Proceedings of the International Conference on Law Reform (INCLAR 2019)

Defining Judicial Accountability Post Political Transition in Indonesia

Authors
Ibnu Sina Chandranegara, Zainal Arifin Hoessein
Corresponding Author
Ibnu Sina Chandranegara
Available Online 4 March 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.200226.004How to use a DOI?
Keywords
judicial independence, judicial accountability, political transition
Abstract

Constitutional Reform after the fall of Soeharto’s New Order brings favorable direction for the judiciary. Constitutional guarantee of judicial independence as regulated in Art 24 (1) of the 1945 Constitution, closing dark memories in the past. Besides, in Art 24 (2) of the 1945 Constitution decide the Judiciary is held by the Supreme Court and the judicial bodies below and a Constitutional Court. Such a strict direction of regulation plus the transformation of the political system in a democratic direction should bring about the implementation of the independent and autonomous judiciary. But in reality, even though in a democratic political system and constitutional arrangement affirms the guarantee of independence, but it doesn’t represent the actual situation. There some problem which remains, such as (i) the absence of a permanent format regarding the institutional relationship between the Supreme Court, the Constitutional Court, and Judicial Commission, and (ii) still many efforts to weaken judiciary through many ways such criminalization of judge. Referring to the problem above, then there are gaps between what “is” and what “ought”, among others, First, by changes political configuration that tend to be more democratic, the judiciary should be more autonomous. But in reality, various problems arise such as (i) disharmony in regulating the pattern of relations between judicial power actors, (ii) various attempts to criminalize judges over their decisions, (iii) judicial corruption. Second, by the constitutional guarantee of the independence of the judiciary, there will be no legislation that reduced constitutional guarantee. But in reality, many legislation or regulations that still not in line with a constitutional guarantee concerning judicial independence. This paper reviews and describes in-depth about how to implement constitutional guarantees of judicial independence after the political transition and conceptualize its order to strengthening rule of law in Indonesia

Copyright
© 2020, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the International Conference on Law Reform (INCLAR 2019)
Series
Advances in Economics, Business and Management Research
Publication Date
4 March 2020
ISBN
978-94-6252-916-8
ISSN
2352-5428
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.200226.004How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2020, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Ibnu Sina Chandranegara
AU  - Zainal Arifin Hoessein
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/03/04
TI  - Defining Judicial Accountability Post Political Transition in Indonesia
BT  - Proceedings of the International Conference on Law Reform (INCLAR 2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 17
EP  - 23
SN  - 2352-5428
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.200226.004
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.200226.004
ID  - Chandranegara2020
ER  -