P.54 Biomarkers and Haemodynamic Predictors of Left Atrial Strain in Early Hypertension
- 10.2991/artres.k.201209.064How to use a DOI?
- Arterial stiffness; atrial remodeling
Background: In the early stages of atrial remodeling, increased aortic stiffness might indicate atrial fibrosis.
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the association between left atrial (LA) mechanical function, assessed by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography and aortic stiffness and whether this association is medicated by circulating biomarkers in early hypertension.
Methods: We studied 34 patients, mean age 47.5 ± 11.6 years, 56% females. All parameters for arterial stiffness including 24 hour central systolic pressure, augmentation index and pulse wave velocity were measured non–invasively using Mobil-O-graph PWA. All patients underwent standard two-dimensional echocardiography with Spackle tracking analysis for left atrium (LA). Circulating biomarkers including renin, aldosterone and morning cortisol were measured using ELISA.
Results: LA strain showed a significant relationship with central aortic systolic pressure; 24-hr (r = –0.46, p < 0.05), daytime (r = –50, p < 0.05) and nighttime (r = –55, p < 0.01) with no relationship with central diastolic or brachial pressures. There was a significant positive association between LA strain and aldosterone (r = 0.49, p < 0.05), aldosterone-renin ratio (r = 0.30, p < 0.05) and cortisol (r = 0.66, p < 0.01) with no relationship observed with plasma renin activity. In a stepwise regression model, central systolic pressure, aldosterone and cortisol emerged as predictors of LA strain independent of age, gender, brachial pressure and LAVi.
Conclusions: In mild hypertension, central but not brachial systolic pressure determines LA remodeling which in turn may be mediated by circulating aldosterone and cortisol. This study highlights the important role of circulating biomarkers in mediating aortic stiffness and LA fibrosis in early hypertension.
- © 2020 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Maryam Bukhamseen AU - Nada Al-Saileek AU - Ahmed Al-Saileek AU - Mohammad Ghormalla Ghamdi AU - Tahlil Wasame AU - Ahmed Omran AU - Azra Mahmud PY - 2020 DA - 2020/12/31 TI - P.54 Biomarkers and Haemodynamic Predictors of Left Atrial Strain in Early Hypertension JO - Artery Research SP - S76 EP - S76 VL - 26 IS - Supplement 1 SN - 1876-4401 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201209.064 DO - 10.2991/artres.k.201209.064 ID - Bukhamseen2020 ER -