Proceedings of the 14th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference 2020 (IRES 2020)

Experimental Investigation on Phase Change Materials for Thermal Management of Lithium-ion Battery Packs

Authors
Stephan Thaler, Roman Lackner, Sylvicley Figueira da Silva, Robert Hauser
Corresponding Author
Stephan Thaler
Available Online 4 February 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahe.k.210202.025How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Lithium-ion battery, Phase change material, Battery thermal management
Abstract

Most batteries generate a significant amount of heat during charge or discharge, which has to be dissipated by adequate cooling, as the temperature of the battery is a crucial parameter for the battery performance. An ideal battery thermal management system (BTMS) should be able to maintain a uniform temperature among all battery cells within the entire battery pack. A passive BTMS can compensate for the temperature deviations and maintain temperature uniformity in the battery pack without the use of active cooling components. The aim of this work is to investigate thermal management by a phase change material (PCM) for their feasibility and effectiveness for electric vehicle (EV) battery modules. In this type of latent heat storage, a PCM is melted by internally generated heat, which is released again during solidification on cooling. This novel form of a thermal management system could achieve the advantages of a compact, lightweight and energy-efficient system. Therefore, this work focuses on the implementation of such materials in a battery pack. After comprehensive market research, suitable PCMs that meet the requirements were identified and we studied experimentally these PCMs in a dedicated set-up. Detailed solidification and melting processes were examined and new measured PCM data is reported. During the experiments, specially developed test setups were used to check datasheets and to clarify open questions. A system of single battery cells was designed to provide the PCM with the best possible geometric spaces within the battery module. In order to certifying the thermal behaviour of battery systems with passive PCM cooling, Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) models of batteries and surrounding thermal mass have been developed and could confirm the previous assumptions and calculations.

Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 14th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference 2020 (IRES 2020)
Series
Atlantis Highlights in Engineering
Publication Date
4 February 2021
ISBN
10.2991/ahe.k.210202.025
ISSN
2589-4943
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahe.k.210202.025How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Stephan Thaler
AU  - Roman Lackner
AU  - Sylvicley Figueira da Silva
AU  - Robert Hauser
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/02/04
TI  - Experimental Investigation on Phase Change Materials for Thermal Management of Lithium-ion Battery Packs
BT  - Proceedings of the 14th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference 2020 (IRES 2020)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 171
EP  - 176
SN  - 2589-4943
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahe.k.210202.025
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahe.k.210202.025
ID  - Thaler2021
ER  -