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Germination and Seedling Growth of Hybrid and Madura Local Corn on Salt Stress

Kelik P. W. Sukma, Isdiana Suprapti, Budi Setiadi Daryono, Purnomo
Madura Salt Tolerance Corn (var. Duko and var. Elos) and Hybrid Corn (Sukmaraga and Anoman-1) were germinated on 0, 100, 200, 300 and 400 mM NaCl for 7 days. Then its planted by wick system hydroponic also on the same NaCl concentration for 14 days, conducted by using randomized block design with 4 replications....

Color Properties and Stabilizing Effect of Metal Ion on Anthocyanin from Buni (Antidesma bunius) Fruit

Swanty Rahmazania Mustika, Abdullah Muzi Marpaung
The objectives of this research were to evaluate the possibility of metal complexation in generating blue color, and the stability of the anthocyanin from Buni (Antidesma bunius) fruit extract. Four different metals ions (Ca2+, Mg3+, Al3+, and Fe3+) have tested at three concentrations level (0 ml, 0.01...

In Vitro Bioassay of Allelopathy in Robusta Coffee Callus Using Sandwich Method

Muchamad Imam Asrori, Hamako Sasamoto, Shinjiro Ogita
The allelopathic potential of various plants, including coffee species, has been studied. Although the allelopathic potential of coffee leaves, stems, and roots has been reported, there is no detailed information about coffee callus. Since this callus produces bioactive metabolites, we focused on investigating...

Effectiveness of Biological and Leaf Insecticides to Control the Chilli (Capsicum annum) Pest in Ternate Island

Betty Kadir Lahati, Sugeng Haryanto
The aim of this research is to learn the effectiveness of biological and leaf insecticides against the population and attack intensity of pests on chilli crops. Factorial Randomized Block Design (RBD) was used in this experiment, while there are two factors,i.e. biological insecticide(isolate of Beauveriabassiana)...

The Effect of Pb Sourced Application on the Growth and Yield of Vegetable Crops

Yekti Sri Rahayu, Tatik Wardiyati, Dawam Maghfoer, Eko Handayanto
Pb input into agricultural land in addition to the natural geological activities, can also be produced from anthropogenic activities such as the application of organic matter, fertilizers and the use of pesticides. Although Pb is not an essential element for plants, plants can absorb it from the soil...

The Strategy of Developing Broiler Chicken Agribusiness on Livestock Partner Farms in the Village of Sasa, Ternate Sub-District, Ternate City

Fatmawati Kaddas, Sri Lestari
The livestock partner is a livestock company located in the South Ternate district, which provides live and slaughtered broiler chickens. Livestock partner is also very concerned about the distribution and marketing of broiler chickens because the prospect of broiler chickens is still promising with...

A Review of Challenge and Prospect of No-Tillage Practice to Sustain Spices Cropping Systems in North Maluku

Lily Ishak, Sarni, Erwin Ladjinga, Ramli Hadun
No-tillage or zero-tillage has been adopted for years by local farmers to sustain islands-based tropical spices cropping systems across the North Maluku region. Various studies in other parts of the world have proven a remarkable effect of this practice on soil health indicated by the enhancement of...

Physicochemical Characterization of Dioscorea spp. in Manokwari Regency, West Papua

Paulus Chadikun, Amalia Tetrani Sakya, Vita Ratri Cahyani, Maria Theresia Sri Budiastuti
Dioscorea spp is a wild plant which is an important food source, however there are no published studies on the nutritional composition of this plants growing at Manokwari Regency. Physical analysis includes color testing using the brand Minolta Reflectance Chromameter type CR-300. Chemical analysis includes...

Reinforcement of Carrageenan/Starch Based Bio-Composite by Beads-Milled Chitosan

Camellia Panatarani, Emma Rochima, Ayunani, Sundoro Yoga, I Made Joni
Carrageenan/corn starch bio-composites is an important biodegradable composite as a substitute for conventional plastic and known as an environmentally friendly material. However, Carrageenan/corn starch bio-composite has poor mechanical properties. This paper reports the effect of chitosan NPs filler...

Making Beverages Cherry Brewed Leaves (Muntigia calabura. l) with Stevia (Stevia rebaudiana) as a Low-Calorie Natural Sweetener

Mulyati M. Tahir, Mariyati Bilang, Jumriah Langkong, Nurmitasari, Anisyah Hariadi
Drinks combination of cherry leaves and dried stevia leaves can be used as a health drink contains antioxidants and low-calorie sugar. This study aims to get types of proper drying in the manufacture of beverages so that the antioxidant content is not damaged and lost. The analysis was conducted on the...

Glycemic Index of Biscuit Non-Wheat from Mangrove Fruits Flour with Arrowroot and Canna Flours

Jariyah, Nungki Elvandari, Sri Winarti, Ulya Sarofa
Unhealthy eating patterns such as consumption of fast food, high fat, low fiber, and not followed by sufficient physical activities can cause health problems. One problem related to high glucose intake is diabetes mellitus, a type of degenerative disease. The food glycemic index is a food level according...

Encapsulation of Gotu Kola Leaf (Centella asiatica) Flavonoid in Instant Powder Drink Using Maltodextrin

Satrijo Saloko, Dody Handito, Nurul Nur Aeni
One of the methods that can be used for making Gotu kola (Centella asiatica) instant powder drink is encapsulation using freeze-drying technique. In order to maintain the flavonoid compound, needed of coating material that functions as protection material, that is maltodextrin. This research aimed to...

The Evaluation of Gorontalo Local Upland Rice Against Drought Stress During Germination Phase

Aisyah Ahmad, Patta Sija, Rima Melati
The aim of this research is to find out the tolerance level of Gorontalo local upland rice against drought stress given during the germination stage with vigor index and normal sprout dry weight variables as the indicators. The research was conducted in June 2016 using a completely randomized factorial...

The Effects of Sucrose Substitution with Sorbitol on Physicochemical Properties and Sensory Evaluation of Seaweed Jelly Candy

Vanessa Natalie Jane Lekahena, Mohammad Rifai Boboleha
Kappaphycus alvarezii seaweed is a type of algae that is widely cultivated in Indonesian waters because of its economic value and many uses, but post-harvest handling of this type of seaweed is only up to the drying process that produces dried seaweed, with low selling price. Diversification of Kappaphycus...

Effect of Quality Difference Concentration of Tris Yolk on Duck Eggs Spermatozoa Padjadjaran Sheep

Oktora Dwi Putranti, KP Sri Bandiati
This study aims to determine the effect of different concentrations of Yellow Tris Egg Duck on the quality of sheep spermatozoa. The method used for cement shelter with an artificial vagina is then diluted with Tris Yellow Duck Egg at different concentrations from 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50% and stored at...

Tomato and Curly Chili Post-Planting Weed Community Composition

Hayun Abdullah, Zauzah Abdullatif, Suratman Sudjud
The type of weed grows will be in accordance to the agricultural condition. Weed composition in high land is dominated by species diversity yet low number of individuals. In low land, however, the individuals are dominant but low species diversity. The research aims to find out weed community composition...

In Vitro Study of Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activities of Garcinia mangostana L. Peel Extract

Anastasia Wheni Indrianingsih, Vita Taufika Rosyida, Dwi Ratih, Batrisya
Plant extract are natural additives that are in great demand. Many biological capabilities of plant extracts in the fields of health and medicine, make research on plant extract quite rapid. Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) is one of the most famous fruits in Indonesia. In this paper, the antimicrobial...

Morphological Response of Takka Plant (Tacca leontopetaloides L.) as Traditional Medicine for Drought Stress

Sartika Syafi, Venty Suryanti, Bambang Pujiasmanto, Edi Purwanto
Contains a brief description of research Abstract: Alternative medicine using herbs has been very popular in Indonesia in the last few decades. Takka plants contain secondary metabolite compounds that can be used as medicinal materials, it is necessary to administer drought stress. The purpose of this...

Effort to Improve the Interests of Young Generations in the Agricultural Sector to Attain Food Security in Indonesia

Yodfiatfinda
This paper aims to investigate an effort to increase the interest of young people in the agricultural sector. The article is a review paper which has been collected more than twenty relevant scholar publications. The problem of the diminishing number of young farmers is quite worrying because the condition...

The Evaluation of Sexual and Vegetative Propagation of Medicinal Plant Christia vespertilionis (Butterfly Wing Plant)

Ramisah Mohd Shah, Nur Affida Abd. Rahman, Iffah Hazirah Mohd Nawi, Nor Idzwana Mohd Idris, Rudiyanto, Norhidayah Che Soh
Christia vespertilionis also known as butterfly wing plant is an ornamental and valuable medicinal plant grown in tropical and subtropical regions. Despite the importance, not much attention has been given to study economical propagation methods of C. vespertilionis. This work aims to evaluate between...

Condition of Community Forest Management in Ternate Isle

Maulidya M. Umalekhoa, Much. Hidayah Marasabessy, Firlawanti Lestari Baguna
Community Forest are usually called HKm, Hkm has obtained a concession in a protected forest area since 2013. This study aims to determine the condition of Community Forest management by Community Forest farmer groups in protected forests on Ternate Isle. The method used was observation and interviews...

Kirkpatrick’s Model for Evaluation of Financial Management Training

Muhammad Ridha Albaar, Maria Paristiowati
This study aims to identify and describe the Regional Financial Management Training Program which in principle leads to improvement. The method used in this evaluation study is a quantitative descriptive method with a qualitative study. The research design used in this study was Kirkpatrick’s model....

Effect of Inquiry Learning Strategies on Student Discrete Mathematics Learning

Lu’Lu Ul Chusna S Nuke, Zulfiati Syahrial, Nurdin Ibrahim, Muhammad Ridha Albaar
Learning will be effective, if learning activities can achieve goals, that is, students can absorb the learning material and practice it so that they obtain the best competencies and skills. Mathematics is one of the sciences that is able to hone skills and teach students to think critically. Mathematics...

Marketing Chain of Smallholder Robusta Coffee in East Java

Sri Tjondro Winarno, Wiwik Sri Harijani, Gyska Indah Harya
Coffee is one of the most important plantation commodities in the world, where Indonesia is one of the four major groups of countries that export coffee to meet the world’s needs. In East Java Robusta people’s coffee has become part of the community to cultivate even with a low level of productivity,...

Analysis of Utilizing Environmental Services Around the Protected Forest Area of Ternate City

Aqshan Shadikin Nurdin, Emy Saelan
Environmental services are products of biological natural resources and their ecosystems in the form of tangible and indirect benefits (intangible), which include natural or recreational tourism services, water/hydrology protection services, soil fertility, erosion control, and flooding, beauty, uniqueness,...

Soil Suitability Evalution for Plantation Crops in Wanci Island, Wakatobi Regency, Indonesia

M. Tufaila, La ode Rustam, Hasbullah Syaf, Made Widana Arsana, La Ode Afa, Nini Mila Rahni, Awaluddin Hamzah, Jufri Karim
The Island of Wanci consists of unproductive lands whose area continuously increases, and therefore, integrated planning is required. A 4-month soil suitability evaluation for plantation crops was carried out in the District of South Wangi-Wangi using a structured survey method with an inter grid distance...

Risk of Shallot Supply Chain from Production Center in Cirebon to Consumption Center in Jakarta, Indonesia

Susanawati Susanawati
The majority of shallot distribution from Cirebon production centers to Jakarta consumption centers passes through the actors in Brebes, so that many actors involved can raise risk-sharing problems. Therefore, research needs to be aimed at finding out the network in the shallot supply chain from the...

Upgrading Indonesian Local Ethnomedicinal Knowledge with Molecular Phylogenetics

AC Brazia, LT Adi, MR Kaho, Lindawati, Rosaria, H Rustiami, E Sukara
With at least 200 ethnic groups and 30.000 medicinal plants used in Jamu formulations, Indonesia is one of the largest natural drug dispensaries in the world. Ethnomedicine-directed bioprospecting has been used to accelerate drug discovery. Little is known about the coverage of ethnomedicinal studies...

The Vegetation Model: An Environmentally Friendly Farming System in the Management of Rice Stem Borer in South Sulawesi

Abdul Fattah, Sitti Nuraeni, Abdul Wahid Rauf
Stem borer is one of the main pests of lowland rice in South Sulawesi. Types of stem borer found include white stem borer (Scirpophaga innotata, yellow stem borer (S. incertulas), and striped stem borer (Chilo suppressalis) and red rice stem borer guava (Sesamia inferens (Walker). The four types of stem...

The Change in Growth Phase of Luja Plants (Peristrhophe bivalvis Merrill) Due to Differences in Light Intensities and Stem Cuttings

Rima Melati, Nurul Aini, Helda Sabban
The change in every phase of plant growth can be seen from the growth of plant organ every week. Cutting materials used can influence the growth phase in different light environmental conditions. The research aimed to find out light intensities and part of stem cuttings influencing the change in growth...

Utilization of Cocoa Bean Shell as a Paper-Based Food Packaging and a Method to Improve Surface Hydrophobicity

Tamrin, Sri Rejeki, RH Fitri Faradilla, M Mariana, Muhammad Nuh Ibrahim, Irnawati
Cocoa bean shell was utilized to develop a paper-based food packaging material. This cocoa bean shell paper was foldable and relatively strong. The papers also had antimicrobial and antioxidant properties that made these papers potential materials for active packaging. However, the papers were highly...

Perceived Improvement of Mangrove Forest Among Gorap People in Bobaneigo Bay

Safrudin Amin
Research on coastal natural resources has confirmed that mangrove plays crucial roles in coastal ecosystems both ecological and sociocultural. Although its critical roles, other studies also release gloomy pictures of mangrove destruction which have a damaging impact on coastal life. Different from many...

Development of Regional Excellence Potentials Through Food Diversification Based on Local Resources

Andi Abriana, Erni Indrawati, Rahmawati Rahman
Maros is one of the districts in the South Sulawesi Province which is the center of fisheries business development. Maros Regency as a coastal and marine area has the potential to develop land and sea fisheries that are quite large with the largest production of fishery products in ponds as a local resource...

Response and Resistance Mechanism of Shallot Var. Topo, a North Molluca’s Local Variety Against Basal Rot Disease

Hermawati Cahyaningrum, Suryanti, Ani Widiastuti
Shallots especially Topo shallot cultivar was one of the strategic horticulture commodities which had high economical valued for farmer in North Molluca. Cultivation of shallot is mostly contrained bt basal rot disease caused by fungus Fusarium spp. complex. The aim of study is to determine Topo shallots...

Estimation of Shelf Life of Bangkalan Zalacca (Salacca zalacca (Gaertner) Voss) Chips Using Vacuum Frying Technology and Aluminum Foil and PVC Plastic Packaging

DF Rosida, B.S Permadi, U Sarofa, FT Anggraeni, N Hapsari
Bangkalan zalacca has a slightly sour and flat taste so it should be processed into zalacca chips. The problems that have arisen so far in the chips industry are crispness and packaging of chips that do not last long. For this reason, this study carried out research on the use of different types of packaging....

Local Wisdom for Sustainable Forestry at Kalaodi Tidore Isle

Much. Hidayah Marasabessy, Firlawanti Lestari Baguna
The problem of forest conversion causes a diversity of forest resources, landscape forms and hills had changed and decrease. one effort to conserve forest resources can be done by integrating the local wisdom to manage the forest. The study aims to determine the local wisdom of the community in protecting...

Characteristics of Virgin Coconut Oil Emulsion with Honey and Citric Acid

Lastri Wiyani, Andi Aladin, Mustafiah, Andi Abriana, Rahmawati
The present research was conducted aiming to examine the physical and chemical properties along with the stability of the emulsion of Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) as an alternative product to decrease the oily taste when consuming the oil directly. The VCO emulsion involved in this research contains honey...

Comparison of Land Suitability Classes Under Smallholder Cocoa Plantations in Inland and Offland Region of Southeast Sulawesi

Hasbullah Syaf, Laode Muhammad Harjoni Kilowasid, M. Tufaila, Made Widana Arsana, La Ode Afa, Nini Mila Rahni, Awaluddin Hamzah, Jufri Karim
The Province of Southeast Sulawesi covers the southeast region of Sulawesi Island (afterwards referred as inland) plus several smaller islands and many isles (afterwards referred as offland) adjacent to the region. The land in this province is dominated by mineral soils, but through different soil formations....

Motivation, Physical Work Environment, Non-Physical Work Environment, and Work Satisfaction (Study on the Government of Ternate City)

Muhammad Asril Arilaha, Johan Fahri, Nurlela, Abdullah W. Jabid, Irfandi Buamonabot
This study aims to examine the effect of motivation, physical work environment, non-physical work environment and job satisfaction on performance. A total of 63 respondents from Non-permanent Employees in the Regional Government of Ternate were surveyed in this study. The analytical tool used in this...

The Concept of Sustainable Architecture on Public Open Space Design in the Waterfront Area of Ternate City (Case Study: Area Tapak I)

Endah Harisun
The phenomenon of the development of the city of Ternate in recent years shows that there has been a crisis in the availability of public space. with the construction of malls and offices, has the opportunity to create a distance between the layers of society and the beach as the identity of the city...

Analysis of Critical Land Based on the Erosion and Soil Organic Carbon in the Watershed of Girindulu East Java Province, Indonesia

Djafar Mey, Ahmad Iskandar, Junun Sartohadi, Djati Mardiatno, Muh Aris Marfai, La Ode Safuan, La Ode Amaluddin, Muhamad Tufaila, Baharudin
This study aims to analyze the relationship between erosion, soil organic carbon content with land critical. This research uses a geomorphology approach with the landform as the unit of analysis. Land critical is determined by the grade level of erosion hazard and soil organic carbon content class, taking...

Canned Kapurung: Traditional Food from North Luwu, East Sulawesi

A. Nurhikmat, A. Susanto, A. Kusumaningrum, A.F. Amry, Awaluddin Andi Paso
Kapurung is one of the traditional foods in North Luwu District, South Sulawesi Province, made from sago. After processing, kapurung must be consumed quickly because it does not last long, especially sago balls. Because not everyone can made sago balls or cooking kapurung, the north Luwu people outside...

Evaluation of Diploma Three (D-III) Program Medical Laboratory Technology in Poltekkes Kemenkes Jakarta III

Heru Setiawan, Zulfiati Syahrial, Atwi Suparman, Muhammad Ridha Albaar
This research is an evaluative study program to accelerate the increase of Academic Qualifications in the Diploma of Health Workers, Medical Laboratory Technologies. The Evaluation of this program is very important, has a positive impact, and can be used as a reference to improve the quality Program...

Exploration of Morphological Diversity of Cacao Plant (Theobroma cacao L.) in Bacan Island

Suratman Sudjud, Shubzan Andi Mahmud, Chykita Anggraeni Djafar
This study aims to determine the types of cocoa plants and family relationships that exist in Kampung Makian Village and Papaloang Village. The research method used a descriptive method by looking at the morphological markers of the cocoa plant as a diversity differentiator. The analysis used to determine...

Response of SS Multipurpose Liquid Fertilizer to Growth and Production of Petsai Plants (Brassica chinensis L.)

Sofyan Samad, Shubzan A. Mahmud, Hasbullah, Farida Maricar
Chinese cabbage plants were ones of the horticultural plants that have high economic value and support for national food security. The public demand for Chinese cabbage was increasing to meet market needs; this research needs to be done. The aim was to determine the effect of multi-use of SS organic...

Implementation of Biopesticides to Control Phytophthora palmivora Butl. and Conopomorpha cramerella Snell. on Cacao in South Halmahera

Fredy Lala, Hermawati Cahyaningrum, Agus Hadiarto, Bram Brahmantiyo
One of the causes of low productivity of cocoa due to Conopomorpha cramerella known as cocoa pod borer (CPB) and black pod rot (BPR) caused by Phytophthora palmivora. Biopesticides consisted of Beauveria bassiana and kaolin was introduced to protect the surface of cocoa pods from CPB and BPR. The research...

Feasibility of Potato Farming with Ex Vitro and Non Ex Vitro Seeds in the Batur District, Banjarnegara Regency

Nur Rahmawati, Lestari Rahayu, Yulia Rizqiana
This study aims to determine the structure of production costs, revenue, profits, and feasibility of farming of potato farmers using ex vitro and non ex vitro seeds in Batur District, Banjarnegara Regency. The location of the study was determined purposive and sampling of farmers using ex vitro seeds...

Endophytic Mycoflora from Mace and Seed of Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt) as a Source of Antifungal Compounds

Nurhasanah, Muhammad Rafly, Nurmaya Papuangan
The nutmeg extract had been recognized as the source of antioxidant and antimicrobial activity. The aims of this study were to obtain endophytic fungi isolated from the mace and seed of Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt) and to determine antifungal activity of those isolates. Microbiol routine assay were...

Utilization of Edamame Bean Flour (Glycine Max L. Merr) in Making of High Protein and Low Sugar Cookies

Melanie Cornelia, Ignatius Steven Lianto
Cookies was a pastry made from wheat flour that contains a high amount of fat with the firm and crispy texture. Wheat flour was one of many imported products in Indonesia, while there were still a lot of raw foods that can be made into flour, one of them was edamame flour which can be made from edamame...

Bioethanol and Residual Glucose from Filtrate Bamboo with Micro Controlller of Speed at Fermentation Process

Ni Ketut Sari, Intan Yuniar Purbasari, Basuki Rahmat
The need for bioethanol each year increases steadily while raw materials tend to decline, this is due to bioethanol raw materials, so sought after materials that can be regenerated, bamboo is one of the alternative raw materials, Bamboo has a cellulose content ranging from 42.4%-53.6%. The chemical process...