Proceedings of the International Conference on Science and Technology (ICST 2018)

The Influence of Slope Angle of Stairs on Energy Consumption and Work Productivity on Male and Female Workers

Authors
Sunardi Sunardi, Purwati Purwati, Tranggono Tranggono, Budi Santoso, Oryza Tannar
Corresponding Author
Sunardi Sunardi
Available Online December 2018.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icst-18.2018.137How to use a DOI?
Keywords
slope angle; stairs; gender; work productivity
Abstract
Material handling can be done with the help of equipment or manually with various methods or working positions. One of the real work which we seen everyday is material handling from warehouse to truck with using stairs, where we don’t know how to use slope angle by right so that it can result high productivity. The objective of the research is to know whether there are a difference of influence between the 300 and 450 used to carry goods from the first floor to the second floor on work productivity in male and female workers. It is assumed that the results of the study will show that workers carrying goods using 300, produces to higher productivity than using 450 for both male and female workers. Male worker has a stronger endurance so it will have higher productivity than female worker. This research can contribute to theoretical understanding in the development of ergonomics and the design of work system, especially on material handling by using different slope angle of stairs on both male and female workers. Variables include the independent variables are: (1) The slope angle of stairs with two levels are 450 and 300, (2) Sex with two levels are male and female. And the dependent variable is work productivity of the amount of goods that can be brought (kg) per unit time. Data analysis with inferential statistical approach Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) with 95% significance level by using minitab software. The results show significantly that material handing using stairs with the stairs angle with the slope of 300 generate higher productivity compared to when using stairs angle with slope of 450 on workers at both male and female. In working time for 15 minutes male workers can move thing larger than female, namely male workers as much as 303.6 kg/ 15 minutes and female workers as much as 249.6 kg/ 15 minutes. While stairs with slope 300 more ease the workload than stairs of the slope of 450, namely giving results 322.8 kg/ 15 minutes for slope 300, and 230,5 Kg/ 15 minutes for slope of 450
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Volume Title
Proceedings of the International Conference on Science and Technology (ICST 2018)
Series
Atlantis Highlights in Engineering
Publication Date
December 2018
ISBN
978-94-6252-650-1
ISSN
2589-4943
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icst-18.2018.137How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Sunardi Sunardi
AU  - Purwati Purwati
AU  - Tranggono Tranggono
AU  - Budi Santoso
AU  - Oryza Tannar
PY  - 2018/12
DA  - 2018/12
TI  - The Influence of Slope Angle of Stairs on Energy Consumption and Work Productivity on Male and Female Workers
BT  - Proceedings of the International Conference on Science and Technology (ICST 2018)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 674
EP  - 677
SN  - 2589-4943
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icst-18.2018.137
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icst-18.2018.137
ID  - Sunardi2018/12
ER  -