The Potential of Fungal Isolates from Vermicompost Water Extract to Inhibit Alternaria solani in Vitro and Suppress Early Blight Disease in Tomato
- 10.2991/absr.k.210609.008How to use a DOI?
- tomato fruit, Trichoderma, biological control, antagonistic microbes
Early blight disease caused by Alternaria solani, Sorr is an important disease in tomato. Biological control is one of the environmentally-friendly control measures of the disease. Vermicompost is a potential source of antagonistic microbes for biological control of plant diseases. The objective of this study were to isolate fungi from vermicompost water extract and examine their abilities to inhibit the growth of A. solani in vitro and suppress the pathogen infection in tomato fruits and leaves. The fungi were isolated from water extract of two types of vermicompost which were cattle manure vermicompost and goat manure vermicompost. The fungal isolates obtained were tested for their antagonistic abilities against A. solani in vitro using adual culture method. The in vitro experiment was arranged in Completely Randomized Design. The selected isolates were examined their abilities in suppressing A. solani infection in tomato fruits and early blight disease in tomato leaves. The in vivo experiments were arranged in Randomized Complete Block Design. The isolation of fungi from the water extract of two types of vermicompost resulted in 14 fungal isolates, which were nine isolates from cattle manure vermicompost and five isolates from goat manure vermicompost. Among 14 fungal isolates, there were seven isolates that inhibited the growth of A. solani in vitro. In tomato fruits, six fungal isolates inhibited A. solani infection by 64%-76% at five days after inoculation. However, two isolates (Trichoderma spp.) colonized the fruit surface after seven days of incubation. In tomato plants, two fungal isolates (Trichoderma spp.) suppressed early blight disease in the leaves by 55.3%-58.2%. This finding showed that some fungal isolates from the water extract of vermicompost were antagonistic to A. solani in vitro and had potential as the biological control agents of early blight disease in tomato.
- © 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Noor Istifadah AU - Retno Anjani Putri AU - Fitri Widiantini AU - Sri Hartati PY - 2021 DA - 2021/06/11 TI - The Potential of Fungal Isolates from Vermicompost Water Extract to Inhibit Alternaria solani in Vitro and Suppress Early Blight Disease in Tomato BT - Proceedings of the International Seminar on Promoting Local Resources for Sustainable Agriculture and Development (ISPLRSAD 2020) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 46 EP - 50 SN - 2468-5747 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/absr.k.210609.008 DO - 10.2991/absr.k.210609.008 ID - Istifadah2021 ER -