Proceedings of the International Renewable Energy Storage Conference 2021 (IRES 2021)

Techno-Economic Planning and Exergy Analysis of Large-Scale Hot-Water Tank and Pits

Authors
Abdulrahman DahashAbdulrahman.Dahash@ait.ac.at
Sustainable Thermal Energy Systems, Center for Energy, AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH, Vienna, Austria
Fabian OchsFabian.Ochs@uibk.ac.at
Unit of Energy Efficient Buildings, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
Alice TosattoAlice.Tosatto@uibk.ac.at
Unit of Energy Efficient Buildings, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
Corresponding Author
Available Online 3 March 2022.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahe.k.220301.008How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Large-scale thermal energy storage; Renewable district heating; Techno-economic analysis; Levelized cost of stored heat; Planning and construction; Exergy analysis
Abstract

Large-scale seasonal thermal energy storage (STES) substantially facilitates a full exploitation of the local renewable energy sources (e.g. geothermal, solar, waste heat) potential in renewables-based district heating systems in order to mitigate CO2 emissions and the climate change. Large-scale seasonal TES systems store energy for lengthy timescales; therefore, it is essential to properly plan these structures in order to avoid high capital cost and/or performance below expectations.

The STES planning phase includes a wide list of variables such as hydrogeological conditions (e.g. soil type, groundwater existence and/or flowing), TES geometry (e.g. tanks, conical pits, pyramid stump pits), TES construction (e.g. freestanding, partially or fully buried), system characteristics (e.g. operation temperatures), liners and insulation and others. Therefore, it is crucial to strive for an optimal TES selection in which a compromise between the technical performance and the economic investment is made.

This work examines the planning of large-scale TES systems by means of numerical simulations. The models used are calibrated using measured data from the pit thermal energy storage in Dronninglund (Denmark). For the techno-economic assessment, different key performance indicators are used such as: energetic efficiency, exergetic efficiency, stratification efficiency and levelized cost of stored heat (LCOS). In this context, the investigation depicts that a hybrid TES arises as a promising option that combines the advantages of both tank and shallow pit. Accordingly, hybrid LCOS deems to be the lowest among other geometries. Further, the examination reveals that a tank has better technical performance and lower LCOS than a shallow pit under the same set of boundary conditions.

Considering the transition to low-temperature district heating (DH) systems, the work further investigates the influence of DH temperature on TES techno-economic performance. Not only does the low-temperature DH lead to an increase in TES performance but it also results in lower LCOS compared to its counterpart in a DH with high-temperature.

Copyright
© 2022 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the International Renewable Energy Storage Conference 2021 (IRES 2021)
Series
Atlantis Highlights in Engineering
Publication Date
3 March 2022
ISBN
978-94-6239-546-6
ISSN
2589-4943
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahe.k.220301.008How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2022 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Abdulrahman Dahash
AU  - Fabian Ochs
AU  - Alice Tosatto
PY  - 2022
DA  - 2022/03/03
TI  - Techno-Economic Planning and Exergy Analysis of Large-Scale Hot-Water Tank and Pits
BT  - Proceedings of the International Renewable Energy Storage Conference 2021 (IRES 2021)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 78
EP  - 92
SN  - 2589-4943
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahe.k.220301.008
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahe.k.220301.008
ID  - Dahash2022
ER  -