Proceedings of the International Renewable Energy Storage Conference 2021 (IRES 2021)

Giving Anergy a Value by the Application of an Anergy-exergy Cost Ratio in Thermo-economic Analysis of Systems that Make Thermal Energy Available

Authors
Lutz Meyer1, *, Ingo Stadler2
1Institut für Verfahrenstechnik, Energietechnik und Klimaschutz, Hochschule Hannover / University of Applied Sciences and Arts
2Cologne Institute for Renewable Energy, Technische Hochschule Köln / University of Applied Science
*Corresponding author. Email: lutz.meyer@hs-hannover.de
Corresponding Author
Lutz Meyer
Available Online 3 March 2022.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahe.k.220301.017How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Exergy; Anergy; Techno-Economic Analysis; Low Exergy Heat Net; District Heating; Thermal Storage; Heat Pump
Abstract

Techno-economic analysis that allocate costs to the energy flows of energy systems are helpful to understand the formation of costs within processes and to increase the cost efficiency. For the economic evaluation, the usefulness or quality of the energy is of great importance. In exergy-based methods, this is considered by allocating costs to the exergy instead of energy. As exergy represents the ability of performing work, it is often named the useful part of energy. In contrast, the anergy, the part of energy, which cannot perform work, is often assumed to be not useful.

However, heat flows as used e.g. in domestic heating are always a mixture of a relative small portion of exergy and a big portion of anergy. Although of lower quality, the anergy is obviously useful for these applications. The question is, whether it makes sense to differentiate between exergy and anergy and take both properties into account for the economic evaluation.

To answer this question, a new methodical concept based on the definition of an anergy-exergy cost ratio is compared to the commonly applied approaches of considering either energy or exergy as the basis for economic evaluation. These three different approaches for the economic analysis of thermal energy systems are applied to an exemplary heating system with thermal storages. It is shown that the results of the techno-economic analysis can be improved by giving anergy an economic value and that the proposed anergy-cost ratio allows a flexible adaptation of the evaluation depending on the economic constraints of a system.

Copyright
© 2022 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the International Renewable Energy Storage Conference 2021 (IRES 2021)
Series
Atlantis Highlights in Engineering
Publication Date
3 March 2022
ISBN
978-94-6239-546-6
ISSN
2589-4943
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahe.k.220301.017How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2022 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Lutz Meyer
AU  - Ingo Stadler
PY  - 2022
DA  - 2022/03/03
TI  - Giving Anergy a Value by the Application of an Anergy-exergy Cost Ratio in Thermo-economic Analysis of Systems that Make Thermal Energy Available
BT  - Proceedings of the International Renewable Energy Storage Conference 2021 (IRES 2021)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 157
EP  - 166
SN  - 2589-4943
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahe.k.220301.017
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahe.k.220301.017
ID  - Meyer2022
ER  -