Study of Jamu as Indonesian Herbal Medicine for Covid-19 Treatment
- 10.2991/ahsr.k.211105.034How to use a DOI?
- COVID-19; Herbal; Polyherbal; Active Compound Interaction; Pharmacological Activity
The spread of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV-2) virus has caused the COVID-19 pandemic for more than a year. Daily cases in Indonesia keep increasing following the high mortality rate, entitling it as the epicentre country of Asia. The government advises patients with mild symptoms to take self-isolation at home. Due to its rich cultures and beliefs in Indonesia, patients on independent isolation tend to take treatment on their own accord, such as using traditional herbal medicine renowned as jamu. This article is aimed to review the use of various types of concoctions in jamu taken as the prevention and additional therapy for COVID-19 patients. The review may advantage for COVID-19 treatment discovery through indigenous compound and medical care in societies. In writing this article, the author collected information from related articles in online sources such as Google Scholar, Pubmed, Science Direct, as well as circulars from the Indonesian Ministry of Health and treatment guidelines from the Food and Drug Supervisory Agency. Polyherbal formulations that have been widely recommended for COVID-19 treatment are 9 jamu formulas within Zingiber officiale for the highest herbal compound used and followed by other 21 herbal plants such as Curcuma zanthorrhiza, Cinnomomun verum, Citrus aurantifolia fruit, Cymbapogon sitratus, Curcuma longa, Alpinea galangal, etc. Five of all founded jamu identified for antivirus agent as well as mostly applied in immune booster tradisionally. Moreover, all of jamu formulas has antioxidant activities and antiinflamatory effect that would be promising for COVID-19 treatment, especially for Jamu Pahitan and Wedang Secang could be the candidates for COVID-19 therapy through increasing immunity and reducing risk factors for each symptom. No antagonistic interactions were found in the herbal concoctions, while several synergistic interactions that increase the pharmacological activity. This study would contribute a remarkable literacy since the use of jamu in preventing and treating COVID-19 as a new disease requires careful consideration due to the limited scientific data and clinical evidence to support its use.
- © 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Marisca Evalina Gondokesumo AU - Krisyanti Budipramana AU - Silmi Qurrotu Aini PY - 2021 DA - 2021/11/17 TI - Study of Jamu as Indonesian Herbal Medicine for Covid-19 Treatment BT - Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Contemporary Science and Clinical Pharmacy 2021 (ICCSCP 2021) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 227 EP - 244 SN - 2468-5739 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.211105.034 DO - 10.2991/ahsr.k.211105.034 ID - Gondokesumo2021 ER -