P109 The Influence of Sex on Cuff Blood Pressure Accuracy
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Background: Cuff blood pressure (BP) is intended to approximate central aortic BP and accuracy is paramount. Sex differences in BP physiology could influence the accuracy of cuff BP as an estimate of invasive aortic BP, but this has not been explored in-depth and was the aim of this study.
Methods: Cuff and invasive aortic BP were measured in 1701 subjects (31.9% female, aged 63 ± 12) during coronary angiography from the INvaSive blood PressurE ConsorTium (INSPECT) database. Cuff accuracy was defined as cuff–invasive BP. In a sub-sample (n = 376, 27% female, aged 63 ± 11), invasive brachial BP was recorded to assess systolic (SBP) amplification (invasive brachial–aortic SBP).
Results: Invasive aortic SBP was higher in females compared with males (mean [95% CI]: 141.8 mmHg [137.1, 146.3] versus 132.9 mmHg [129.4, 136.4], p < 0.001). Cuff SBP significantly underestimated invasive aortic SBP in females compared with males (−3.1 mmHg [−5.9, −0.2] versus 1.4 mmHg [−1.1, 4.0], p < 0.001 for difference). Sex differences remained after adjustment for age and height. In the sub-sample, aortic-to-brachial SBP-amplification was lower in females (7.1 mmHg [3.3, 10.8] versus 10.2 mmHg [5.1, 15.4], p = 0.0070). Sex, SBP-amplification, height and age were associated with cuff BP inaccuracy, but only SBP-amplification and age remained associated in multivariable analysis (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: Females have greater propensity towards cuff BP inaccuracy through underestimation of aortic SBP. Both age and the magnitude of aortic-to-brachial SBP-amplification are related to cuff BP inaccuracy, which provide greater understanding of sex differences in BP physiology and may help improve the accuracy of cuff BP methods.
- © 2019 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
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- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Elif Stoneman AU - Dean Picone AU - Martin Schultz AU - Matthew Armstrong AU - Willem Bos AU - Nathan Dwyer AU - Peter Lacy AU - Esben Laugesen AU - Stefano Omboni AU - Giacomo Pucci AU - Philip Roberts-Thomson AU - George Stouffer AU - Kenji Takazawa AU - Thomas Weber AU - Berend Westerhof AU - James Sharman PY - 2020 DA - 2020/02/17 TI - P109 The Influence of Sex on Cuff Blood Pressure Accuracy JO - Artery Research SP - S149 EP - S149 VL - 25 IS - Supplement 1 SN - 1876-4401 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.191224.135 DO - 10.2991/artres.k.191224.135 ID - Stoneman2020 ER -