Social Inequality and Demographic Dynamics: Regions of the Russian Far East
S N Naiden, A V Belousova, M A Gritsko
S N Naiden
Available Online 17 March 2020.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.200312.244How to use a DOI?
- Both Russian and foreign studies show persistent attention to the question of correlation between demographic and socioeconomic factors, among which the growing social inequality in income occupies a significant place. The problem of leveling social stratification is especially notable for the Far East as a macroregion with decreasing population. The goal of this study is to estimate the relations between regional demographic dynamics (birth, net and infant mortality, morbidity rates) and income inequality (Gini coefficient, decile dispersion ratio, poverty level). The object of the study is the Far Eastern Federal District (FEFD). By using the quantitative analysis based on the linear regression models, calculated by using the method of weighted least squares, it is possible to get the estimates of their modifications – models with fixed effects. Model building using the dynamic data of 2000-2018 allows getting the estimates of the effect of social inequality on the indicators of demographic development by subjects of the FEFD. With increasing differentiation of income, the positive shifts in the demographic dynamics appear to be caused by faster growth of income of the highest-income population. Decrease of morbidity coupled with the increase of the share of poor population is seen as the result of social “self-isolation” and “marginalization” of the lowest-income population who have lost access to healthcare services, caused by optimizing (closing) healthcare facilities in the remote regions of the Far East. It is postulated that the realization of the progressive demographic policy in the macroregion is possible only by decreasing social inequality and increasing state expenses on social support and investment into social goods.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - S N Naiden AU - A V Belousova AU - M A Gritsko PY - 2020 DA - 2020/03/17 TI - Social Inequality and Demographic Dynamics: Regions of the Russian Far East BT - Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference "Far East Con" (ISCFEC 2020) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 1766 EP - 1772 SN - 2352-5428 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.200312.244 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.200312.244 ID - Naiden2020 ER -