Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Mechatronics, Control and Electronic Engineering

The Research on Ammonium Salt was used to Remove Sodium from Fly Ash Red Mud

Authors
Chao Chen, Guang-hui Bai, Fei Li, Hui-dong Xie
Corresponding Author
Chao Chen
Available Online March 2014.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/mce-14.2014.124How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Fly ash red mud; Environmental pollution; New sodium removal process; Ammonium salt; Silicate materials
Abstract
Red mud or bauxite residue is a waste or by-product produced from the alumina industry. With the rapid development of alumina industry, the comprehensive utilization of red mud has not been resolved for a long time ,it seriously polluted the environment and led to a waste of resources.In the present work, the ammonium salts were used to remove sodium from fly ash red mud. Using red mud with acid and ammonium nitrate, ammonium reaction freed, nitrate are combined into soluble salt with metal ions. The reaction time, reaction temperature, liquid-solid ratio and ammonium salt/Na2O ration were studied. The optimal reaction conditions are: reaction time is 80 min, reaction temperature is 60 , liquid-solid ratio is 6 and ammonium salt- Na2O ratio is 1.5 for NH4NO3 and (NH4)2CO3, respectively. NH4NO3 have a better property for removing sodium than (NH4)2CO3. Both of them can achieve the requirement that make the sodium content below 2w%, and accord with the requirement for building materials.
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Proceedings
2014 International Conference on Mechatronics, Control and Electronic Engineering (MCE-14)
Part of series
Advances in Intelligent Systems Research
Publication Date
March 2014
ISBN
978-94-62520-31-8
ISSN
1951-6851
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/mce-14.2014.124How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Chao Chen
AU  - Guang-hui Bai
AU  - Fei Li
AU  - Hui-dong Xie
PY  - 2014/03
DA  - 2014/03
TI  - The Research on Ammonium Salt was used to Remove Sodium from Fly Ash Red Mud
BT  - 2014 International Conference on Mechatronics, Control and Electronic Engineering (MCE-14)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 556
EP  - 559
SN  - 1951-6851
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/mce-14.2014.124
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/mce-14.2014.124
ID  - Chen2014/03
ER  -