Classification of Bank Deposit Using Naïve Bayes Classifier (NBC) and K–Nearest Neighbor (K-NN)
- 10.2991/acsr.k.220202.031How to use a DOI?
- Classification; Naive Bayes classifier; K-nearest neighbor; Importance variables
Banks are financial institutions whose activities are to collect funds from the public in the form of deposits (saving deposit, demand deposit, and time deposit) and distribute them to the public in the form of credit or other forms. Deposits are an alternative for customers because the interest offered on deposits is higher than regular savings. Naïve Bayes Classification (NBC) is a statistical classification method based on Bayes’ theorem that can be used to predict the probability of membership of a class. K-Nearest Neighbor (K-NN) is a method for classifying objects based on the learning data that is closest to the object. This study will use bank customer data consisting of 4521 records and 17 variables. The data is divided into 3 types of training-testing processes, namely 70%:30%, 75%:25%, and 80%:20% and the Ќ -fold cross validation method is used with a value of Ќ =10. The results of this study indicate that the K-NN method is better than the NBC method. Where the best classification of the K-NN method is in the training-testing process of 70%:30% which has an accuracy rate of 89.23%. While the best classification of the NBC method is in the training-testing process of 80%:20% which has an accuracy rate of 84.51%. the K-Nearest Neighbor and the Naïve Bayes Classifier method show the same results on the importance variables. Where out of 16 variables in classifying banking customers, of which 5 which have the most influence are the duration of time the bank contacted its customers, the results of the previous deposit offer, the last month contacted the customer, the type of communication used by the customer, and the number of contacts the bank had made prior to the promotion of opening a deposit.
- © 2022 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
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Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Muhammad Hafidh Effendy AU - Dian Anggraeni AU - Yuliani Setia Dewi AU - Alfian Futuhul Hadi PY - 2022 DA - 2022/02/08 TI - Classification of Bank Deposit Using Naïve Bayes Classifier (NBC) and K–Nearest Neighbor (K-NN) BT - Proceedings of the International Conference on Mathematics, Geometry, Statistics, and Computation (IC-MaGeStiC 2021) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 163 EP - 166 SN - 2352-538X UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/acsr.k.220202.031 DO - 10.2991/acsr.k.220202.031 ID - Effendy2022 ER -