Travel and Tourism is an important economics activity in the most countries around the world. As well as its direct economic impact, the industry has significant indirect and induced impacts. The direct contribution of Travel and Tourism to GDP reflects the internal spending on total spending within country on Travel and Tourism by resident and non-residents for business and leisure purpose as well as government individual spending on Travel and Tourism services directly linked to visitors, such as cultural or recreational. The total contribution of Travel and Tourism includes its wider impacts on the economy. The indirect contribution includes the GDP and jobs supported by Travel and Tourism investment spending, government collective spending and domestic purchases of goods and services by sectors dealing directly with tourists for example, purchases food and cleaning services by hotel, of fuel and catering service by airlines, and IT services by travel agents. The direct contribution of Travel and Tourism to GDP in 2016 was IDR 226,411.0bn (1.8 of GDP). This forecast to rise by 4.3% to IDR236,204.0bn in 2017. The primarily reflects the economic activity generated by industries such as hotels, travel agents, airlines and other passenger transportation services (excluding commuter services). But it also includes, for example, activities of the restaurant and leisure industries directly supported by tourists. The 3rd International Conference on Management, Economics and Business (ICMEB) 2019 proposes the contributions regarding to the issues that explain above from the perspective of academics and practical which theme “Creating Competitiveness of Hospitality and Tourism Industries in 4.0’s Era : Opportunities and Challenges”. This International Conference have collected 85 article which come from several countries such United Kingdom, Australia, India, Pakistan, Malaysia, Hungary and Indonesia.
Finally, in the name of Committee Chair of ICMEB 2019 let me say thank so much for our sponsor such as PT Putra Perkasa Abadi, PT Nakama, PT Amanah Prima Indonesia, PT Pulau Sambu, PT Lada, and PT Sucofindo And our honorable speaker Dr. Muhammad Liga Suryadana M.Si, Patrick H Sibourg, Bruce Eric Edwin Riseley M.Ed, Prof. Dr Fauziah Ahmad Ph.D which has contribute for The 4th International Conference on Management, Economics and Business (ICMEB) 2019. Hopefully, we still able to collaborate in the several even in the future. In the same vein, my very best wishes to all participants who have contributed to its International Conferences and hope will see you on the next 5th International Conference on Management, Economics and Business (ICMEB).
Ade Gafar Abdullah
Cep Ubad Abdullah