P.16 Expanding on the Observed Correlation between the Ambulatory Arterial Stiffness Index and the Lower Limit of Cerebral Autoregulation during Cardiac Surgery
- 10.2991/artres.k.201209.029How to use a DOI?
- Cerebral-autoregulation; cardiac-surgery; arterial-properties; blood-flow
Background: The lower limit of cerebral autoregulation (LLA) refers to the mean blood pressure (BP) below which cerebral blood flow becomes pressure-dependent, resulting, among others, in an increased stroke risk. The LLA measured during cardiac surgery, correlates with the vascular measure Ambulatory Arterial Stiffness Index (AASI) determined from intraoperative continuous radial BP before cardiopulmonary bypass . Using these data we investigated added factors that may enhance this correlation.
Design and method: The study population included 167 patients undergoing cardiac surgery (age 71 ± 8 years, 68% males) with good-quality BP records. The AASI. Additionally tested predictors were body-mass index (BMI), the coefficient of variation (SD/mean) of the systolic BP (SBP_CV), the composite variables BMI*(1-AASI), and its linear combination with SBP_CV. The odds ratio (OR) was determined by applying logistic regression to dichotomized predictors (by medians) and LLA- (by selected thresholds) adjusted to age, sex, diabetes mellitus, heart rate and preoperative diastolic BP.
Results: The Table shows that the LLA of individuals correlated significantly with each of the (continuous) predictors, and the adjusted OR increased for the composite predictors (dichotomized), while showing insensitivity to adjustors. The ORs reached a maximum for a LLA threshold of 55 mmHg.
Predictor Univariate regression Adjusted OR r (p-value) Mean [95% CI] (p-value) AASI 0.27 (0.0004) 2.41 [1.16–5.00] (0.02) BMI −0.26 (0.0007) 3.77 [1.78–8.00] (0.0005) SBP_CV −0.29 (0.0002) 3.50 [1.71–7.16] (0.0006) BMI*(1-AASI) −0.35 (0.000005) 4.51 [2.16–9.40] (0.00006) 80*SBP_CV + BMI*(1-AASI) −0.44 (<0.000001) 8.20 [3.67–18.3] (<0.000001)
Conclusion: The newly-defined composite predictors that increased the likelihood of predicting a LLA higher than 55 mmHg enhances our knowledge regarding the cerebral vasculature and autoregulation, and BP variability determinants of LLA under anesthesia.
- © 2020 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
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Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Benjamin Gavish AU - Allan Gottschalk AU - Charles W Hogue AU - Jochen Steppan PY - 2020 DA - 2020/12/31 TI - P.16 Expanding on the Observed Correlation between the Ambulatory Arterial Stiffness Index and the Lower Limit of Cerebral Autoregulation during Cardiac Surgery JO - Artery Research SP - S37 EP - S37 VL - 26 IS - Supplement 1 SN - 1876-4401 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201209.029 DO - 10.2991/artres.k.201209.029 ID - Gavish2020 ER -