YI 1.4 Increases in Circulating Trimethylamine-N-Oxide Contribute to the Development of Age-Related Aortic Stiffness in Humans and Mice
- 10.2991/artres.k.201209.004How to use a DOI?
- Aging; stiffness; metabolites; translational
Age-related increases in aortic stiffness, assessed by pulse wave velocity (PWV), predict cardiovascular (CV)-related mortality, but the upstream drivers are incompletely understood.
Purpose: To determine if higher circulating levels of the gut microbiome-derived metabolite trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) contribute to age-related aortic stiffening.
Methods and Results: Plasma TMAO concentrations were higher in healthy middle-aged-to-older (45–79 y; N = 83) vs. young (18–27 y; N = 14) humans (6.3 ± 0.6 vs. 1.8 ± 0.3 μM; p < 0.01) and positively related to carotid-femoral (c-f) PWV (r2 = 0.15, p < 0.0001). To determine the role of TMAO in established age-related aortic stiffness, we supplemented old mice (27 mo; N = 12–16/group) with 1% 3,3-dimethyl-1-butanol (DMB; suppresses microbiota-dependent TMAO production) in drinking water for 8–10 weeks vs. normal drinking water (control). Relative to young mice (3 mo; N = 23), old mice had higher aortic (a) PWV (412 ± 17 vs. 349 ± 11 cm/s; p < 0.01), but DMB had no effect on aPWV (p = 0.58 vs. control) despite suppressing plasma TMAO (control: 8.7 ± 6.3 vs. DMB: 4.3 ± 1.2 µM, p = 0.07) to young levels (3.8 ± 2.6 µM). Next, to determine if TMAO contributes to the development of aortic stiffening, we initiated DMB at mid-life (18 mo; i.e., before the onset of stiffening; N = 8–21/age/treatment). aPWV was similar between young and 18 month-old mice (363 ± 5 cm/s; p = 0.58), but increased progressively with age in control mice (24 mo: 401 ± 13 cm/s, p = 0.03 vs. young; 27 mo: 442 ± 10 cm/s, p < 0.001 vs. young), whereas age-related increases in PWV were considerably attenuated by DMB (24 mo: 359 ± 9 cm/s; 27 mo: 388 ± 10 cm/s, both p < 0.01 vs. control).
Conclusions: Age-related increases in TMAO contribute to the development of aortic stiffness. TMAO-targeted interventions initiated in mid-life may prevent/delay age-related aortic stiffening and reduce CV risk.
Funding: HL134887-02S1, AG060884, HL140875, AG000279.
- © 2020 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Abigail G Casso AU - Rachel A Gioscia-Ryan AU - Zachary J Sapinsley AU - Nicholas S VanDongen AU - Amy E Bazzoni AU - Andrew P Neilson AU - Melanie C Zigler AU - Kevin P Davy AU - Douglas R Seals AU - Vienna E Brunt PY - 2020 DA - 2020/12/31 TI - YI 1.4 Increases in Circulating Trimethylamine-N-Oxide Contribute to the Development of Age-Related Aortic Stiffness in Humans and Mice JO - Artery Research SP - S4 EP - S4 VL - 26 IS - Supplement 1 SN - 1876-4401 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201209.004 DO - 10.2991/artres.k.201209.004 ID - Casso2020 ER -