Proceedings of the International Conference on Electronics, Mechanics, Culture and Medicine

Effects of a Restrictive Antibiotic Policy on Antibiotic Usage and Staphylococcus Aureus Resistance

Authors
Fan Qiu, Li Meng, Hao Jin, Jun Chen
Corresponding Author
Fan Qiu
Available Online February 2016.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/emcm-15.2016.97How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Antibiotic; Rational use; Antibiotic policy; Antibiotic resistance; Staphylococcus aureus
Abstract
Objective: This paper aims to report the survey of antimicrobial usage and resistance to Staphylococcus aureus in a local hospital under the restrictive antibiotic policy in China. Methods: We conducted the analysis using retrospective data from 2011 to 2014. The hospital provided data concerning hospital characteristics and infection control policies. The data concerning antibiotic utilization were collected from hospital pharmacy records and reports. The antimicrobial susceptibility test were monitored and recorded in hospital microbiology laboratory. Results: Due to the restrictive antibiotic policy implemented in 2011, antibiotic prescription, antibiotic consumption, antibiotic procurement and prophylactic use of antibiotics in clean operations were all declined. The submission rate of microbial test in antimicrobial therapy increased, but the blood and other sterile site specimen need to be further applied. The broad spectrum antimicrobials and last line drugs still keep a regular susceptibility to Staphylococcus aureus. The factors of high age, long stay in hospital, long time for antibiotic usage and invasive operation were all related to antibiotic resistance. Conclusion: The intervention of antibiotic policy was effective to ensure the rational use of antibiotics.
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Proceedings
International Conference on Electronics, Mechanics, Culture and Medicine
Part of series
Advances in Computer Science Research
Publication Date
February 2016
ISBN
978-94-6252-163-6
ISSN
2352-538X
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/emcm-15.2016.97How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Fan Qiu
AU  - Li Meng
AU  - Hao Jin
AU  - Jun Chen
PY  - 2016/02
DA  - 2016/02
TI  - Effects of a Restrictive Antibiotic Policy on Antibiotic Usage and Staphylococcus Aureus Resistance
BT  - International Conference on Electronics, Mechanics, Culture and Medicine
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 512
EP  - 516
SN  - 2352-538X
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/emcm-15.2016.97
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/emcm-15.2016.97
ID  - Qiu2016/02
ER  -