P122 Unrealistic Pulse Pressures from Calibrated Tonometric Waveforms
- 10.2991/artres.k.191224.148How to use a DOI?
Background: Calibration of carotid artery tonometry waveforms needs to account for pulse pressure augmentation . Due to its location nearer to the heart, carotid pulse pressure (carPP) is about 10 mmHg lower than brachial (brachPP) . In practice, perfect applanation is hard to achieve with tonometry and thus tracking-errors may occur, leading to an exaggerated fall in the diastolic limb of the tonometry waveform. Consequently, the mean-to-diastolic difference of the waveform is underestimated, leading to an overestimation of carPP after calibration. We assessed the relationship between brachPP and carPP in 100 subjects, aged 18–80 yrs.
Methods and Results: Brachial pressure (Omron) and carotid tonometry (Sphygmocor) measurements were performed by a single, highly skilled vascular technician, according to Artery Society methodological standards. CarPP was 5 ± 13 mmHg lower than brachPP. Bland-Altman analysis revealed a positive trend (r = 0.695, p < 0.0001) between the carPP–brachPP difference and their mean, with carPP being 20 mmHg lower than brachPP at a mean 40 mmHg which extended to carPP being 20 mmHg higher(!) than brachPP at a mean 80 mmHg. Accordingly, 30% of the study population showed unphysiological carPP, indicating an unrealistic i.e. reverse amplification. Even with a tolerance of +5 mmHg, still 20% of cases showed unrealistic values.
Conclusion: In practice, calibrated carotid tonometry waveforms may yield unphysiological overestimations of carotid pulse pressure. This finding implies (potential) estimation errors in regression model studies on central pressure and local stiffness, suggesting brachial pulse pressure would be a valid compromise.
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Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Koen Reesink AU - Louise Marais AU - Pierre Boutouyrie PY - 2020 DA - 2020/02/17 TI - P122 Unrealistic Pulse Pressures from Calibrated Tonometric Waveforms JO - Artery Research SP - S162 EP - S162 VL - 25 IS - Supplement 1 SN - 1876-4401 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.191224.148 DO - 10.2991/artres.k.191224.148 ID - Reesink2020 ER -