Proceedings of the International Conference on Mathematical Sciences and Statistics 2022 (ICMSS 2022)

Solving SEIR Model Using Symmetrized Runge Kutta Methods

Authors
Siti Solehah Bakar1, Noorhelyna Razali2, *
1Department of Computational and Theoretical Sciences, Kuliyyah of Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia, 25200, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
2Department of Engineering Education, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
*Corresponding author. Email: helyna@ukm.edu.my
Corresponding Author
Noorhelyna Razali
Available Online 12 December 2022.
DOI
10.2991/978-94-6463-014-5_36How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Symmetrized RK methods; Covid19; SEIR model; stiff system of ODEs; prediction of SEIR model
Abstract

During these pandemic, SEIR model has become a popular topic among researchers. Such epidemiological model is said to be a great decision tool to forecast the behaviour of Covid19 outbreak for future actions. Following trend, this paper attempts to use symmetrized Runge Kutta methods; Implicit Midpoint Rule (IMR) and Implicit Trapezoidal Rule (ITR), to solve this model. The base method; IMR and ITR are tested with one-step symmetrization (1ASIMR, 1ASITR, 1PSIMR, and 1PSITR) and two-step symmetrization (2ASIMR, 2ASITR, 2PSIMR and 2PSITR) in both active and passive modes. Symmetrized Runge-Kutta method is best when using along stiff equations. Thus, we used high rate of disease transmission, $$\beta$$ to study the efficiency of each method and predict the proportion of individuals in each category according to the SEIR model. All the parameters and values are obtained through official websites of Malaysia and calculated based on previous studies starting from 2nd December 2021 to 1st January 2022. The equilibrium points: disease free equilibrium (DFE) and the disease endemic equilibrium (DEE) are presented and calculated. Next, the basic reproduction number, $$R_{0}$$ is computed using the next generation method. The result depicted $$R_{0} > 1,$$ which indicates the disease has spread over. Finally, 2PSIMR is found to be the best method out of all. The efficiency of the methods is discussed and compared.

Open Access

Volume Title
Proceedings of the International Conference on Mathematical Sciences and Statistics 2022 (ICMSS 2022)
Series
Publication Date
12 December 2022
ISBN
10.2991/978-94-6463-014-5_36
ISSN
2352-538X
DOI
10.2991/978-94-6463-014-5_36How to use a DOI?
Open Access

TY  - CONF
AU  - Siti Solehah Bakar
AU  - Noorhelyna Razali
PY  - 2022
DA  - 2022/12/12
TI  - Solving SEIR Model Using Symmetrized Runge Kutta Methods
BT  - Proceedings of the International Conference on Mathematical Sciences and Statistics 2022 (ICMSS 2022)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 411
EP  - 425
SN  - 2352-538X
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/978-94-6463-014-5_36
DO  - 10.2991/978-94-6463-014-5_36
ID  - Bakar2022
ER  -