Artery Research

Volume 16, Issue C, December 2016, Pages 79 - 79

12.11 SARCOPENIA AND VASCULAR RISK IN A HEALTHY ELDERLY UK POPULATION (BRAVES STUDY)

Authors
A. Nagy1, I. Ramsay1, J. Wright1, C. Morrison1, C. Bulpitt1, F. Fantin2, M. Zamboni2, C. Rajkumar1
1Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust, Brighton, UK
2Clinica Geriatrica, Ospedale Maggiore, Verona, Italy
Available Online 24 November 2016.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2016.10.109How to use a DOI?
Abstract

Introduction: Sarcopenia, the loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength that occurs with advancing age [1] is correlated with functional decline and disability but little is known about its relationship with cardiovascular risk. Bioimpedence analysis (BIA) is a validated technique for measuring muscle mass, convenient for use in large cohort studies. Arterial stiffness (compliance) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular events.

Methods: The BRAVES study was designed to compare cardiovascular risk between two healthy elderly cohorts in the UK and in Italy. We used data from the UK cohort to investigate the relationship between sarcopenia and vascular compliance.

Participants were eligible if aged 65–85 years, lived within the Brighton area and had weight loss of no more than 5% in the last month. All underwent physical exam, BIA assessment of skeletal mass index (SMI) and two measures of arterial compliance. Pulse wave velocity (PWV) was measured between carotid-femoral and carotid-radial arteries and the augmentation index (AIx) derived from carotid and radial arteries. A bivariate correlation was performed.

Results: Ninety patients (64 female; 26 male) had mean age 73, mean FFM 46.84kg (range 34.7–74.7) and mean SMI 6.77 (range 4.84–10.09). There was a negative relationship between SMI and Radial AIx (R=0.−542, p=0.000) as well as Carotid AIx (R=−0.391, p=0.002) but not PWV. Using multiple regression to control for the effects of age and gender, SMI was independently related to radial AIx (p=.013).

Conclusions: Skeletal muscle mass index is strongly negatively correlated with augmentation index, a measure of vascular stiffness. This finding suggests that elderly patients with higher muscle mass have a more compliant aorta and hence lower cardiovascular risk. Whether sarcopenia acts as a marker for CV risk or plays an active role in cardiovascular disease progression is not yet established and deserves further investigation.

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Journal
Artery Research
Volume-Issue
16 - C
Pages
79 - 79
Publication Date
2016/11/24
ISSN (Online)
1876-4401
ISSN (Print)
1872-9312
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2016.10.109How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - A. Nagy
AU  - I. Ramsay
AU  - J. Wright
AU  - C. Morrison
AU  - C. Bulpitt
AU  - F. Fantin
AU  - M. Zamboni
AU  - C. Rajkumar
PY  - 2016
DA  - 2016/11/24
TI  - 12.11 SARCOPENIA AND VASCULAR RISK IN A HEALTHY ELDERLY UK POPULATION (BRAVES STUDY)
JO  - Artery Research
SP  - 79
EP  - 79
VL  - 16
IS  - C
SN  - 1876-4401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2016.10.109
DO  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2016.10.109
ID  - Nagy2016
ER  -