestibility by Ongole Crossbred Bulls

Cuk Tri Noviandi, M. Shihabudin Muzaki, Andriyani Astuti, Dimas Hand Vidya Paradhipta, Ali Agus, Simon Quigley, Dennis Poppi
The present study investigated the effects of different combinations of cassava powder and palm kernel cake on intake and digestibility of Ongole Crossbred bulls fed a fixed amount of rice straw. Ongole bulls (n=24) were assigned to five dietary treatments (n=5 bulls/treatment for all treatments, except...
Proceedings Article

Sleep Spindle Detection Based on Complex Demodulation

Jiabin Li, Bei Wang, Yu Zhang
In this paper, we investigated the characteristic waveform of sleep spindle by using complex demodulation method (CDM). The ultimate purpose is to develop the automatic sleep spindle detection algorithm for overnight sleep data inspection. The main method includes four procedures. Firstly, the influences...
Proceedings Article

Preparation of Diuridine and Dicytidine Pentaphosphates

Yue-Hai You, Shan-Shan Gong, Qi Sun
Two symmetrical dinucleoside pentaphosphates, Up5U and Cp5C, were synthesized via the activation of the P (V)–N bond. The key nucleoside phosphoropiperidates intermediate were obtained by a redox condensation method. The reaction of the phosphoropiperidate with uridine and cytidine tetraphosphate in...
Proceedings Article

Safety Evaluation of Diethyl Citrate and Its Impact on Vascular Calcification

Chao-Yang Duan, Ling-Hong Huang, Da Guo, Jian-Ming Ouyang, Jin Han, Bao-Song Gui
To investigate the inhibitory effects of diethyl citrate (Et2Cit) on calcification, Et2Cit was given to animals (SD rats) of the vascular calcification model. The results showed that Et2Cit is safety and non-toxic by intraperitoneal administration. Compared with control group, Et2Cit can reduce tail...
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Robusta Coffee Brewing and Type of Backsound Music on Consumer Sensory Profiles in Suroloyo Coffee

Dinar Rafika Puspitasari, Bamban Widan Purwoko, Hanny Marlinda, Irmaziza Citraningrum, Muhammad Kusnan Abadi, Annie Mufyda Rahmatika, Iman Sabarisman, Satria Bhirawa Anoraga
Suroloyo coffee is a type of coffee originating from the top of Suroloyo, Kulon Progo, Yogyakarta. One of the coffee products that has a distinctive taste in Suroloyo is Robusta. Processing coffee as a beverage depends on the brewing technique used. Coffee brewing is usually done using manual techniques,...
Proceedings Article

Design and Development of California Papaya Murability Detection Based on Learning Vector Quantization Method Using LDR Sensor and Camera

Masjudin, Alimuddin Alimuddin, Oktavia Widia Ningrum, Romi Wiryadinata
Sorting the ripeness of papaya fruit is generally done manually. Technological developments can simplify and speed up the work of farmers in sorting papaya fruit, such as using the TCS3200 series LDR sensor, which produces red, green, and blue color frequency values. This sensor can distinguish ripe...
Proceedings Article

A Novel Feature Selection Method for Gene Expression Data Based on Samples Localization

Mingyue SHENG, Wei DU, Yuan TIAN, Yanchun LIANG
It is an important and hot topic for researchers to develop an efficient and robust feature selection method from gene expression profile data with thousands of genes and small sample size. At present, most of feature selection methods are constructed models to use all samples of gene expression data,...
Proceedings Article

Community Empowerment and Social Media Models as Marketing Communication Innovations for Local Culinary Products in Serang, Indonesia

Nurprapti Wahyu Widyastuti, Abdelrahman Ali, Rahmi Winangsih, Hidayatullah Haila
Indonesia is predicted to experience demographic bonuses during the period 2025-2030. Consequently, the Indonesian government is required to provide employment opportunities, food sufficiency, and other basic needs. At the same time, Indonesia has been facing the challenges and problems resulted from...
Proceedings Article

Fortification of Dayak Onion Extract (Eleutherine palmifolia (L.) Merr.) to Jelly Drink as a Functional Food

Yayon Pamula Mukti, Berliana Yusup, Ardhia Deasy Rosita Dewi, Se Chan Kang
Indonesia is a nation characterized by a diverse array of plant species that possess notable health benefits. Among these botanical resources is the Dayak onion, scientifically known as Eleutherine palmifolia (L.) Merr. The Dayak Tribe – an indigenous people of Borneo’s island has historically utilized...
Proceedings Article

Comparative Analysis of Eco-Friendly Agriculture and Marketing Innovation on Shallot Farming

Case Study: Lestari Mulyo Farmer Group, Selopamioro Village, Imogiri Subdistrict, Bantul, Yogyakarta Special Region

Tri Martini, Kurnianita Triwidyastuti, Hano Hanafi, Joko Pramono, Soeharsono Soeharsono
The habit of farmers selling crops with a slash system is a practice of buying and selling carried out by wholesalers by buying agricultural products before entering the harvest period. The practice of buying and selling without perfect use sometimes causes the unclear amount of the goods sold, to cause...
Proceedings Article

Reducing Fat-Uptake in Fried Chicken Using Edible Coating and Sweet Potato Starch Batter

Lovie Matthews, Daniel Ananey-Obiri, Seyed Vali Hosseini, Reza Tahergorabi
Protein-based edible coatings with various concentrations (5, 10, and 15%) of chicken protein were prepared from chicken protein isolates using isoelectric solubilization/precipitation. Two batters were used in this study. A new batter containing sweet potato starch (SPS) was prepared and a commercial...
Proceedings Article

Design for Application of Solar Power Plant in the Faculty of Engineering Mulawarman University

Indra Nusantara, Nur Rani Alham, Happy Nugroho, Muslimin, Restu Mukti Utomo
This research will discuss regarding the design of implementing Solar Power Plants (PLTS) through technical analysis with two systems, namely, the On-Grid system and the Off-Grid system. In addition, it will discuss economic analysis using the Net Present Value (NPV), Profitability Index/Benefit Cost...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Application of UV Irradiated Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae on Larval Weight and Mortality of Spodoptera litura

Siti Herlinda, Sangkut Sri Oktareni, Suparman, Erise Anggraini, Elfita, Arum Setiawan, Marieska Verawaty, Hasbi, Benyamin Lakitan
Entomopathogenic fungi have been widely used to control insect pests. The objective of this experiment was to find out the insecticidal activity of filtrate of entomopathogenic fungal cultures exposed to ultra violet (UV) C against the larvae of Spodoptera litura. The fungi used were Beauveria bassiana...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Implementation of the Example Non-Example Method on VII Grade Students’ Natural Science Psychomotor Competence in the Living System Organization Subject

Lufri Lufri, Amrianto Amrianto, Azwir Anhar
Instruction in the 2013 Curriculum emphasizes more in students’ activeness in looking for information and knowledge. However, based on the questionnaire spread in one school which has been implemented the 2013 Curriculum, it is known that students tend to be passive in learning, especially in asking...
Proceedings Article

Circan: A Database of Circular RNAs Exploring Chromosomal Linkages in Human Cancers

Gaurav Kumar Bhagat
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) represent a milieu of non-coding RNAs that play a major role in gene regulation, development, and carcinogenesis. Circan is a database of cancer associated circular RNAs. As the interest in circRNA increases, Circan provides a systematic annotation of circRNA dysregulation in...
Proceedings Article

Excretion of Endogenous Purine Derivatives in Male and Female Garut sheep

Mutiara Mustika Putri Mahanani, Chusnul Hanim, Lies Mira Yusiati
The aim of this study was to determine the value of endogenous purine derivatives (PD) excreted in the urine Garut sheep. The endogenous PD excretion of male and female Garut sheep was compared using an independent student t-test. In this experiment, six males and six females Garut sheep of similar age...
Proceedings Article

Researches on the Progress of Antiallergic Traditional Chinese Medicine and Its Mechanism

Xuan WU
With the study of anti-allergy medicine, it proves traditional Chinese medicine has anti-allergic effects and several other functions, such as protecting and stabilizing the target cell membrane (reduce or prevent degranulation, release the allergy mediators, increase the intracellular cAMP levels),...
Proceedings Article

Application Research of Small Molecule Peptide Screening Based on Cancer Cells

Yani Hou, Min Shi, Hui Wang, Jia Liu, Rongli Liu
With the rapid development of biology, more and more attention has been paid to the research, which is very valuable, about small molecule peptide of which the structure is relatively simple and the molecular weight is small. This paper summarizes the characteristics of small molecular peptide, the screening...
Proceedings Article

Clarification of the irritating and toxic effects of bentonite-like clays

Alexander Vezentsev, Vladimir Bukhanov, Alexander Lopanov, Nikolay Zuev, Ulyana Krut, Galina Shaidorova
This article studies the action and biocompatibility of the developed montmorillonite-containing preparation “Sorbent” on experimental animals with its long-term use. The local irritating effect of the “Sorbent” preparation was evaluated by its effect on the gastric mucosa of animals with experimental...
Proceedings Article

Community-Based Forest Management in Indonesia as a Forest Fire Mitigation Strategy in the Threat of Climate Change

Ardiyanto W Nugroho
Forest fire in Indonesia is complicated, influenced by social conflicts between the government and local people or forest landholder companies. In an extreme drought resulting from global warming, forest fires result in severe forest degradation, threatening forest biodiversity. This paper will discuss;...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Veitchia merrillii Extract on Mortality and Tegument Structure of Fasciola gigantica

Henni Vanda, Reza Aulia Anwar, M. Daud AK, Farida Athaillah, Ummu Balqis, Siti Rani Ayuti, Frengki Frengki
This study was conducted to explore the effect of methanolic extract of Veithcia merrillii on mortality time and histopathological changes of Fasciola gigantica in vitro. This study used 25 adult flukes of F. gigantica, divided into five groups: C0 as negative control (0.9% PBS), C1 as positive control...
Proceedings Article

Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] Yield Variance and Supported Character

Pratanti Haksiwi Putri, Novita Nugrahaeni
Cowpea is an underutilized legume that has been cultivating in Indonesia. But, the availability of cowpea variety is limited. Cowpea breeding program is started with gene source characterization of germplasm. This research aims to study the yield and its supported component variability of cowpea germplasm....
Proceedings Article

Physical and Chemical Properties of Corn-Almond Cookies Affected by Mung Bean Supplementation and Source of Fat

Nur Aini, Budi Sustriawan, Ervina Mela, Lisna Fuji Lestari
Cookies generally contain gluten because they are made from wheat flour obtained from wheat, while there are groups that are intolerant of gluten. Patients with gluten intolerance also tend not to be able to consume casein and lactose intolerance. So, one of the innovations that can be done to make cookies...
Proceedings Article

Local Wisdom of Horticultural Farmers in Adapting and Facing the Obstacles in Climate Change

Yuli Hariyati, Susan Barbara Patricia SM, Ayu Puspita Arum, Bakhroini Habriantono, Sukron Romadhona
The effect of climate change on the productivity of horticultural commodities is very large. So that the formulation of the problem taken in this study is: What are the known and experienced climate change phenomena and the obstacles faced by farmers in the horticulture subsector in Probolinggo. What...
Proceedings Article

Land Cover Change of Kawatuna Sub-Watershed in Central Sulawesi

Hasriani Muis, Abdul Rahman, Golar, Arman Maiwa, Ramdhani Fitrah, Hendra Pribadi, Stephen Paulus
The management of watersheds around Palu City is very complex, both in activities and land cover changes, reducing watersheds’ performance. The phenomenon of land cover change continues to develop, and spatial modeling of land cover change is needed to minimize interventions in the impact of growth and...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Kiapu (Pistia Stratiotel L) in Fermented Diet on Feed Consumption, Final Body Weight, Feed Conversion, Feed Efficiency and Cholesterol Content of Breast and Leg Muscle on Selected Local Chicken

Sri Jeksi, Muhammad Daud, M. Aman Yaman
The purpose of present study was to examine the effect of Kiapu (Pistia stratiotes L) in fermented diet on feed consumption, final body weight, feed conversion, feed efficiency and cholesterol content of breast and leg muscle on selected local chicken (SLC). Fermented diet containing different levels...
Proceedings Article

Metabolite Profiling of Davallia in The Mentawai Islands, West Sumatra, Indonesia

Mildawati Mildawati, Sobir Sobir, Sulistijorini Sulistijorini, Tatik Chikmawati
This study revealed the metabolite compounds of the Davallia species in the Mentawai Islands, West Sumatra, through metabolite profiling. This study aimed to determine the chemical compounds in the leaves of the Davallia species. Leaf samples of three species, D. denticulata (Burm. f.) Kuhn var. denticulata,...
Proceedings Article

Immunoassays of Methionine Adenosyltransferase Activity, S-adenosylmethione and Their Applications

Xiu-Juan Hao, Hui-Jun Li, Min Zhou
To understand how S-adenosylmethione (SAM) fluctuates in normal and cancerous liver cells, we developed novel methods for measuring methionine adenosyltransferase (MAT) activity and SAM. This method integrated MAT-catalyzed reaction and immunoassay that specifically and quantifies product SAM. IHC, IF...
Proceedings Article

Seed Biopriming Using Rhizobacterial Isolated Mixture on Increasing Growth and Yield of Shallots (Allium ascalonicum L.)

G. A. K. Sutariati, T. C. Rakian, Muhidin, A. Madiki, C. K. Aji, La Mudi, Andi Khaeruni, Gusti Ngurah Adhi Wibawa, Musadia Afa
Shallot is very potential to be developed in Southeast Sulawesi, but its productivity is very low, so it needs technological innovation, including the use of microbes as a promoter of plant growth. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of shallots seed biopriming using a mixture of rhizobacterial...
Proceedings Article

The Dynamics of Indonesia’s Pepper Exports in International Market: A Case Study on the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Dita Rosyita, Jangkung H. Mulyo, Irham
Indonesia ranks fourth in the global list of pepper exporters. This commodity contributes the largest foreign exchange from spices, and thus, the sustainability of Indonesia’s pepper exports is crucial. However, the presence of the COVID-19 pandemic poses several constraints, such as the decline in the...
Proceedings Article

Specific Thermophilic Bacterial Xylanase Enzyme Activity Using Rice Straw as Substrate and Its Possibility as an Eco-friendly Fabric Bleach

Irdawati Irdawati, Zul Hidayati, Linda Advinda, Mades Fifendy, Salvia Salvia
Extracellular enzyme xylanase has a wide range of industrial uses. The xylanase enzymes made by thermophilic bacteria can hydrolyze xylan into xylose and xylooligosaccharides. Rice straw, for example, is a natural carbon source that can be utilized to create xylan carbon sources. One of xylanase’s uses...
Proceedings Article

Correlation of Multiple Intelligences With Science Learning Attitude in Junior High School

Ardi, Narada Hana Nurfadhilah
Multiple intelligences is one of the theories of intelligences got a lot of recognition lately. This theory was created by Howard Gardner, a psychologist from Harvard. At first Gardner found seven types of intelligence but then develop it into eight, and discuss the possibility of intelligence ninth....
Proceedings Article

Isolation and Identification of Mold in Banana Bunches and Their Potential as Bioinoculants to Accelerate Decomposition of Household Organic Waste

L Prihastini, A H Ramelan, P Setyono, Pranoto, A Supriyanto
Large populations and final storage areas cause an increase in organic waste. Efforts are needed to improve waste decomposition. Mold is one of the microorganisms that can break down organic waste. This study aims to 1) isolate and identify molds from 8 banana bunches, 2) calculate mold populations....
Proceedings Article

Synthesis and Detecting Cancer Studies of Up-Conversion Luminescent Materials

Tao Luan, Deming Han, Baitao Zeng, Lihui Zhao
In this article, designed and preparated rare earth luminescence nanoparticle through different core-shell and doping ratio, improving synthetic conditions, it has uniform size and good crystallinity. Modified nanoparticles with DTT , surface of the nanoparticles with sulphur and combine with oral cancer...
Proceedings Article

Anticoagulant Properties of a New Anticoagulant Diethyl Citrate in Rabbit Model

Jin Han, Zeng-Ying Liu, Chen-Ying Rao, Jian-Ming Ouyang, Da Guo, Bao-Song Gui
A novel anticoagulant, diethyl citrate (Et2Cit) was synthesized and characterized by carbon nuclear magnetic resonance (13C NMR), mass spectrometry and UV-visible spectroscopy. There were two isomers with different chemical environments, that is, 1, 3-diethyl citrate and 1,5-diethyl citrate. Through...
Proceedings Article

Sensitivity Analysis of Swiftlet Farming in Kota Bangun, District Kutai Kartanegara Regency, Indonesia

Mursidah Mursidah, Abubakar M. Lahjie, Masjaya Masjaya, Yaya Rayadin
farming is a high-risk business. However, given the level of income (as measured by financial viability), most swiftlet farmers take the risk. Swiftlet farming is a business that lasts for a long time. During this period there are several changes that occur, which will affect the viability of the business....
Proceedings Article

Genetic Diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolates circulating in North Central Nigeria

Stella S. Makpu, Kome Otokunefor, Tosanwumi Vincent Otokunefor
With the higher risk of tuberculosis associated with developing countries, it has increasingly become imperative to determine the genetic diversity of strains of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC). This is essential for establishing control programs as it provides information on possible sources...