Proceedings of the International Renewable Energy Storage Conference 2021 (IRES 2021)

Photovoltaics and battery storage—Python-based optimisation for innovation tenders

Authors
Philipp Schreiber*, philipp.schreiber@alumni.tu-berlin.de
Technische Universitat Berlin, Vattenfall Solar GmbH, Berlin, Germany
Mathias HofmannORCID
Institute for Energy Engineering, Technische Universitat Berlin, Berlin, Germany
Marco Wielandmarco.wieland@vattenfall.de
BU Solar & Batteries, Vattenfall Solar GmbH, Hamburg, Germany
*Corresponding author.
Corresponding Author
Available Online 3 March 2022.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahe.k.220301.010How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Battery storage; Photovoltaics; Optimisation; Operation; Sizing; Innovation tender; Energy arbitrage; Balancing market
Abstract

One of the main concerns in extending variable renewable energy (VRE) is the electric grid stability due to the sources’ volatility. Germany is introducing a new auction mechanism within the German Renewable Energy Sources Act called “Innovationsausschreibung” (innovation tender) to grid- and system-supporting VRE-plants operation. The participating hybrid power systems (HPS) must be able to provide one-quarter of their installed power as positive automatic frequency restoration reserve (aFRR). This paper reflects on the optimal operation and design focusing on sizing an HPS consisting of ground-mounted large-scale photovoltaic (PV) and battery energy storage systems (BESS). An optimisation model is developed in Python. It is solved using the Gurobi framework with generation as well as market data for the German spot and balancing market. The optimisation maximises the HPS’s revenue under consideration of the BESS costs for the applications energy arbitrage (EA) and aFRR. A case study for a ground-mounted PV reference project verifies the effectiveness of the model. Ultimately, a sensitivity analysis with long-term market prices and BESS costs along with different bit strategies is conducted. The total revenues less annual BESS costs vary from -3.5% for EA to +10.1% for the sequential combination of EA and participation in the aFRR-market compared to a stand-alone PV system. Considering actual BESS costs and market data, a minimum BESS design is the most economical from today’s perspective. Due to decreasing BESS costs and increasing market volatility, this is expected to change within the next five years.

Copyright
© 2022 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the International Renewable Energy Storage Conference 2021 (IRES 2021)
Series
Atlantis Highlights in Engineering
Publication Date
3 March 2022
ISBN
978-94-6239-546-6
ISSN
2589-4943
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahe.k.220301.010How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2022 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Philipp Schreiber
AU  - Mathias Hofmann
AU  - Marco Wieland
PY  - 2022
DA  - 2022/03/03
TI  - Photovoltaics and battery storage—Python-based optimisation for innovation tenders
BT  - Proceedings of the International Renewable Energy Storage Conference 2021 (IRES 2021)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 100
EP  - 107
SN  - 2589-4943
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahe.k.220301.010
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahe.k.220301.010
ID  - Schreiber2022
ER  -