Proceedings of the 2018 Annual Conference of Asian Association for Public Administration: "Reinventing Public Administration in a Globalized World: A Non-Western Perspective" (AAPA 2018)

Bureaucratic representation in duality structure: Beyond positivism epistemology in understanding bureaucracy

Authors
Laurensius Petrus Sayrani
Corresponding Author
Laurensius Petrus Sayrani
Available Online March 2018.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/aapa-18.2018.55How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Bureaucratic Representation, Duality Structure, Non-Positivistic Epistemology
Abstract
The process and dynamics in the bureaucracy is not only about a single process (managerial mechanistic, hierarchical, formalistic) however, actually it is a dynamic arena as shown in the phenomenon of representational bureaucratic practice. The practice of representational bureaucracy which is coinciding in the formal process of bureaucracy based on meritocracy is the evidence that bureaucracy’s dynamics in the duality’s structures that bring together simultaneously between formal and informal mechanisms. This is dismisses the paradigm of structural dualism which carried the mainstream theory of bureaucracy theory currently, which is subjective including the problem of inter-group relations (ethnic and religious) must be removed from the bureaucracy because it is considered irrational. The practice of representation in the bureaucracy, especially the informal mechanisms which developed in the bureaucracy has shows that the bureaucracy can not be studied with dualism structures’s frame of mind that sees the formal structure of bureaucracy with bureaucratic behavior and also at the other levels that is between political actors (heads of regions) and dichotomous bureaucratic actors (separated/one-way determination). In contrast, the practice of representation in the bureaucracy shows that the bureaucracy actually works/proceed in the framework of the duality’s structure. In duality’s structure, the frame of the bureaucratic structure and political actors behavior and bureaucracy (agency) always interact dynamically and reciprocally (two-way). On the one hand, the bureaucratic structure will determine political actors behavior and bureaucracy through an objectifying process that produces a formal bureaucratic system. On the other hand, political actors and bureaucracy have the capacity to recreate bureaucracy through a subjective process that produce an informal system in the bureaucracy. The practice of representational bureaucracy in this duality’s structure is only possible to understand if bureaucracy is understood or studied through a non positivistic epistemology that allows reality to be studied or understood as a non-singular subjective reality and be formed by an intersubjective relation in the bureaucracy
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TY  - CONF
AU  - Laurensius Petrus Sayrani
PY  - 2018/03
DA  - 2018/03
TI  - Bureaucratic representation in duality structure: Beyond positivism epistemology in understanding bureaucracy
BT  - Proceedings of the 2018 Annual Conference of Asian Association for Public Administration: "Reinventing Public Administration in a Globalized World: A Non-Western Perspective" (AAPA 2018)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 587
EP  - 599
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/aapa-18.2018.55
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/aapa-18.2018.55
ID  - Sayrani2018/03
ER  -