Pattern and Orientation of Indonesian Women’s Movement: Comparison of Women Movement in the Era Before and After the Reform
- 10.2991/assehr.k.201219.073How to use a DOI?
- women’s movement, gender equality, Indonesian history
The emergence of women’s movement in Indonesia is inseparable from the social, cultural, and political conditions. The emergence of women’s movement from the colonial period through post-reform era does not mean that it is opposed in achieving the ideals of women’s struggle. It is precisely apparent dynamics of each organization in achieving the ideals of women’s struggle. The data in this article was obtained through literature study consisting of books and journals. The purpose of this article is to compare the patterns forming the basis of each women’s movement between colonial and post-reform eras. The results showed the women’s movement in the colonial era resulted from aristocratic wife groups of national movement figures. Issues raised were around education that once existed and abolished polygamy, and affiliated with national movement organizations. The Orde Lama (Old Order) women’s movement was affiliated with political parties. In this era the resistance against the PKI and Gerwani came from Islamic organizations. This period was closed by the destruction of Gerwani. The Orde Baru women’s movement was marked by state co-optation of women’s organizations to support all state policies. The development of motherism ideology and the organizations like PKK, Dharma Wanita, Dharma Pertiwi dominates the role of women. An independent women’s movement emerged with the format of a foundation towards the fall of Orde Baru. Today’s women’s movement has no relationship with political parties and grows out of empathy for women’s problems, and a wide networking ability among the activists of the women’s movement.
- © 2020, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Yuanita Dwi Hapsari AU - Trisni Utami AU - Mahendra Wijaya AU - Triana Rahmawati PY - 2020 DA - 2020/12/21 TI - Pattern and Orientation of Indonesian Women’s Movement: Comparison of Women Movement in the Era Before and After the Reform BT - Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Social and Political Sciences (ICOSAPS 2020) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 483 EP - 488 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.201219.073 DO - 10.2991/assehr.k.201219.073 ID - Hapsari2020 ER -