Proceedings of the International Conference of Health Development. Covid-19 and the Role of Healthcare Workers in the Industrial Era (ICHD 2020)

Balance Diet Index (BDI) of Under-Five Children During Coronavirus Pandemic

Authors
Muhammad Nur Hasan Syah, Dian Luthfiana Sufyan, Nurbaya
Corresponding Author
Muhammad Nur Hasan Syah
Available Online 25 November 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.201125.073How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Balance Diet Index (BDI), under-five children, coronavirus, nutrition, pandemic, COVID-19
Abstract
The Covid-19 pandemic will indirectly have an impact on the ability of families to meet basic needs, including food needs for families with low economic level. Although it has not happened yet, it could resemble the economic crisis that took place two decades ago. From the analysis conducted by WHO and UNICEF, the risk of malnutrition will increase in a crisis-situation. This study aims to determine the intake of food groups among under-five children during Covid-19 pandemic and to assess the possible association of the Balance Diet Index (BDI) with family income. Data were collected using a self-administered Google Form questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of two sections such as women and under-five children demographic characteristics and Semi Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQ-FFQ). The SQ-FFQ was added with pictures of food for portion estimation. Data collection lasted two months from July to August 2020. Data was analyzed using SPSS 25 for univariate, bivariate, and multivariate with confidence interval 95%. Data found that most parent has a higher education level, both father and mother work as civil servant, policies, or army as well as in the private sector employees. 60,8% family has higher income. Regarding to portion consumed per day, more than 60% under-five children have enough portion intake of carbohydrate and animal-protein source, however, more than 70% has less portion intake of plant-based protein, vegetables, and fruit. The mean of BDI was 38,4% and there are 59.5% of under-five children had BDI score lies above the mean. There is no significant association found between BDI categories and respondent characteristics. Multivariate analysis found the odds of having BDI above mean is 1.94 higher on high-income family as compared to low-income family.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Muhammad Nur Hasan Syah
AU  - Dian Luthfiana Sufyan
AU  - Nurbaya
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/11/25
TI  - Balance Diet Index (BDI) of Under-Five Children During Coronavirus Pandemic
BT  - Proceedings of the International Conference of Health Development. Covid-19 and the Role of Healthcare Workers in the Industrial Era (ICHD 2020)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 428
EP  - 433
SN  - 2468-5739
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.201125.073
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.201125.073
ID  - Syah2020
ER  -