The Impact of China’s Fertility Decline on China’s Economy
- 10.2991/assehr.k.211209.009How to use a DOI?
- Population control; fertility; economic growth; labor; aging population
The one-child policy in China is one of the strictest population control policies in contemporary society. The policy aims to curb excessive population growth that contributed to poverty and economic mismanagement in the 1970s. However, decades later, the policy seems to bring more problems rather than solutions, because China’s fertility rate is falling sharply. Despite government’s intervention measures, like the two-child policy in 2016, the negative consequences of the implementation of family planning are triggering an economic crisis.
This research uses literary analysis to study the declining fertility rate in China, the role of population control policies, and the subsequent economic effects. Data from the National Bureau of Statistics, the United Nations, and Census databases has been studies to establish correlations among study components. The analysis and discussion outline that China’s population is declining due to population control programs and it will cause an economic crisis if the trend in declining fertility is not intercepted and reversed. The conclusion affirms the discussion and suggests better population control, like educational opportunities.
- © 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Bingyi Liao PY - 2021 DA - 2021/12/15 TI - The Impact of China’s Fertility Decline on China’s Economy BT - Proceedings of the 2021 3rd International Conference on Economic Management and Cultural Industry (ICEMCI 2021) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 55 EP - 59 SN - 2352-5428 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.211209.009 DO - 10.2991/assehr.k.211209.009 ID - Liao2021 ER -