Proceedings of the International Conference on Mathematics, Geometry, Statistics, and Computation (IC-MaGeStiC 2021)

# Statistical Downscaling Technique Using Response Based Unit Segmentation-Partial Least Square (REBUS-PLS) for Monthly Rainfall Forecasting

Authors
Izdihar Salsabila1, Alfian Futuhul Hadi1, *, I Made Tirta1, Yuliani Setia Dewi1, Firdaus Ubaidillah2, Dian Anggraeni1
1Data Science Research Group, Department of Mathematics, University of Jember, Indonesia
2Department of Mathematics, University of Jember, Jember 68121, Indonesia
Corresponding Author
Available Online 8 February 2022.
DOI
10.2991/acsr.k.220202.033How to use a DOI?
Keywords
General Circulation Model (GCM); Statistical Downscaling (SDs); Partial Least Square (PLS); Response Based Unit Segmentation-Partial Least Square (REBUS-PLS)
Abstract

One of the newest forecasting techniques today is the Statistical Downscaling (SDs) technique. The SDs technique is a procedure for inferring high-resolution information from low-resolution variables. Forecasting rainfall using the SDs technique is to build a function that can predict the value of a response variable using predictor variables, for example, the variables in the Global Circular Model (GCM). In this study, forecasting will be carried out using the Partial Least Square (PLS) model and compared with the PLS model that has been time segmented namely the REBUS-PLS model. We use four latent variables consisting of three exogenous latent variables and one endogenous latent variable. The exogenous variable ξ1 is precipitation, ξ2 is air pressure, and ξ3 is temperature, while the endogenous variable is monthly rainfall. The measurement model is a functional rule that describes the mathematical relationship between exogenous latent variables ξ12, and ξ3 with their corresponding manifests. After obtaining the structural model and measurement model, then parameter estimation is carried out. The PLS model obtained was then tested for the goodness of the model with several indicators, namely R2, mean redundancy, and Goodness of Fit. The values obtained are 70.05%, 49.098%, and 76.11%. There are 4 segmentations which are segment 1 (33 months), segment 2 (29 months), segment 3 (50 months), and segment 4 (32 months). The validity and reliability tests were carried out again in each segment. Furthermore, the goodness of the model is also tested on each local model. The R-square values generated in segment 1, segment 2, segment 3, and segment 4 are 97.13%, 97.52%, 85.05%, and 91.38%. Overall, the PLS model has a smaller RMSE than the REBUS-PLS model at 25 observation stations. Meanwhile, at the other 52 observation stations, the accuracy of the REBUS-PLS model is better than the PLS model.

Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

Volume Title
Proceedings of the International Conference on Mathematics, Geometry, Statistics, and Computation (IC-MaGeStiC 2021)
Series
Publication Date
8 February 2022
ISBN
10.2991/acsr.k.220202.033
ISSN
2352-538X
DOI
10.2991/acsr.k.220202.033How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

TY  - CONF
AU  - Izdihar Salsabila
AU  - Yuliani Setia Dewi
AU  - Firdaus Ubaidillah
AU  - Dian Anggraeni
PY  - 2022
DA  - 2022/02/08
TI  - Statistical Downscaling Technique Using Response Based Unit Segmentation-Partial Least Square (REBUS-PLS) for Monthly Rainfall Forecasting
BT  - Proceedings of the  International Conference on Mathematics, Geometry, Statistics, and Computation (IC-MaGeStiC 2021)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 173
EP  - 177
SN  - 2352-538X
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/acsr.k.220202.033
DO  - 10.2991/acsr.k.220202.033
ID  - Salsabila2022
ER  -