Proceedings of the 2023 4th International Conference on Management Science and Engineering Management (ICMSEM 2023)

Reform of Fertility Encouragement Policy System in Macao Based on Incentive Compatibility Theory

Authors
Ieong Fat Fai1, *
1Macau Polytechnic University, Macau, Macao
*Corresponding author. Email: i9691393@yahoo.com.hk
Corresponding Author
Ieong Fat Fai
Available Online 9 October 2023.
DOI
10.2991/978-94-6463-256-9_180How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Incentive compatibility; Macao; Fertility encouragement policy
Abstract

Macao’s population policy and economic and social development plan always go hand in hand, and as a part of Macao’s economic and social development plan, it regulates the population quantity, quality and distribution, creating a suitable population environment for the realization of development goals. Based on the theory of incentive compatibility, this paper discusses the reform path of birth encouragement policy system in Macao. Using sampling survey, through descriptive analysis and binary Logistic regression, this paper analyzes the fertility will of women of childbearing age and its influencing factors from multiple dimensional variables. Through data analysis, Nearly 40% of professional women believe that Macau needs to support relevant fertility support policies in terms of reproduction. The results of binary Logistic regression show that the age of individual and children, the age of one child, the experience of one child, and the difference between household registration nature and job nature in social background factors have a significant impact on the fertility willingness of two children. Based on the research results of women of childbearing age’s desire to have two children, this paper puts forward some suggestions on the reform of Macao’s fertility encouragement policy system: adhere to the people-centered development thought, improve the medical policy and improve the interest-oriented system of population policy.

Copyright
© 2024 The Author(s)
Open Access
Open Access This chapter is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits any noncommercial use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license and indicate if changes were made.

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 2023 4th International Conference on Management Science and Engineering Management (ICMSEM 2023)
Series
Advances in Economics, Business and Management Research
Publication Date
9 October 2023
ISBN
10.2991/978-94-6463-256-9_180
ISSN
2352-5428
DOI
10.2991/978-94-6463-256-9_180How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2024 The Author(s)
Open Access
Open Access This chapter is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits any noncommercial use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license and indicate if changes were made.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Ieong Fat Fai
PY  - 2023
DA  - 2023/10/09
TI  - Reform of Fertility Encouragement Policy System in Macao Based on Incentive Compatibility Theory
BT  - Proceedings of the 2023 4th International Conference on Management Science and Engineering Management (ICMSEM 2023)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 1765
EP  - 1775
SN  - 2352-5428
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/978-94-6463-256-9_180
DO  - 10.2991/978-94-6463-256-9_180
ID  - Fai2023
ER  -