Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Applied Linguistics (CONAPLIN 9)

An Analysis of Meaning Negotiation Strategies Used in Conversation by Undergraduate Efl Students

Authors
Rudi Hartono, Diemroh Ihsan
Corresponding Author
Rudi Hartono
Available Online November 2016.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/conaplin-16.2017.58How to use a DOI?
Keywords
communication strategy; negotiation of meaning; EFL learner
Abstract

Negotiation of meaning occurs in interactions as a communication strategy to make meaning comprehensible. In a conversation, speakers and interlocutors may employ negotiation of meaning strategy to achieve mutual understanding. Negotiation of meaning is important in language acquisition and second or foreign language learning. With the use of negotiation of meaning, speakers and interlocutors can avoid misunderstanding and communication breakdowns. This qualitative study examined the ways in which learners of English employed negotiation of meaning strategies in conversation performed by six undergraduate EFL students. The data were collected through the participants' performance in an information gap activity, Spot the Difference task and analyzed using conversation analysis. The results revealed that frequently used negotiation of meaning strategies (confirmation checks, repetitions, and self-corrections) were used to help their interlocutors understand and comprehend meaning. Furthermore, this study revealed that the information gap activity provided opportunity for the participants to negotiate meaning as it required them to exchange information and compare the similarities and differences of their pictures. Finally, the study suggests that there is a need to examine the impact of negotiation of meaning in classroom interaction and the extent to which negotiation of meaning contributes to second or foreign language learning.

Copyright
© 2017, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Applied Linguistics (CONAPLIN 9)
Series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
November 2016
ISBN
978-94-6252-322-7
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/conaplin-16.2017.58How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2017, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Rudi Hartono
AU  - Diemroh Ihsan
PY  - 2016/11
DA  - 2016/11
TI  - An Analysis of Meaning Negotiation Strategies Used in Conversation by Undergraduate Efl Students
BT  - Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Applied Linguistics (CONAPLIN 9)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 260
EP  - 263
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/conaplin-16.2017.58
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/conaplin-16.2017.58
ID  - Hartono2016/11
ER  -