Proceedings of the International Conference on Public Organization (ICONPO 2021)

Designing Open-list Proportional Representation System in Indonesia’s Legislative Election during the Global Pandemic Era

Authors
Ridho Al-Hamdi1, *, Sakir Sakir1, Tanto Lailam2, M. Edward Trias Pahlevi1
1Department of Government Affairs and Administration, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia
2Department of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia
*Corresponding author. Email: ridhoalhamdi@umy.ac.id
Corresponding Author
Ridho Al-Hamdi
Available Online 1 March 2022.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.220209.003How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Open-list Proportional Representation (Open-list PR); Legislative Election; Indonesia; Global Pandemic
Abstract

This article evaluates the application of Open-list Proportional Representation (Open-list PR) system in Indonesia’s legislative election, and, in turn, proposes the modified design to be applied in further legislative elections, mainly in the global pandemic era. Methodologically, it is qualitative research by applying the multiple case approach. Thus, this research relies on the field data collected from the Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and in-depth interviews with the Electoral Management Bodies (EMBs), political parties, and scientists in the higher education institutions or Non-Government Organizations (NGOs). They are spreading in five provinces and seven cities/regencies across Indonesia. The finding reveals that Open-list PR has prospective compatibility with the framework of embedded democracy. It is supported by evidence that positive trends of Open-list PR are more over negative trends. Nevertheless, this system needs to address these negative trends: electoral malpractices; electoral violations; money politics; the absence of the candidate’s competence, integrity, ideology; and the influential role of financial owners. A proposed design is set up, i.e., the limitation of the EMBs period, the deterrent punishment for perpetrators, the legal certainty for whistleblowers, the application of merit system of candidacy mechanism nominated by political parties, the restriction and supervision of the campaign financing, the need of the independent EMBs. In the recent pandemic situation, the design of a single ballot paper is a breakthrough. It is effective, able to minimize the risk of COVID-19 transmission, and prospective to reduce invalid ballot papers. Scheduling the voters’ attendance at the polling station is also a need.

Copyright
© 2022 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the International Conference on Public Organization (ICONPO 2021)
Series
Advances in Economics, Business and Management Research
Publication Date
1 March 2022
ISBN
978-94-6239-544-2
ISSN
2352-5428
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.220209.003How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2022 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Ridho Al-Hamdi
AU  - Sakir Sakir
AU  - Tanto Lailam
AU  - M. Edward Trias Pahlevi
PY  - 2022
DA  - 2022/03/01
TI  - Designing Open-list Proportional Representation System in Indonesia’s Legislative Election during the Global Pandemic Era
BT  - Proceedings of the International Conference on Public Organization (ICONPO 2021)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 12
EP  - 23
SN  - 2352-5428
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.220209.003
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.220209.003
ID  - Al-Hamdi2022
ER  -