Buyer’s Role in Improving BHR Practices in Indonesian Mineral Mining Industry
- https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.200321.038How to use a DOI?
- mineral mining, tin, Business and Human Rights, buyers
Indonesia is a resource-rich nation known for its substantial reserve in a wide variety of minerals such as gold, copper, tin, bauxite, and nickel. The mining sector has long served as a key pillar of Indonesia’s economy by contributing approximately 7.5 percent of the State’s GDP. Despite the vital importance of these mining industries, their presence continues to raise concerns on business and human rights (BHR), owing to the social and environmental impacts they posed. Nearly 34 percent of Indonesia’s land has been handed over to corporations through 10,235 mineral mining permits, which accounts for about 70 percent of all cases of environmental destruction in the country. This includes tailings and pollution, illegal land grabbing, and the oppression of indigenous communities living near mining sites. Realizing how business activities continues to violate human rights, States have voiced their awareness to impose a legally binding obligation for businesses to uphold human rights in all aspects of its operation, which is evident in the culmination of the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, and more specifically, the Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals, and the Responsible Mining Initiatives. This paper seeks to discuss the flaws of existing legal norms in the enforcement of BHR standards in the mining sector, the implication of raising compliance from Buyers to the practices of supplier in Indonesia. Finally, a qualitative review on the operation of PT Timah Tbk in implementing the BHR standards shall provide an insight on how Buyer’s role may become an effective drive for BHR compliance by mining corporations in Indonesia.
- © 2020, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Dewi Santoso Yuniarti AU - Jasmine Amelia Ulfah AU - Iman Prihandono PY - 2020 DA - 2020/03/27 TI - Buyer’s Role in Improving BHR Practices in Indonesian Mineral Mining Industry BT - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Law and Governance (ICLAVE 2019) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 285 EP - 299 SN - 2352-5428 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.200321.038 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.200321.038 ID - Yuniarti2020 ER -