P69 The Initial Upstroke Time is Most Strongly Associated with the Severity of as Among Brachial Pulse Wave Parameters
- 10.2991/artres.k.191224.100How to use a DOI?
Background: Aortic valve stenosis (AS) is the most common valve disease in an elderly population, therefore, simple screening examination for AS is needed. Although a prolonged carotid upstroke time (UT), and prolonged ejection time (ET) of a brachial pulse wave (BPW) have been observed in severe AS patients, it has been unclear which BPW parameters have a better correlation with the severity of AS. The aim of this study was to examine which BPW parameters are most relevant to the severity of AS.
Methods: Sixty-five Consecutive moderate and severe AS patients who were evaluated by trans-thoracic echocardiography were enrolled in this study. Control patients who were adjusted for age, gender, and blood pressure among outpatients were enrolled (N = 110). UT, ET, initial upstroke time (iUT), and half rise time of upstroke (1/2 hrUT) were evaluated correlations between mean pressure gradient (mPG) among AS patients.
Results: iUT and 1/2 hrUT have significant correlations with mPG among AS patients (iUT: R = 0.50, 95% CI = 0.29–0.67, p < 0.0001; 1/2 hrUT: R = 0.41, 95% CI = 0.19–0.60, p < 0.001), whereas UT and ET did not. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed area under curve (AUC) of iUT and 1/2 hrUT were higher than UT and ET to predict mPG >40 mmHg (AUC: iUT vs 1/2 hrUT vs UT vs ET = 0.90 vs 0.89 vs 0.69 vs 0.77).
Conclusion: The severity of AS appeared strongly in the first half of the BPW upstroke. iUT and 1/2 hrUT may be a simple and useful screening test to assess the severity of AS.
- © 2019 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
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Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Masao Takahashi AU - Kyohei Fukatani AU - Tomoyuki Kabutoya AU - Satoshi Hoshide AU - Tatsuya Yoneyama AU - Tetsuya Ito AU - Kazuomi Kario PY - 2020 DA - 2020/02/17 TI - P69 The Initial Upstroke Time is Most Strongly Associated with the Severity of as Among Brachial Pulse Wave Parameters JO - Artery Research SP - S113 EP - S113 VL - 25 IS - Supplement 1 SN - 1876-4401 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.191224.100 DO - 10.2991/artres.k.191224.100 ID - Takahashi2020 ER -