Aging Population as a Factor of Reduction of the Working-Age Population of the Country
- 10.2991/aebmr.k.200324.158How to use a DOI?
- population, demographic problems, gender and age structure, population ageing, methods of regulation, demographic forecast, migration, migration processes
The relevance of the article is that population ageing is one of the most important demographic problems that has a global character and affects all socio-economic processes of society. The article deals with the issues of demography, namely mortality and fertility, the change in total population, changes in age-sex structure and distribution of Russia’s population between urban and rural areas for the period 2001 – 2018. We have separately studied the question of the ageing of the population. This problem is common to many modern economies. There are positive and negative consequences of this process. The main problem is the reduction of the working-age population of the country. As effective methods of studying and analyzing phenomena and processes, the following are proposed: statistical observation, sampling; summary and grouping; a system of indicators (average, absolute and relative values, indices); graphical analysis, as well as own (special) research methods (scales-meters of demographic processes; sex and age pyramids; standardization; tables of survival; longitudinal and transverse analysis, etc.) The analysis of demographic indicators of Russia allowed to carry out an assessment of features of sex and age structure of the population at the present stage and in the future. At the same time, the reduction of the working-age population of the country and the aging of the population were identified as the main trend. At the same time, migration processes, which include Russia, allow in recent years to “mitigate” the consequences of the growth of the coefficient of pension burden of the population. All this requires the government to develop a set of measures to reduce the effects of demographic aging, maintain sustainable socio-economic development and ensure a decent quality of life for older people, as well as promote active old age, which implies maintaining productive employment of workers for longer periods.
- © 2020, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Privalov Nikolai Gennadievich AU - Zhuravleva Natalya Alexandrovna AU - Privalova Svetlana Gennadievna PY - 2020 DA - 2020/03/30 TI - Aging Population as a Factor of Reduction of the Working-Age Population of the Country BT - Proceedings of the “New Silk Road: Business Cooperation and Prospective of Economic Development” (NSRBCPED 2019) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 857 EP - 863 SN - 2352-5428 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.200324.158 DO - 10.2991/aebmr.k.200324.158 ID - Gennadievich2020 ER -