Proceedings of the 1st Tarumanagara International Conference on Medicine and Health (TICMIH 2021)

Effectiveness of Deep Breathing Relaxation and Music Therapy as a Pain-Reducing Intervention in Post-Caesarean Section Patients

Authors
Furry Puspitaningdyah1, Maruli Pardamean Karo Sekali1, Ni Gusti Ayu Eka2, *, Windy Sapta Handayani Zega3
1Student, Faculty of Nursing Universitas Pelita Harapan Tangerang Indonesia
2Lecturer, Faculty of Nursing Universitas Pelita Harapan Tangerang Indonesia
3Clinical Educator, Faculty of Nursing Universitas Pelita Harapan Tangerang Indonesia
*Corresponding author. Email: gusti.eka@uph.edu
Corresponding Author
Ni Gusti Ayu Eka
Available Online 1 December 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.211130.001How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Post cesarean section; Deep breath relaxation techniques; Music therapy
Abstract

Post-cesarean section women may experience severe pain due to operative procedure in which most of them might have unpleasant experiences due to inadequate pain management. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments can be used to minimize the pain. A combination of deep breathing relaxation techniques and music therapy is a non-pharmacological method to reduce pain, but there is limited study on combination technique intervention for post-cesarean section. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a combination of deep breath relaxation technique and music therapy in reducing pain severity in post-cesarean section patients. This study applied a quasi-experiment method with purposive sampling using control group. The sample of this study was 52 respondents (26 respondents for the control group and 26 respondents for the experimental group) from two private hospitals in Jakarta. Women in the experimental group received the combination technique and those in the control group received only deep breathing relaxation technique. The outcome pain severity was measured by NRS (Numeric Rating Scale) before and after intervention. This study conducted both univariate and bivariate analyses. The result of this study showed that the combination of deep breath relaxation techniques and music therapy was more effective in reducing pain severity in post-cesarean section patients (p value <0.0001; r -0.857) compared to deep breathing relaxation techniques alone (p value <0.0001; r -0.766). It is therefore important to consider implementing the combination techniques in hospital settings.

Copyright
© 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 1st Tarumanagara International Conference on Medicine and Health (TICMIH 2021)
Series
Advances in Health Sciences Research
Publication Date
1 December 2021
ISBN
978-94-6239-473-5
ISSN
2468-5739
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.211130.001How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Furry Puspitaningdyah
AU  - Maruli Pardamean Karo Sekali
AU  - Ni Gusti Ayu Eka
AU  - Windy Sapta Handayani Zega
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/12/01
TI  - Effectiveness of Deep Breathing Relaxation and Music Therapy as a Pain-Reducing Intervention in Post-Caesarean Section Patients
BT  - Proceedings of the 1st Tarumanagara International Conference on Medicine and Health (TICMIH 2021)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 1
EP  - 5
SN  - 2468-5739
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.211130.001
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.211130.001
ID  - Puspitaningdyah2021
ER  -