Risk Factors for Newly Diagnosed Hypertensive at Non-Diabetes Participants: A Cohort Study in Central Bogor, Indonesia
Eva Sulistiowati, Marice Sihombing
Available Online 22 February 2020.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.200215.015How to use a DOI?
- hypertension, risk factors, non-diabetes participants, cohort study
- Hypertension is a major contributor to cardiovascular disease. Hypertension is known as the silent killer disease. The patients do not feel any symptoms or asymptomatic and for a long time, if it is not be cured they will get some complications. The prevalence of hypertension is rising in the world including Indonesia. This aim of the study is to assess the risk factors for newly diagnosed hypertension at non-diabetes respondents in the Cohort Study of Risk Factors for Non-Communicable Diseases in Central Bogor. We conducted a prospective study, the sample was respondents from baseline data Cohort Study 2011–2012 that they were not diagnosed hypertensive with JNC VII criteria, and not diabetes mellitus with ADA criteria (3984 persons), conducted follow-up for 6 years. Data collected by interviews, physical examinations (weight, height, abdominal circumference, blood pressure), and laboratories (fasting plasma glucose and 2 hours after loading 75 g of glucose, total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, triglycerides). We used multiple logistic regression for analysis and odd ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated to identify risk factors associated with hypertension. The incidence of hypertension increases every year and proportion of cumulative in 6 years was 770 persons (19.32%), 219 mens (28.4%) and 551 womens (71.6%). Hypertensive participants had higer levels for fasting plasma glucose and 2 hours after loading, triglycerides and LDL than normotensive (p<0.001). Risk factors assosiated with hypertension are age ≥45 years (OR=1.31; 95% CI=1.114–1.549), obesity (OR=1.89; 95% CI=1.592–2.250), diabetes (OR=2.31; 95% CI=1.674–3.182), high LDL (OR=1.59; 95% CI=1.303–1.947), and stress (OR=2.5; 95% CI=1.985–3.166) with p ≤ 0.05. Age, obesity, diabetes, high LDL and stress are important risk factors associated with hypertension. Most of the risk factors can be modified and require prevention efforts with lifestyle changes.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Eva Sulistiowati AU - Marice Sihombing PY - 2020 DA - 2020/02/22 TI - Risk Factors for Newly Diagnosed Hypertensive at Non-Diabetes Participants: A Cohort Study in Central Bogor, Indonesia BT - Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Health Research (ISHR 2019) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 74 EP - 80 SN - 2468-5739 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.200215.015 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.200215.015 ID - Sulistiowati2020 ER -