Design of Joint Cooperative Routing, MAC and Physical Layer with QoS-aware Traffic-based Scheduling for Wireless Sensor Networks
- 10.2991/ijndc.2017.5.3.5How to use a DOI?
- Cross Layer Design, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), Medium Access Control (MAC), Quality of Service (QoS), Energy Efficiency.
Compare the WSN with other conventional network system, the changing or charging the existing battery of sensor node within WSN is a tough job. Therefore, since last decade the effort has been made to design and introduce a large number of communication protocol for WSN with given concern on the performance parameter of energy efficiency and still the key requirements within WSN domain, that how to incrementally expands the energy minimization consuming techniques of sensor battery. The other parameters include latency, fairness, throughput and delivery ratio. In this work, we propose a novel joint cooperative routing, medium access control (MAC) and physical layer protocol with traffic differentiation based QoS- aware for wireless sensor network (WSNs). This is referred to as a Joint Routing, MAC and Physical layer protocol (J-RMP). By blending the classical layered approach and combining routing, MAC and physical layer functions, the proposed J-RMP protocol achieves a solution for energy efficiency in WSNs. Convention ally, the problem of energy efficient protocol design is considered independently at respective layer of protocol stack. This paper has taken a holistic approach of finding solution by addressing the possible energy gain in Routing, MAC and Physical layer together. Firstly, it is seen that communication path with the large number of short hop substantially minimizes energy consumption. This phenomenon is used while instantaneous network information is collected with minimum overhead through the control packets for selecting next hop. Based on the updated network knowledge the next hop neighbor is chosen with reduced control overhead. Further, we describe how J-RMP protocol uses the approach for finding the constrained shortest path for forwarding packets , which results in load balancing in WSNs and provide mathematical analysis of node forwarding path determination within network. Finally, we compare our proposed method with existing protocols by ns-2 simulator and confirm that J-RMP outperform in some cases in term of sensitive traffics. The experimental results have proved that the traffic load has been balanced to a certain traffic, and energy efficiency has been achieved by properly adjusting the applied theory. The outcome supports the theory, and proves the effectiveness of our proposed scheme. This kind of protocol should have significant implications for various WSNs application where energy constraint is the main point of concerns.
- © 2017, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Jawad Ahmad Haqbeen AU - Takayuki Ito AU - Mohammad Arifuzzaman AU - Takanobu Otsuka PY - 2017 DA - 2017/07/03 TI - Design of Joint Cooperative Routing, MAC and Physical Layer with QoS-aware Traffic-based Scheduling for Wireless Sensor Networks JO - International Journal of Networked and Distributed Computing SP - 164 EP - 175 VL - 5 IS - 3 SN - 2211-7946 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/ijndc.2017.5.3.5 DO - 10.2991/ijndc.2017.5.3.5 ID - Haqbeen2017 ER -