Proceedings of the International Conference of Democratisation in Southeast Asia (ICDeSA 2019)

Fake News and Elections in Two Southeast Asian Nations: A Comparative Study of Malaysia General Election 2018 and Indonesia Presidential Election 2019

Authors
Nururrianti Jalli, Nuurrianti Jalli, Ika Idris
Corresponding Author
Nururrianti Jalli
Available Online November 2019.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icdesa-19.2019.30How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Fake news, election, social media, Malaysia, Indonesia
Abstract

Increasing Internet penetration across the globe and the wide distribution of false information on Internet platforms have resulted in the pressing need to study the effects of fake content on society. The advancement of technologies also had contributed to a more sophisticated false content that could be produced. Widespread use of forged images and realistic fake videos were made possible through computer-generated techniques. Several studies had been done by other scholars to study the influence of fake news during elections (see Anis & Gentzkow, 2016; Persily, 2017) however limited has been done in the Southeast Asian perspective. This research aims to look at the distribution of fake news during two elections in Southeast Asia, focusing on Malaysia 14th General Election in 2018 and Indonesia Presidential Election 2019; and how false information influenced political discourse. We employed two different methods for this study which were social network analysis (SNA) and in-depth interviews. We analyzed six different hashtags popular during these two elections and how these hashtags were used as conduits to share false information. For Malaysia, three specific hashtags were studied - #MalaysiaBaru, #PakatanHarapan, #IniKalilah, while in Indonesia #DebatPintarJokowi #PrabowoMenangDebat and #PropagandaRusia. Our findings revealed that 1) fake news not only shared by ordinary users but also as a strategic communication by cyber armies employed by political parties, 2) fake news to a certain degree had influenced political discussion on social media during election period, 3) people are more likely to find stories that favored their political parties, and 4) victims of false content are believed to have low media literacy

Copyright
© 2019, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the International Conference of Democratisation in Southeast Asia (ICDeSA 2019)
Series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
November 2019
ISBN
978-94-6252-835-2
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icdesa-19.2019.30How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2019, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Nururrianti Jalli
AU  - Nuurrianti Jalli
AU  - Ika Idris
PY  - 2019/11
DA  - 2019/11
TI  - Fake News and Elections in Two Southeast Asian Nations: A Comparative Study of Malaysia General Election 2018 and Indonesia Presidential Election 2019
BT  - Proceedings of the International Conference of Democratisation in Southeast Asia (ICDeSA 2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 138
EP  - 148
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icdesa-19.2019.30
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icdesa-19.2019.30
ID  - Jalli2019/11
ER  -