Proceedings of the International Conference of Health Development. Covid-19 and the Role of Healthcare Workers in the Industrial Era (ICHD 2020)

An Overview of the Consumption of Vegetables and Fruit in Public Elementary School Children in Bogor Regency

Authors
Nur Intania Sofianita, Ali Khomsan, Budi Setiawan, Ikeu Ekayanti
Corresponding Author
Nur Intania Sofianita
Available Online 25 November 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.201125.018How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Attitude, Consumption, Fruit, Knowledge, Vegetable
Abstract
Background: The lack of behavior in eating vegetables and fruit among schoolchildren causes some children to suffer from malnutrition. This study aims to look at the description and relationship between the behavior of vegetable and fruit consumption with the variable characteristics of the respondents. Methods: Using a cross-sectional method and a 24-hour food recall. Results: There are 433 respondents, 49% male, and 51% female, age of the respondents between 10-12 years. The nutritional status of students, 8.7% severe thinness and thinness, 11.5% overweight and obese. Availability of vegetables in the “rarely” category was 57.3% and fruits 47.6%. The results of the food recall of respondents who consumed vegetables were 58.66% with an average consumption of 47.11 grams, while respondents who consumed the fruit were 23.09% with an average consumption of 18.84 grams. The reason respondents did not eat vegetables and fruit was that 40% had “no appetite” and “not available” 23.3%. The knowledge score of “poor” (under 60) is 95.4% with an attitude categorized as “fair” at 48%. From the results of the chi-square test, there was a relationship (p <0.05) between the behavior of eating vegetables and fruit on gender, availability of vegetables, and the attitude of the respondents. There is no significant relationship between fruit vegetable consumption behavior and knowledge (p> 0.05). Conclusion: There are still students with malnutrition (thinness and overweight), The student’s consumption of vegetables and fruit has not reached the recommended portion of 400 grams per day (250 grams of vegetables and 150 grams of fruit per day), there is a significant relationship between the behavior of eating vegetables and fruit with gender, availability of fruit vegetables, and the attitude of the respondents. Suggestion: schools can hold regular nutrition education activities with students and parents so that the habit of eating vegetables and fruit can be improved.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Nur Intania Sofianita
AU  - Ali Khomsan
AU  - Budi Setiawan
AU  - Ikeu Ekayanti
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/11/25
TI  - An Overview of the Consumption of Vegetables and Fruit in Public Elementary School Children in Bogor Regency
BT  - Proceedings of the International Conference of Health Development. Covid-19 and the Role of Healthcare Workers in the Industrial Era (ICHD 2020)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 96
EP  - 99
SN  - 2468-5739
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.201125.018
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.201125.018
ID  - Sofianita2020
ER  -