The Effects of Free Primary Education on Occupational Choice and Internal Migration in Sub-Saharan Africa
- 10.2991/aebmr.k.201211.035How to use a DOI?
- Regional migration, education, occupation
This paper studies the relationship between education, occupational choice and regional migration in Sub-Saharan Africa. I assemble micro-data from household surveys and micro-censuses and use a differences-in-differences approach to evaluate the effects of the Free Primary Education reforms on individuals’ education levels, choices of occupation and migration decisions in Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia. The findings suggest that the reforms caused significant improvements in educational attainment in terms of primary school completion rates and average years of schooling. In all but one country (Ethiopia), the reforms also led a significant proportion of individuals to shift away from agriculture as their main occupation. Significantly positive effects of the reforms on internal migration support the hypothesis that regional mobility may be an important channel for occupational change in these countries. The results also suggest heterogeneity in the effects of the reforms, which are significantly larger for women than men in all countries except for Nigeria.
- © 2020, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Zhiling Sun PY - 2020 DA - 2020/12/14 TI - The Effects of Free Primary Education on Occupational Choice and Internal Migration in Sub-Saharan Africa BT - Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Economic and Business Management (FEBM 2020) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 197 EP - 211 SN - 2352-5428 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.201211.035 DO - 10.2991/aebmr.k.201211.035 ID - Sun2020 ER -