Project financing opportunities in the digital economy of municipal solid waste
- 10.2991/iscde-19.2019.90How to use a DOI?
- system of organization and management of processes of treatment with TKO, project financing, joint consumption, social risks, environmental risks, financial risks, recycling, environmental safety, financial institution
The solution of the problem of sustainable economic development largely depends on the system of solid waste management (MSW). The accumulation of waste brings a huge indelible environmental, economic and social damage, reduces the potential of environmental sustainability of the Russian Federation. The destruction and processing of MSW is now considered as one of the most important aspects of sustainable development of mankind, because there is a tendency of progressive growth in the number of MSW produced, in megacities - up to 1 ton per year per person. Effective waste management includes the involvement of recycled raw materials in processing and environmentally safe disposal (recycling), is a determining factor of the economic and social situation of the country and regions. In the EU, the waste management system implies an integrated system of various aspects: social, economic, regulatory, managerial, technical. In addition, the principles of sustainable development define the main direction of waste management and form the basis of a hierarchy of waste management methods. These principles form the basis of all regulations related to waste management. For the phased implementation of the concept of waste management, EU legislation, on the one hand, establishes requirements for various aspects of waste management, taking into account development targets (the target of the degree of recovery of secondary raw materials and processing, the number of compost fractions sent to landfill), on the other hand, create conditions for their achievement. Legal and physical responsibility for each task of waste management is delegated at different levels of government (Federal, Federal subject, municipal). Russia is implementing such a complex and multifaceted national project "Ecology" designed for the period up to 2024 and developed in pursuance of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation on the goals and strategic objectives in terms of environmental well-being. Available technical solutions in the field of solid waste processing and including five main methods of processing (composting, burning, sorting, anaerobic decomposition, landfill storage) are not universal. The absence of mechanisms and methods for the formation of management of relations between actors in the field of solid waste relating to the development and implementation of interaction in the processes of treatment of solid waste, is the main reason for the low efficiency of control of this area. In this regard, there is a need to develop scientific and methodological foundations for the formation of a system of solid waste management on the basis of the development and implementation of project financing mechanisms.
- © 2019, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
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- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - A.M. Gubernatorov AU - E.B. Tutukina AU - M.M. Kiloeva PY - 2019/12 DA - 2019/12 TI - Project financing opportunities in the digital economy of municipal solid waste BT - Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference on Digital Economy (ISCDE 2019) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 194 EP - 197 SN - 2352-5428 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/iscde-19.2019.90 DO - 10.2991/iscde-19.2019.90 ID - Gubernatorov2019/12 ER -