Proceedings of the 14th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference 2020 (IRES 2020)

Interaction of Energy Storage Technologies and Synthetic Fuels in Long-Term Decarbonization Scenarios

Authors
Diana Böttger, Christoph Kost, Daniel Wrede, Benjamin Lux, Tobias Fleiter, Benjamin Pfluger, Judith Heilig, Norman Gerhardt, Michael Haendel
Corresponding Author
Diana Böttger
Available Online 4 February 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahe.k.210202.009How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Energy Storage, Power-to-X, Decarbonization Scenario, Model comparison
Abstract

With the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement, the international community has reaffirmed its commitment to tackle anthropogenic climate change with the goal of limiting the global average temperature increase below 1.5 °C, but to a maximum of 2 °C above pre-industrial levels. Against this background, we examine scenarios for a complete decarbonisation of the European energy supply. Since such scenarios are based on a high expansion of weather-dependent renewable energy sources, the question arises, which flexible technologies are necessary to balance supply and demand in such energy systems. In this paper, a scenario analysis shows which capacity or volume of energy storage, power interconnectors and synthetic fuels are needed in decarbonization scenarios. To address this research question three different energy system models are applied. These models cover Europe and Germany, respectively, and are able to explain different results of the single models based of the corresponding model characteristics. The paper concludes that the power sector is able to cover a considerable share of the energy demand in the heat and transport sector with the help of flexible sector coupling technologies such as heat pumps and electric mobility. All considered models manage to find solutions for a deep decarbonization if flexibility and storage option are available.

Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 14th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference 2020 (IRES 2020)
Series
Atlantis Highlights in Engineering
Publication Date
4 February 2021
ISBN
10.2991/ahe.k.210202.009
ISSN
2589-4943
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahe.k.210202.009How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Diana Böttger
AU  - Christoph Kost
AU  - Daniel Wrede
AU  - Benjamin Lux
AU  - Tobias Fleiter
AU  - Benjamin Pfluger
AU  - Judith Heilig
AU  - Norman Gerhardt
AU  - Michael Haendel
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/02/04
TI  - Interaction of Energy Storage Technologies and Synthetic Fuels in Long-Term Decarbonization Scenarios
BT  - Proceedings of the 14th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference 2020 (IRES 2020)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 58
EP  - 65
SN  - 2589-4943
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahe.k.210202.009
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahe.k.210202.009
ID  - Böttger2021
ER  -