The Impacts of a Long Residue Addition to the Briquette Quality of Ketapang Fruit and Siwalan Fruit Skin Charcoals Using Amylum as Additive and a Manual Briquette Machine
- 10.2991/aer.k.210810.019How to use a DOI?
- Long Residue, Ketapang, Siwalan, Briquette, Proximate Analysis
A Long residue is a bottom product of an atmospheric distillation unit of crude oil. Generally this product is further processed in a refinery secondary unit to produce more yield. In case there is no refinery secondary process this bottom product is mixed with chemicals to produce marine fuel oil. This paper aims to describe the impacts of a long residue addition to the briquette quality of Ketapang or Terminalia catappa fruit and siwalan or Borassus flabellifer L fruit skin charcoals using amylum as an additive and a manual briquette machine. Each briquette composition consisted of 10 %, 20 % and 30 % weight of long residue respectively and, 5 % weight of amylum. A manual briquette machine was used to mold the briquette. The Briquette results, then, were analyzed based on their proximate parameters and porosity. The analysis shows that the higher the long residue addition the better the briquette proximate analysis result. Some parameters such as porosity, moisture content, and calorific value fulfill the Briquette Indonesian standard nevertheless parameters such as FC, ash and volatile matter contents need to be improved. These three last parameters relate to the raw materials chosen and the performance of a charcoal furnace used. The compressive strength of the briquettes also does not fulfill the requirement as a manual molding machine was used for briquette process.
- © 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Suparno AU - W.R. Hatiningrum AU - A. Huzein AU - R.D. Syahputra AU - A.D Rahangmetang AU - HH Naim PY - 2021 DA - 2021/08/11 TI - The Impacts of a Long Residue Addition to the Briquette Quality of Ketapang Fruit and Siwalan Fruit Skin Charcoals Using Amylum as Additive and a Manual Briquette Machine BT - Proceedings of the 2nd Borobudur International Symposium on Science and Technology (BIS-STE 2020) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 114 EP - 119 SN - 2352-5401 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.210810.019 DO - 10.2991/aer.k.210810.019 ID - 2021 ER -